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Hydrogen damage and embrittlement

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., and hydride formation. Although many other theories have been presented, most are variations on these basic models. Pressure Theory The pressure theory of hydrogen damage, or more specifically, hydrogen embrittlement, is one of the oldest models for hydrogen damage ( Ref 2 ). This theory attributes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., and hydrogen damage (including hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen-induced blistering, high-temperature hydrogen attack, and hydride formation) Although these forms are presented in the context of aqueous corrosion, many of them are also operative at high temperature. For example, high-temperature corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... and Temper Embrittlement Nelson Curves Industry Experience with Failure Due to Hydrogen Attack Detection of Hydrogen Damage Factors Affecting Hydrogen Attack Cladding Integrity Subcritical Crack Growth High-Temperature Creep The concern over high-temperature creep properties arises...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... and stress rupture, stress corrosion, and hydrogen embrittlement. brittle fracture ductile fracture ductility residual stress stress-strain curve THE THREE TYPES OF IDEAL SUBSTANCES (as discussed in Chapter 1 ) are the Hooke solid, the St. Venant solid, and the Newtonian liquid. Under load...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... fractured at Scanning Electron Fractography the tack welded joint on both the port side and the starboard side. The failure of the pins was due to hydrogen embrittlement. Background Through macroexamination, it was found that one of the frac- tures was fresh without any damage or corrosion and with shiny...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... For stress-corrosion cracking, the stress is often externally applied. For hydrogen damage, liquid metal induced embrittlement, and solid metal induced embrittlement, the stress is induced by reactions with the environment. In the time between the publication of the first edition of this book...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
...-corrosion cracking, liquid metal embrittlement, and surface treatments. corrosion resistance crevice corrosion hydrogen embrittlement localized corrosion stress-corrosion cracking titanium alloys uniform corrosion Corrosion is a process that results in the degradation of a metal or an alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... tempering temperatures. Temper embrittlement and blue brittleness are just two of the common mechanisms that can occur from improper heat treatment and tempering operations. Cleaning, pickling, and electroplating operations can also cause potential failures or contribute to them. Hydrogen charging...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., localized corrosion, galvanic corrosion, intergranular corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen damage, and erosion-corrosion. In addition, the economic importance of cost-effective materials selection is also considered. materials selection corrosion control general corrosion localized...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... shortness associated with copper and overheating and burning as occur during forging. It addresses various types of embrittlement, including quench embrittlement, tempered-martensite embrittlement, liquid-metal-induced embrittlement, and hydrogen embrittlement, and concludes with a discussion on high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... in the upper burner area, horizontal or slanted tubes, and the heat-transfer regions at or adjacent to the welds are prone to hydrogen damage. Hydrogen attack or hydrogen damage is different from hydrogen embrittlement. Hydrogen attack is a high-pressure, high-temperature service-related failure, whereas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses common forms of corrosion, including uniform corrosion, galvanic corrosion, pitting, crevice corrosion, dealloying corrosion, intergranular corrosion, and exfoliation. It describes the factors that contribute to stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen embrittlement...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... there is a damaging environmental factor, such as absorption of hydrogen or hydrogen sulfide leading to hydrogen damage. In many other applications, exposure to relatively low temperature for the steel involved may be a real possibility and thus a real problem if the other contributing factors are likely...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... in petroleum refining, where hydrogen attack was observed. It documents the extent of the damage in each case and identifies the source of the hydrogen. coal-fired boilers hydrogen attack 17.1 Introduction Hydrogen attack can result in brittle fracture of a steel component during high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... of damage phenomena, such as embrittlement, creep, thermal fatigue, hot corrosion, oxidation, and erosion, can impair plant integrity at elevated temperatures. At lower temperatures, corrosion, erosion, pitting, corrosion fatigue, stress corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, and fatigue can play major roles...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... (cations) to the cathode. Negatively charged ions (anions) are simultaneously attracted to the anode. Charged ions are present in solutions of acids, alkalis, and salts. Water, especially saltwater, is an excellent electrolyte. In pure water, there are positively charged hydrogen ions (H + ) and negatively...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... A chemical substance that yields hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in water; also a substance that dissociates to produce a proton (H+) in any medium, that is, a proton donor. Compare with base. acid embrittlement. A form of hydrogen embrittlement that may be induced in some metals by acid. acid rain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
...) Monel, nickel, stainless steel, aluminum alloys, copper 0.1      (0) Monel, nickel, stainless steel, aluminum alloys; Copper, aluminum, magnesium, brass; Mild steel. Relative degree of hydrogen-environment embrittlement for classes of metals (<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t62860343-ref26">Jewett...