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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 4.13 Binodal curve of liquids (the hatched area indicates the miscibility gap). (a) Normal type of binodal curve of water and phenol. (b) Inverted type of binodal curve of polyvinyl methyl ether (PVME) (molecular weight 51,500) and polystyrene (PS) (molecular weight 20,400) More
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Published: 01 November 2011
Fig. 7.2 Principle of capillary attraction for selected liquids sandwiched between two clean glass plates: (a) when immersed in water or ink, a column will rise between the plates because of wetting; (b) when the plates are immersed in mercury, no wetting occurs and the column is depressed More
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 2.2 Rapid dendritic growth is observed in liquids that have been undercooled below the freezing temperature. The latent heat of fusion, released by the solidificatio process, raises the temperature of the interface, as shown. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Liquid metals are frequently used as a heat-transfer medium because of their high thermal conductivities and low vapor pressures. Containment materials used in such heat-transfer systems are subject to molten metal corrosion as well as other problems. This chapter reviews the corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract Liquid penetrant, magnetic particle, and eddy current inspection are used to detect surface flaws. This chapter is a detailed account of the physical principles, process description, equipment requirements, selection criteria, advantages, limitations, and applications of these surface...
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Published: 01 December 2003
Fig. 7 Liquid-solid separation by affinity in liquid-solid chromatography More
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Published: 01 December 2009
Fig. 11.8 High-performance liquid chromatography equipment pumps the mobile liquid phase through the stationary phase and identifies emerging compounds using refractive techniques. More
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 4.14 Liquid nitrogen pump system with dual pumps (middle), liquid nitrogen tank (right), and controls and vaporizer (left). Courtesy of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. More
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Published: 30 April 2020
Fig. 3.31 Two-particle test for liquid wetting. The liquid pulls the solid particles together to form a point contact (upper sketch). A nonwetting liquid minimizes contact with the solid by forcing particle separation (lower sketch). More
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Published: 01 November 2013
Fig. 4 Development of shrinkage void in a casting. (a) Liquid. (b) Liquid + solid. (c) Liquid + solid. (d) Solid. Source: Ref 2 More
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Published: 31 January 2024
Fig. A32 Phases present are austenite (γ) at 2.08 wt% carbon and liquid at 4.36 wt% carbon. Note: For irons, the dashed lines indicate the phase boundaries for iron in equilibrium with graphite. More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 5.2 Real-time x-ray images of dendrites growing in Al 20% copper liquid taken at (a) 110, (b) 139, and (c) 360 after the first grains appeared. Courtesy of H. Nguyen-Thi, Aix-Marseille University, France. Source: Ref 5.7 More
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Published: 01 January 2017
Fig. 18.14 Pipe section immersed in liquid nitrogen and then ruptured to reveal the intersecting stress-corrosion cracks (dark portions on the fracture surfaces). Crack initiation was at the outside diameter. More
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 9.13 Schematic of dendritic solidification. The dark shading in liquid adjacent to dendrites represents concentrations of solute atoms rejected from the solid dendrites. Source: Ref 9.45 More
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 9.14 Another schematic view of dendritic solidification. Shown are liquid convection, effects of deformation, and regions (small white circular areas) where dendrite branches have grown together and interdendritic shrinkage will occur. Source: Ref 9.46 More
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 9.19 Amount of as-cast columnar and equiaxed zones as a function of liquid steel superheat. Source: Adapted from Ref 9.53 More
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Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 3 Hot spot location (circled) revealed by liquid crystal for a short circuit in the ESD protective circuit (transistors) at the pad. More
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Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 4 Poor (a) and good (b) designs for vessels holding both liquid and vapor phases. Sharp corners and protruding outlet end in (a) allow hot gases to become trapped in the vapor space. This is avoided in (b) by using rounded corners and mounting the vessel outlet pipe flush. More
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Published: 01 December 2003
Fig. 2 Liquid chromatographic system. 1, solvent delivery pumping system; 2, autosampling/injection system; 3, interactive controller for solvent mixing and system automation; 4, ultraviolet detectors; 5, differential refractometer; 6, data-handling computer. The column is not visible More
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Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 28 Spin on ARC coating. The RPM and viscosity of the liquid define the film thickness and therefor the desired index match. Typically a gold to light blue color film gives optimum results for NIR work. More