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Metal connecting rod

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Published: 01 February 2005
Fig. A.1 (a) Geometry of the connecting rod. (b) Directions of metal flow. (c) Representative sections and their simplification More
Image
Published: 01 February 2005
Fig. 15.7 Geometry, directions of metal flow and representative cross sections of a connecting rod: (a) cross-sectional views of the connecting rod, (b) directions of metal flow (A = axisymmetric, P = plane strain), (c) representative sections and their simplification More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... metal and the weld (Fig. CH8.4). Pertinent Speci cations The tie-rod is said to be made of 0.5% carbon steel. Visual Examination of General Physical Features Figure CH8.1 shows the broken tie-rod. A bracket was welded to the tie-rod to connect a hydraulic jack. The rod had fractured near one...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... ·°K) Initial billet temperature, °F (°C) 2050 (1120) Initial die temperature, °F (°C) 400 (205) Fig. 15.7 Geometry, directions of metal flow and representative cross sections of a connecting rod: (a) cross-sectional views of the connecting rod, (b) directions of metal flow...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... center (BDC) position is essentially defined by the crank and pitman arm geometry. Because of their high stroking rate and low energy consumption, mechanical presses are the most common presses used in batch/mass production of sheet metal parts. The rated capacity (tonnage) of a mechanical press...
Image
Published: 01 November 2013
Fig. 12 Closed-die forging with flash. (a) Schematic diagram with flash terminology. (b) Forging sequence in closed-die forging of connecting rods. Source: Ref 9 Definition In this process, a billet is formed (hot) in dies (usually with two halves) such that the flow of metal from More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... and 3-D FE simulations were used extensively to analyze and optimize the metal flow in flashless forging of the connecting rod shown in Fig. 16.20(a) . In order to verify the applicability of the simulation results, physical modeling experiments were conducted using plasticine. Figure 16.20(b) shows...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... hosed cylinders ( Ref 13.23 ). In a manifold system, nitrogen cylinders are attached to a metal plate that has a large-diameter metal hose connecting all the cylinders and acting as an accumulator ( Fig. 13.25 ) ( Ref 13.24 ). The metal plate has a control panel that allows charging and discharging...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... and the formation of the head begins. The cold bar is continuously fed between the gripping electrodes (b), thus the metal accumulates continuously in the head. The anvil electrode is gradually retracted to give enough space for the formation of the head. As soon as sufficient quantity of metal is gathered...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... commonly, this is direct metal removal by the cutting action of high-velocity abrasive particles. Erosion failures (washouts) are seen in drill pipe when leaks (loose connections or a corrosion fatigue crack) allow drilling mud with fine particulates to flow through the wall under a high-pressure gradient...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.9781627083010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
..., and titanium alloys. impression-die forging process design 14.1 Introduction In impression-die forging, two or more dies are moved toward each other to form a metal billet that has a relatively simple geometry to obtain a more complex shape. Usually, the billet is heated to an appropriate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... press is used for all current extrusion processes. Machines for the direct hot extrusion of light-metal alloys are mainly used for the extrusion of section (80%), tube (10%), and rod (<10%) in aluminum and aluminum alloys. The machines for direct hot extrusion of heavy metals, mainly copper...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... metals were immersed in the same acid and electrically connected ( Fig. 2b ), the reactions would become: Oxidation: Zn → Zn 2 + + 2 e − Reduction: 2 H + + 2 e − → H 2 Almost all of the oxidation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Clinching is used extensively in the manufacturing of cars, household appliances, air conditioners, and other electronic and electrical products. The advantages of clinching include ( Ref 14.14 ): Low cost Can be used to connect sheet, profile, and die-cast parts Used up to sheet metal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
.... Thus, a 750 ton, four-bar press could perform the same forming operation, requiring 200 tons over 6 in., as a 1500 ton eccentric press. The four-bar press, which was originally developed for sheet metal forming and cold extrusion, is well suited for extrusion-type forming operations, where a nearly...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
... Bravais lattice Strukturbericht designation Prototype Parameter, mm Atoms number Si Cubic cF8 F d 3 ¯ m A4 Diamond 0.543 8 Covalent (strong) 3.56 Flat Al Cubic cF4 F m 3 ¯ m A1 Cu 0.405 4 Metallic (weak) 1.36 Rough Topography...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... the metal, as well as from applied stresses. Study of Chapter 4, “Residual Stresses,” in this book will help to clarify this extremely complex phenomenon. Distortion failures are serious because they can lead to other types of failure or may even cause complete collapse of structures, such as bridges...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... for making solid sections, bars, strips, rods, tubes, and hollow sections are shown in Fig. 2 , 5 , and 6 . The following three components must be properly aligned, as shown in Fig. 9 , to achieve the best performance of the die with respect to metal flow, the life of the die, productivity, and quality...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... by flexible leads and brushes to a length of buswork which in turn is connected to an induction heating power supply. The metallic parts contained in the tube are induction heated to 850 °C (1560 °F) as it travels through the oven, and the entrapped oxygen is driven off. When the tube exits the oven...