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Hydrogen damage and embrittlement

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., and hydrogen damage (including hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen-induced blistering, high-temperature hydrogen attack, and hydride formation) Although these forms are presented in the context of aqueous corrosion, many of them are also operative at high temperature. For example, high-temperature corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... and stress rupture, stress corrosion, and hydrogen embrittlement. brittle fracture ductile fracture ductility residual stress stress-strain curve THE THREE TYPES OF IDEAL SUBSTANCES (as discussed in Chapter 1 ) are the Hooke solid, the St. Venant solid, and the Newtonian liquid. Under load...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... , J. Inst. Met. , Vol 91 , 1963 31. Nelson H.G. , Williams D.P. , and Stein J.E. , Environmental Hydrogen Embrittlement of an α-β Titanium Alloy: Effect of Microstructure , Hydrogen Damage , Beachem C.D. , Ed., American Society for Metals , 1977 32. Nelson...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
.... (3) The material-damage mechanisms, and issues such as hydrogen attack, hydrogen embrittlement, creep, low-cycle fatigue, subcritical crack growth, and toughness, are identical. The principal differences between the two types of processes arise in the following areas. (1) The erosivity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
.... , Vol 110 , 1924 , p 9 – 60 53. Zapffe C.A. and Haslem M.E. , Acid Composition, Concentration Temperature and Pickling Time as Factors in the Hydrogen Embrittlement of Mild Steel and Stainless Steel Wire , Trans. ASM , Vol 39 , 1947 , p 213 – 236 54. Gustafson J.R...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... than one type of hydrogen damage. As noted, titanium and its alloys become embrittled by hydrogen at concentrations that produce a hydride phase in the matrix. The exact level of hydrogen at which a separate hydride phase is formed depends on the composition of the alloy and the previous metallurgical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... M.O. , Hydrogen Embrittlement of Aluminum Alloys , Hydrogen Damage , American Society for Metals , 1977 , p 329 – 351 67. Darken L.S. et al. , Behavior of Hydrogen in Steel During and After Immersion in Acid , Hydrogen Damage , American Society for Metals , 1977 , p 60 – 75...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... the external influence on the corrosion process is stress. For stress-corrosion cracking, the stress is often externally applied. For hydrogen damage, liquid metal induced embrittlement, and solid metal induced embrittlement, the stress is induced by reactions with the environment. In the time between...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... the presence of tensile stresses can often make a bad situation worse. Different mechanisms operate in different metals. Specific types of hydrogen damage include: Hydrogen embrittlement. This most often occurs in high-strength steels, primarily quenched and tempered and precipitation-hardened steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
..., such as embrittlement, creep, thermal fatigue, hot corrosion, oxidation, and erosion, can impair plant integrity at elevated temperatures. At lower temperatures, corrosion, erosion, pitting, corrosion fatigue, stress corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, and fatigue can play major roles. A list of key components, property...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
.... and Parvathavarthini N. , Hydrogen Embrittlement in Power Plant Steels , S¯adhan¯a Vol 28 , Parts 3 & 4 , June/Aug 2003 , p 431 – 451 6.12 Dooley R.B. and Bursik A. , Hydrogen Damage , Power Point Chemistry , Vol 12 ( No. 2 ), 2010 , p 122 – 127 6.13 Bain D...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... In pure water, there are positively charged hydrogen ions (H + ) and negatively charged hydroxyl ions (OH − ) in equal amounts. The metal undergoing electrochemical corrosion need not be immersed in a liquid but may be in contact with moist soil or may just have moist areas on the metal surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
.... Based on visual examination, SEM fractography, and chemical analysis, investigators concluded that the hinge pins were not made from the specified steel and were not properly treated after cadmium plating. The pins failed due to hydrogen embrittlement, which may have been aggravated by welding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... stress cracking, hydrogen-induced cracking, stress-oriented hydrogen-induced cracking, hydrogen embrittlement cracking, stress-corrosion cracking, velocity-accelerated corrosion, erosion-corrosion, and corrosion control is provided. petroleum refineries petrochemical plants materials selection...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
.... Temperature can be controlled in certain applications but not in others. For example, certain processing equipment may operate continually at elevated temperatures. In this case brittle fracture may not be a consideration unless there is a damaging environmental factor, such as absorption of hydrogen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
..., while subsequent laboratory tests of Charpy or Izod specimens show a transition temperature well below −18 °C (0 °F). The effects of size in fatigue, stress-corrosion, and hydrogen embrittlement testing are not well understood. However, on the basis of the limited evidence available, it appears...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... shortness associated with copper and overheating and burning as occur during forging. It addresses various types of embrittlement, including quench embrittlement, tempered-martensite embrittlement, liquid-metal-induced embrittlement, and hydrogen embrittlement, and concludes with a discussion on high...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... in petroleum refining, where hydrogen attack was observed. It documents the extent of the damage in each case and identifies the source of the hydrogen. coal-fired boilers hydrogen attack References 1. Daniel P. , Corrosion of Steam- and Water-Side of Boilers , Corrosion...