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Liquid copper

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Published: 30 April 2021
Fig. 6.8 Liquid erosion in a copper pipe which carries potable water More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 5.2 Real-time x-ray images of dendrites growing in Al 20% copper liquid taken at (a) 110, (b) 139, and (c) 360 after the first grains appeared. Courtesy of H. Nguyen-Thi, Aix-Marseille University, France. Source: Ref 5.7 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... the invariant point, m , where liquid 1 ( L 1 ) transforms to another liquid ( L 2 ) and solid solution (α). Adapted from Ref 7.1 Liquid copper and liquid lead are completely soluble in each other at high temperatures. However, as shown in the Fig. 7.2 phase diagram, alloys containing between 36...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... ), and a solid-solution alpha (α) field, where α is a solid solution containing both copper and nickel. Each field is defined by the phase or phases that exist over the range of temperatures and compositions bounded by the phase-boundary lines. At high temperatures, the liquid, L , field is a homogeneous liquid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... shortness associated with copper and overheating and burning as occur during forging. It addresses various types of embrittlement, including quench embrittlement, tempered-martensite embrittlement, liquid-metal-induced embrittlement, and hydrogen embrittlement, and concludes with a discussion on high...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... schematically in Fig. 2.5 . Fig. 2.5 The eutectic structure of a lead-tin alloy consisting of alternating platelets of lead-rich and tin-rich phases. Source: Ref 2.1 In another system, copper and nickel are completely soluble in each other in the liquid state and in the solid state. Figure 2.6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... If these assumptions are incorporated in the equilibrium constant expression, the result is: (Eq 5.11) K = 1.04 × 10 − 3 = a 3 Be a Be = 0.1 The activity-composition relationship for dilute solutions of beryllium in liquid copper is not known...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
.... These metals and their alloys are thus not recommended for use as containment materials for molten antimony. Liquid metal embrittlement of various alloys by low-melting-point metals, such as copper, zinc, cadmium, mercury, lead, tin, and so forth, is reviewed. LME cases are often associated with welding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
...% Cu) on the extreme left to 100 wt% Ni (0 wt% Cu) on the extreme right. Three different phase regions, or fields, are present on the diagram: a liquid ( L ) field, a two-phase solid plus liquid field (α + L ), and a solid-solution alpha (α) field, where α is a solid solution containing both copper...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mdsbktmse.t56070007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-451-2
... of liquids and gases. All examples employ a systematic problem-solving approach and include necessary input code. aluminum BCC iron copper graphene interatomic potential function LAMMPS code molecular dynamics numerical simulation self-diffusion silver sliding friction stacking fault energy...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pb.t51230207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-351-5
... of diffusion brazing involves conducting the joining operation with a temperature gradient imposed. Aluminum alloys have been joined using copper foils in this manner. The temperature gradient forces the liquid interface to move slowly through the joint and into the parent materials until it runs out of copper...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 January 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdktmse.t56100019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-470-3
... and Liquid 2 at 43 wt% tin. % Liquid 1 = 12 mm 16 mm + 12 mm = 43 % % Liquid 2 = 16 mm 16 mm + 12 mm = 57 % Problem 22 Using points A through F, sketch the microstructure development of an 88 wt% manganese and copper-manganese alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... In the majority of melting operations, after the liquid metal is produced it is cast into molds. At this point it becomes either an ingot or a casting upon solidification. Use of the term ingot is reserved for the furnace output in molded form that is intended for shaping into a marketable material through...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... other states of matter; that is, the liquid and vapor states. Consider a metal specimen in the solid state that consists of 50% iron atoms and 50% copper atoms ( Fig. 2.1a ). These atoms do not form a homogeneous solid under equilibrium conditions; rather, they form two different solids, one rich...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... and a metallic compound such as copper or even tin and zinc. For copper paint, the carrier liquid is usually an alcohol-base material. When applying copper-base paint, follow the paint manufacturer’s application instructions and do not take shortcuts. Use a high-quality paintbrush that will not leave bristles...
Image
Published: 01 July 1997
Fig. 6 Solidification of dendrites in a weld. (a) Solidification of 3% Cu-Al alloy by the growth of dendrites, (b). (c) Solute redistribution occurring ahead of the solid/liquid interface. (d) Constitutional supercooling develops when the actual temperature of liquid in the copper-rich zone More
Image
Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 3.28 Portion of the aluminum-copper binary phase diagram. Temperature ranges for annealing, precipitation heat treating, and solution heat treating are indicated. The range for solution treating is below the eutectic melting point of 548 °C (1018 °F) at 5.65 wt% Cu. L, liquid; Al-CuAl 2 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.9781627082839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... uniformly throughout the same solid phase. For example, if liquid copper and liquid nickel are mixed, a single liquid phase is formed. If this uniform mixture is solidified, the crystals will consist of just one solid phase in which the copper and nickel atoms are fairly well distributed throughout the same...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 January 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdktmse.9781627084703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-470-3