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Medium-carbon steel (alloy steel, general)

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... Identifying symbol Water-hardening tool steels W Shock-resisting tool steels S Oil-hardening cold-work tool steels O Air-hardening, medium-alloy cold-work tool steels A High-carbon, high-chromium cold-work tool steels D Mold steels P Hot-work tool steels, chromium, tungsten...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... include water-hardening; shock-resisting; oil-hardening cold-work; air-hardening, medium-alloy cold-work; high-carbon, high-chromium cold-work; low-alloy, special-purpose; mold; hot-work; and high-speed tool steels. air-hardening tool steel annealing austenitizing high-carbon tool steel high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... mechanical property requirements. Another category of steel based on strength is a group called ultrahigh-strength steels . These are commercial structural steels capable of a minimum yield strength of 1380 MPa (200 ksi). Three types of ultrahigh-strength steels are: Medium-carbon low-alloy steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... adequate strength (hardness) for a given carbon content. In some applications, a mixed microstructure may be adequate, even when a quench cannot produce 100% martensite through the section. Quenching heavy sections of plain medium-carbon steels can still avoid the formation of coarse pearlite, thus...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... during thermomechanical processing of wrought forms (plate, bar, sections, etc.). Microalloying and grain refinement are briefly described in this chapter, but most quench and tempered steels are the AISI-SAE types of low-alloy steels ( Table 1 ) or plain carbon steels with medium to high levels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... alloys also vary widely, as indicated in Table 1 for representative steel-cutting grades. Fig. 2 Microstructure of 85WC-9(Ta,Ti,Nb)C-6Co steel-cutting grade of cemented carbide, medium grain size. The gray angular particles are WC, and the dark gray, rounded particles are solid-solution carbides...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... minutes after the steel has reached the proper austenitizing temperature throughout its cross section. Very coarse cementite or alloy carbides require longer times to dissolve and diffuse into the austenite. Total heating time for a specific thickness is a function of the heating medium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
.... Medium-carbon steels with core hardness of 35 HRC to 40 HRC require less case depth than steels with core hardness of 30 HRC or below. Carbonitriding, because of the lower furnace temperatures employed, is capable of producing a more uniform case depth than gas carburizing. Measurement of Case Depth...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... behavior and properties of medium-carbon steels are discussed in later sections of this chapter. Fig. 18.1 Fracture response, under conditions of tensile loading, as a function of tempering temperature and steel carbon content for carbon and low-alloy carbon steels quenched to martensite. LTT...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... of tempered martensite as the percentage of manganese in the steel increases. Nickel is similar to manganese at low alloy additions, but is less potent at the high alloy levels. Nickel is also affected by carbon content, the medium-carbon steels having the greatest effect. There is an alloy interaction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... used, especially the quenching medium, also has a great effect on the steels selected. In general, any of the grades containing more than 0.30% C may be induction or flame hardened. Steels in this group with lower carbon and manganese content find wide usage for certain types of cold-formed parts...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
... loads. Medium-carbon steels with core hardnesses of 40 to 45 HRC normally require less case depth than steels with core hardnesses of 20 HRC or below. Low-alloy steels with medium-carbon content, such as those used in automotive transmission gears, are often assigned minimum case depths of 0.2 mm...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
...) identification system for carbon and alloy steels, is impractical for several reasons. The carbon content of most tool steels falls within three general ranges: relatively low, medium, and high. On the low-carbon end, the plastic mold tool steels have carbon contents between 0.07 and 0.35%, and most other...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... is developed for a specific application and loading and must function with a specific type of furnace equipment. Baskets and fixtures can be produced from cast or wrought alloys. Fabricated parts are used in light-to-medium loading applications, intricate designs, complex shapes, and generally with lighter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
...-Carbon Steels Steels containing from 0.25 to 0.60% C and 0.25 to 1.65% Mn are classified as medium-carbon steels. Based on their base-metal mechanical properties, the electrodes in AWS specification A5.1 usually suffice in most applications. The use of preheat, interpass temperature...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... as a function of tempering temperature of hardened, low-alloy, medium-carbon steels. Source: Ref 17.1 Finally, Fig. 17.1 also shows the substantial effect that increasing carbon content has on impact toughness by comparing the results of tempering 0.5% C steels to those of 0.4% C steels. Steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... furnaces. Normalizing Steel is normalized by heating 50 to 60 °C (90 to 110 °F) into the austenite phase field at temperatures somewhat higher than those used by annealing, followed by cooling at a medium rate. For carbon steels and low-alloy steels, normalizing means air cooling. Many steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... about these classifications. An attempt is made here to explain the basic classification systems. These HSLA steels are a group of low- and medium-carbon steels that generally use small amounts of alloying elements to attain yield strengths usually above about 345 MPa (50 ksi) in the hot-rolled...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
... cient carbon and other alloying elements to harden fully during cooling in air or other gaseous mediums from a temperature above its transformation range. The terms should be restricted to steels that are capable of being hardened by cooling in air in fairly large sections, about 2 in. (50 mm) or more...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.9781627084567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7