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Liquid propane

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... 8 . Two new designs for small pressure vessels have gained wider use. Isotensoid vessels ( Fig. 1.2 ) are essentially composite pressure vessels with Isotensoid domes but without a cylindrical section. They are proposed for use as liquid propane gas containers and would be placed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Abstract This chapter discusses the process characteristics, advantages, disadvantages, and applications of various processes involved in surface hardening of steel. These include pack carburizing, liquid carburizing, gas carburizing, vacuum carburizing, plasma carburizing, gas nitriding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
...–980 (1500–1800) 75 μm–1.5 mm (3–60 mils) 50–63 (a) Liquid Diffused carbon and possibly nitrogen 815–980 (1500–1800) 50 μm–1.5 mm (2–60 mils) 50–65 (a) Vacuum Diffused carbon 815–1090 (1500–2000) 75 μm–1.5 mm (3–60 mils) 50–63 (a) Nitriding Gas Diffused nitrogen, nitrogen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... metallic, cermet, or ceramic material. High-Velocity Oxyfuel (HVOF) In the high-velocity oxyfuel (HVOF) process, fuel such as propane, propylene, or hydrogen is mixed with oxygen and burned in a chamber. (In some cases, liquid kerosene may be used as a fuel and air as the oxidizer.) The products...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
...–0.35 1.0–1.1 2.0–2.2 Moderate 0.35–0.40 1.2–1.3 … Good 0.40–0.50 1.4–1.5 … Strong 0.50–0.80 1.6–2.0 … Violent 0.80–1.1 4.0 5.0 Source: Ref 4 There are three stages of heat removal during quenching in liquids as illustrated in Fig. 11 : (1) vapor blanket stage, (2...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
..., capillary flow is a result of the relative attraction of the molecules of the liquid to each other and to those of the solid surface. In actual practice, brazing filler metal flow characteristics are also influenced by dynamic considerations such as fluidity, viscosity, vapor pressure, and gravity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... In the majority of melting operations, after the liquid metal is produced it is cast into molds. At this point it becomes either an ingot or a casting upon solidification. Use of the term ingot is reserved for the furnace output in molded form that is intended for shaping into a marketable material through...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
... heating, usually achieved by the passage of electric current, combined with compression of the joint, and only a small quantity of additional, preplaced, filler metal. The heating cycle is so rapid that dewetting, porosity, and other phenomena associated with liquid phase joining, which would normally...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... liquid iron oxide slag. When sufficient chromium is present as an alloy ingredient, chromium oxide forms and interferes with the oxidation of iron. Torch cutting can be done on these materials when additional fine iron powder is introduced into the cutting oxygen stream. The powder provides...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ps.t62440001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-352-2
... on liquid-state metal joining. However with the development of the diffusion-soldering and diffusion-brazing processes, which are a hybrid of the two, some consideration of solid-state joining, in particular diffusion bonding, is merited. Pressure welding is sometimes used to prepare filler metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
..., and disadvantages of furnaces classified based on the heat transfer medium employed. The types of furnaces covered are batch-type, continuous-type, liquid bath, fluidized bed, and vacuum. The subsequent sections provide information on furnace parts, fixtures, quenching mediums, and quenching systems. The final...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... long-term service condi- tions. active metal. A metal ready to corrode or being corroded. adhesion. (1) In frictional contacts, the attractive force between adjacent surfaces. In physical chemistry, adhesion denotes the attraction between a solid surface and a second (liquid or solid) phase. This defi...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.9781627083515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ps.9781627083522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-352-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... to the austenitization temperatures, because the liquid salt transfers heat more rapidly than gases. Three techniques that produce extremely fast heating, rates are flame heating, induction heating, and laser heating. As shown in Fig. 11.2 , even with these ultrafast heating rates, homogenization of austenite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... exist that enable both liquid and vapor flow. Lower-molecular-weight species are most mobile, so there is preferential motion of those species within the pores. As binder removal continues, pendular bonds emerge. These are the binder bridges between particles. Because the binder is isolated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... process can increase productivity by providing faster processing speeds or deeper penetration. 4.9 Thermit Welding Thermit welding is a process that produces coalescence of metals by heating them with superheated liquid metal from an aluminothermic reaction between a metal oxide and aluminum...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...- tects the core against corrosion. tive force between adjacent surfaces. In phys- allotropy. (1) A near synonym for polymor- ical chemistry, adhesion denotes the attraction phism. Allotropy is generally restricted to de- between a solid surface and a second (liquid scribing polymorphic behavior...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.9781627082617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7