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Manganese sulfide

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
..., and sintered steels and the morphology of manganese sulfide inclusions in castings. carbon content inclusions pearlite proeutectoid cementite proeutectoid ferrite We have now dealt with the structures of annealed and normalized steels containing up to about 0.25% C. The pearlite constituent...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
.... It explains why manganese is sometimes added to steel and how unintended consequences, such as the development of sulfide stringers, can offset the benefits. It also examines the effect of alloying elements on the iron-carbon phase diagram, particularly their effect on transformation temperatures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... populating the 303 matrix. Courtesy of Ugitech Fig. 7 X-ray examination showing manganese sulfides and Ugima oxides coating the tool surface. EDAX, energy dispersive analysis by x-ray. Courtesy of Ugitech Fig. 8 Comparison of machinability of AISI 303 at different sulfur levels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
...-Alloy Steels Through-Thickness Ductility: Lamellar Tearing Ferrite-Pearlite Banding Free-Machining Steels Identification of Manganese Sulfide Inclusions References References 1. Broek D. , Elementary Engineering Fracture Toughness , 4th ed. , Martinus Nijhoff , Dordkecht...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... of time. An example of an improperly carbonitrided surface is shown in Fig. 3.31 which represents a quenched AISI/SAE 1117 steel shaft (this is a resulfurized steel that contains a high density of manganese sulfide inclusions for improved machinability). This steel shaft has been carburized at 955...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... sulfide (or a manganese sulfide–containing eutectic) that was liquid during solidification and, due to surface tension, compacted to droplets as it solidified over the dendrites (mechanism proposed in Ref 18 ). 8.7.1 Conventional Ingot Casting 8.7.2 Rimming Steels 8.7.3 Continuous Casting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
...). Counteracts brittleness caused by sulfur (iron sulfide) through the formation of a manganese sulfide (MnS). High levels of manganese produce an austenitic steel with improved wear and abrasion resistance. Phosphorus (P) Usually considered an impurity in most steels. Can be added to low-carbon steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... Microhardness, kgf/mm 2 Manganese sulfides (a)  MnS 170  MnS + Cr <450  MnS + Ni <250  MnS + Co <240  MnS + Fe <300  MnS + Ti <215  MnS + V <340 A1 2 O 3 >3000 SiO 2 1600 MnSiO 2 750 MnO 400 Nonmetallic inclusions with MgO present...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... ). Fig. 9.5 Schematic diagram of the inclusions that form in as-cast aluminum-killed steels and the changes produced in inclusion morphology by hot rolling. “A” represents Al 2 O 3 and “C” represents CaO. Source: Ref 9.9 Manganese sulfide (MnS) particles are a ubiquitous component of steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... in stainless, while titanium becomes a stronger deoxidizer in stainless. Their effect on sulfur is similar to that on oxygen. If manganese is lowered to very low levels, the supersaturation of sulfides is pushed to a lower temperature, at which lower diffusion rates hinder or prevent the precipitation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
...- and fine-grained steels. The chapter also discusses grain-refinement processes and some of the effects of overheating, including sulfide spheroidization, grain-boundary sulfide precipitation, and grain-boundary liquation. austenitization carbon steel grain boundary grain growth grain size We...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... Effect of decarburization on fatigue behavior of a steel. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 9.4 Ten different types of flaws that may be found in rolled bars. See text for details. Source: Ref 3 Fig. 9.5 Manganese sulfide inclusions in 0.39% carbon steel, unetched, 250×. Source: Ref 1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... As-polished specimen of wrought iron showing slag inclusions. 50× Fig. 8.5 As-polished specimen of free-machining AISI/SAE 11L44 steel showing manganese sulfide inclusions with metallic lead attached. 500× Fig. 8.3 As-polished specimen of oxide inclusions in a specimen of Lancashire iron...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... of the mechanisms of overheating during hot working is the dissolution and reprecipitation of manganese sulfides. When the sulfide reprecipitates in austenitic grain boundaries, it normally causes embrittlement ( Ref 7 ). The occurrence of excessive austenitic grain growth due to excessive local heating is also...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... between 0.25 and 1.00 wt%. Manganese is added to counteract the effects of sulfur, which is always present as an impurity. Sulfur reacts with iron to form a continuous network of iron sulfide along the grain boundaries. Since iron sulfide melts at a relatively low temperature, hot shortness or grain...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... Science , 2nd ed. , MPIF , Princeton, NJ , 1994 , p 344 – 348 3. Madan D.S. , An Update on the Use of Manganese Sulfide (MnS) Powder in Powder Metallurgy Applications , Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials , ed. Pease L. III , Sansoucy R. , Vol 3...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... as hypoeutectic and those above this composition are classified as hypereutectic, cast irons generally have at least one more alloying element, silicon being the most common. Besides silicon and carbon, the most common elements in cast irons are manganese, sulfur, and phosphorus. These elements change...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... directional effect on Charpy results depending on the inclusion types present (for example, sulfides, oxides, and complex non-metallics). Charpy tests taken perpendicular to the working or rolling direction have lower absorbed energies when manganese sulfide stringers are present. Steel ladle treatments, used...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... chloride (LiCl) lithium fluoride (LiF) lithium hydride (LiH) lithium iodide (LiI) magnesium oxide (MgO) magnesium sulfide (MgS) manganese oxide (MnO) manganese sulfide (MnS) nickel oxide (NiO) potassium bromide (KBr) potassium chloride (KCl) potassium fluoride (KF...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... in using a parameter based only on alloy content is that it ignores the often-found detrimental effects of microstructural constituents such as manganese sulfide inclusions, sigma and chi phases, chromium depleted zones, and alloying element segregation due to coring produced by weld solidification...