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Metal shafts

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... shaft and beach marks on the piston along with a nick on the opposite side of the barrel. In addition, the metal around the corresponding hole in the rotor had plastically deformed and the slipper pad was gone. Based on the investigation, the failure most likely occurred due to a problem with the spring...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... fracture of a ductile metal. Fractures of ductile metals stressed in pure tension originate near the center of the shaft (provided there is no stress concentration). Toward the latter stages of the fracture process, many tiny internal voids, or cracks, develop and join to form a rough, jagged fracture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... properties Annealed at 800 °C Annealed at 800 °C and tempered at 450 °C for 4 h σ R , Kgf/mm 2 58.4 59.7 σ E , Kgf/mm 2 33.0 40.0 A, % 22.8 23.6 Impact, Kgm/cm 2 (J) 12 (94.5) 1.4 (11.0) Examples of embrittling metal environments for some structural materials Table 6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... not fail in 1000 h of testing. The same pressure velocity was used in all tests; no lubrication was used, and the bushings were rubbing on a type 316 stainless steel shaft. PM, powder metal; PTFE, polytetrafluoroethylene Fig. 11.29 Estimate of the relative applicability of types of plastics...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... enters an internal spline and is repeated if there is an internal spline at another location on the shaft. These cracks surround portions of the metal, forming essentially wedge-shaped segments, somewhat like those of an orange. Fig. 38 A “starry” spline fracture similar to that shown in Fig...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
... of manufacturing processes. This section will briefly review these processes. For the manufacture of metal gears, the reader should consult Chapters 5, “Machining, Grinding, and Finishing, ” 6, “Casting, Forming and Forging,” and 7, “Powder Metallurgy.” Methods for making plastic gears are described...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... application of technology. First, the Kevlar (E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Co.) circumferential wrap on the exterior substantially reduces the weight of the cylinder. On a pressure cylinder, the radial load is approximately twice the axial load. The metal cylinder thickness is reduced to just meet the design...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... Metal Gears Shafts Miscellaneous Applications Split Inductors U-Shaped Inductors with Crankshaft Rotation Stationary (Nonrotational) Technology Surface-Hardening Applications Through-Hardening Applications Figure 10.24 shows an induction heating application in which track...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
...; that is, the bottom dead center (BDC) position is essentially defined by the crank and pitman arm geometry. Because of their high stroking rate and low energy consumption, mechanical presses are the most common presses used in batch/mass production of sheet metal parts. The rated capacity (tonnage) of a mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Sabotage References References 1. “Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations, Metals Test Methods and Analytical Procedures,” E 1316–00a, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 3.03 , ASTM International 2. Smith C.O. , Products Liability and Design , Failure Analysis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... technology that can deposit metals or metal-ceramic composites under atmospheric conditions by accelerating feedstock particles above supersonic (300 to 1200 m/s, or 1000 to 3900 ft/s) speeds using a converge-diverge de Laval nozzle ( Ref 8.1 – 8.8 ). Because the cold spray process can produce thick deposits...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... applications for water-loving wood bearings, such as lignum vitae, was for propeller shaft bearings on ships. They were made from parallel plates of wood, mechanically locked into giant metal half shells; seawater was the lubricant. These bearings would often outlast the ship. This type of bearing is still...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
...Abstract Abstract Residual, or locked-in internal, stresses are regions of misfit within a metal part or assembly that can cause distortion and fracture just as can the more obvious applied, or service, stresses. This chapter describes the fundamental facts about residual stresses and discusses...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
.... The cutting action will remove small distorted fragments, or “chips,” of the softer metal. Fig. 2 shows a microscopic region of abrasive wear on a relatively soft, low-carbon-steel shaft bearing component. Abrasive wear was intentionally created using a hand file. The general solutions mentioned may...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... heats rapidly and the formation of the head begins. The cold bar is continuously fed between the gripping electrodes (b), thus the metal accumulates continuously in the head. The anvil electrode is gradually retracted to give enough space for the formation of the head. As soon as sufficient quantity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.9781627083010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
...; useful for soft soldering to 315 °C (600 °F) Fired Lava (f) Easily machinable before firing; good heat resistance; less strength than Diamonite Nonmagnetic Metals (g) Aluminum alloys Fixture base plates, work tables; useful for soft soldering (does not bond) Brass (free machining...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
... small an area to carry an appreciable load without destruction of the metal surface. As a result, single-enveloping worm gear sets are used in applications similar to those for helical gears on crossed shafts: to transmit motion where little power is involved. Considerable power must be transmitted...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... understanding of both the stress and strength gradients of metal parts with and without stress concentrations and under different types of loading is provided. The chapter also describes the effect of service conditions on applied stresses. fracture strength gradients stress stress distribution...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
...Abstract Abstract A brittle fracture occurs at stresses below the material's yield strength (i.e., in the elastic range of the stress-strain diagram). This chapter focuses on brittle fracture in metals and, more specifically, ferrous alloys. It lists the factors that must all be present...