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Published: 30 November 2023
Fig. 7.7 Melt materials, (a) ingots, (b) sows, (c) T-bars More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Direct chill (DC) ingots used for aluminum roll products More
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 6.1 Two DC cast ingots. Courtesy of Novelis More
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Published: 01 June 2008
Fig. 28.9 Vacuum arc melting of titanium ingots More
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Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 5.22 Direct chill aluminum castings. (a) Rolling ingots with molds in background. (b) Billets in four-strand horizontal direct chill caster. (c) Twenty-strand horizontal direct chill caster of foundry ingot. Images (b) and (c) are Courtesy of Light Metal Age , Feb 1995. More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 8.44 Solidification shrinkage in ingots. Right, an ingot without hot topping. Solidification progresses uniformly along the walls of the mold and a large primary pipe and secondary pipe can be the result of the process. Insulating and/or exothermic materials in the hot top slow down its More
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Published: 01 December 2001
Fig. 24 As-cast Al-7Si ingots showing the effects of grain refinement. (a) No grain refiner. (b) Grain-refined. Both etched using Poulton’s etch; both 2x More
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Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 3-5 Eutectic cell size for 1360 kg (3000 Ib) M42 high-speed steel ingots produced by conventional static casting (a) and ESR (b). 30x, center position. Courtesy of Allvac More
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Published: 01 April 2013
Fig. 1 Longitudinal sections of two types of ingots showing typical pipe and porosity. When the ingots are rolled into bars, these flaws become elongated throughout the center of the bars. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 April 2013
Fig. 2 Schematic showing piping in top poured ingots. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 April 2013
Fig. 4 Sections through two heat-resistant alloy ingots showing flaws that can impair forgeability. (a) Piece of unmelted consumable electrode (white spot near center). (b) Shelf (black line along edge) resulting from uneven solidification of the ingot. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 October 2012
Fig. 5.12 Vacuum arc melting of titanium ingots. Source: Ref 5.2 More
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Published: 01 July 2009
Fig. 18.6 Relationship between grain size and pour temperatures in beryllium ingots. •, elevated mold temperature; °, ambient mold temperature. Source: Krenzer 1979 More
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Published: 01 December 2016
Fig. 1.25 Primary crystals of silicon in hypereutectic aluminum-silicon alloy ingots. (a) Faceted equiaxed crystals, alloy AlSi20. (b) Dendrite crystals, alloy AlSi26. (c) Plate crystals, alloy AlSi50. LM, etched 1HF(1) More
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Published: 01 November 2012
Fig. 3 Longitudinal sections of two types of ingots showing typical pipe and porosity. When the ingots are rolled into bars, these flaws become elongated throughout the center of the bars. Source: Ref 2 More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 4.4 As-cast Al-7Si ingots showing the effects of grain refinement. (a) No grain refiner. (b) Grain refined. Both etched using Poulton’s etch; both 2×. Courtesy of W.G. Lidman, KB Alloys Inc. More
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 2.3 Solidification of ingots and large castings involves nucleation, growth of small surface grains, preferred growth of columnar grains, and finally, growth of smaller equiaxed grains. Reprinted with permission from Ref 2.5 More
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Published: 01 January 2022
Fig. 7.43 Casting rimmed steel and killed steel ingots More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Abstract This chapter describes the basic steps in the production of titanium ingots and their subsequent conversion to standards product forms. It explains how titanium ore is reduced to a spongy residue, then granularized, compacted, and melted (along with alloying additions) to form an ingot...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... Abstract The manufacture of all aluminum wrought products begins with an ingot or a continuous strip solidified from the liquid state. During molten metal processing (MMP), aluminum undergoes a series of operations that are described in this chapter including melting and alloying, recycling...