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Martensitic stainless steels

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the metallurgy, phase structure, thermal processing, and applications of martensitic stainless steels. The phenomenon of martensite formation is explained. A table listing the compositions of martensitic stainless steels is also presented...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...Chemical compositions of martensitic stainless steels Table 1 Chemical compositions of martensitic stainless steels UNS No. Type/designation Composition (a) , % C Mn Si Cr Ni P S Other Standard (SAE) grades S40300 403 0.15 1.00 0.50 11.5–13.0 ... 0.04 0.03...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
...Abstract Abstract Stainless steels derive their name from their corrosion-resisting properties first observed in 1912. Two groups, working independently, concurrently discovered what came to be known as austenitic and ferritic stainless steels. Martensitic and precipitation-hardened stainless...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the classification, composition, properties, and applications of five types of stainless steels: austenitic, ferritic, duplex, martensitic, and precipitation-hardening steels. It discusses the process involved in argon oxygen decarburization that is used...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Chemical compositions of martensitic stainless steels Table 12.11 Chemical compositions of martensitic stainless steels UNS No. Type/designation Composition(a), % C Mn Si Cr Ni P S Other Standard (AISI) grades S40300 403 0.15 1.00 0.50 11.5–13.0 … 0.04 0.03...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Fig. 16.1 Schaeffler diagram. The regions corresponding to the most common stainless steel families are indicated. Fig. 16.2 AISI 410 martensitic stainless steel quenched and tempered. (a) and (b) Tempered martensite. (c) Tempered martensite with grain boundaries decorated with fine...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... … … … S32950 7-Mo Plus 0.03 2.00 0.01 0.035 0.60 26.0–29.0 3.5–5.20 1.0–0.5 … … 0.15–0.35 (a) Single values are maximum. Source: Ref 1 Chemical compositions of standard AISI martensitic stainless steels Table 4 Chemical compositions of standard AISI martensitic stainless steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
...), martensitic, and precipitation-hardening. In addition, information on special considerations for stainless steel castings is also provided. The heat treatment processes explained in the chapter are preheating, annealing, stress relieving, hardening, tempering, austenite conditioning, heat aging, and nitride...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., caustic, polythionic acid, and high-temperature environments and the correlating effects on austenitic, ferritic, duplex, martensitic, and precipitation hardening stainless steels and nickel-base alloys. It also discusses the contributing effects of sensitization and hydrogen embrittlement and the role...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses different thermal processes applicable to the various alloy groups of stainless steels, namely austenitic, ferritic, martensitic, precipitation hardening, and duplex stainless steels. The processes discussed include soaking, annealing, stress relieving...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the composition, alloying characteristics, mechanical properties, corrosion resistance, advantages, limitations, and applications of martensitic, semiaustenitic, and austenitic precipitation-hardenable stainless steels. mechanical properties...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... characteristics of the categories of stainless steels, namely austenitic, duplex, ferritic, martensitic, and precipitation-hardening stainless steels. This is followed by a discussion of the selection criteria for materials to be welded. Various welding processes used with stainless steel are then described...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article covers the metallurgy and properties of stainless steels. It provides composition information on all types of ferritic, austenitic, martensitic, duplex, and precipitation-hardening stainless steels, including proprietary and nonstandard grades, along...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... (b) 18 (b) 1.0 (a) 1.0 (a) 0.05 (a) 0.05 (a) 0.2 (a) 3.5 (b) 0.1 (a) 0.35 B (b) (a) Maximum. (b) Typical. LSC and Ultra are trade names. Nominal compositions (wt%) of Powder Metallurgy martensitic stainless steels Table 2.4 Nominal compositions (wt...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... detrimental to corrosion resistance or toughness. In austenitic stainless steels, strength is also developed by cold work and strain-induced martensite formation. Martensitic stainless steels can be heat treated by quench and tempering to high hardness and strength. Precipitation-hardening grades of stainless...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... containing 5% Cr such as H11, H12, and H13 Air-hardening tool steels such as A-2, A-6, D-2, D-3, and S-7 High-speed tool steels such as M-2 and M-4 Austenitic stainless steels of the 200 and 300 series Martensitic stainless steels of the 400 series such as 422 and 440 Precipitation-hardening...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... for steels with greater strength and corrosion resistance. Martensitic and duplex stainless steels have provided the corrosion resistance and strength to deal with higher levels of hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, chlorides, and acidity. This chapter reviews the selection of stainless steels for petroleum...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...Abstract Abstract Metallurgy, as discussed in this chapter, focuses on phases normally encountered in stainless steels and their characteristics. This chapter describes the thermodynamics and the three basic phases of stainless steels: ferrite, austenite, and martensite. Formation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... and the role of diffusion, nucleation, and growth. It also discusses alloying, heat treating, and defect formation and briefly covers condenser tube materials. alloying elements austenitic stainless steels boiler tubes condenser tubes continuous cooling transformation diagram creep-resistant steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... relationships for standard martensitic stainless steels Fig. 1.15 Micrograph of AISI 410 martensitic stainless steel showing a microstructure consisting of 100% martensite. Etched in Kalling’s No. 1 reagent. 500× Fig. 1.16 Micrograph of a duplex stainless steel (7Mo Plus) showing...