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High-temperature corrosion and oxidation

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... in environments where they are subjected to high-temperature corrosion, oxidation, and the erosive effects of hot gases. This chapter discusses the nature of these attacks and the effectiveness of various protection methods. It describes the primary forms of oxidation, the development of protective oxides...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
..., oxidation, and intergranular cracking after the exposure to the NH 3 -30%H 2 O gas mixture at 500 °C (930 °F) for 200 h. Source: Ref 40 Abstract Abstract Oxidation usually dominates high-temperature corrosion reactions, but under certain conditions, some alloys may be affected by nitridation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... with titanium to form the protective oxide. Strong oxidizing conditions (such as nitric acid, air at moderately high temperatures, and anodic treatments) promote corrosion resistance of titanium and its alloys through growth of the oxide film. Dissolved oxygen is an important inhibitor in hot or mildly reducing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter focuses on resistance characteristics and methods of protecting different forms of high-temperature gaseous corrosion, namely high-temperature oxidation, sulfidation, carburization, hydrogen effects, and hot corrosion. high-temperature gaseous corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... observed in alloys suffering hot corrosion attack. High-temperature alloys that suffered hot corrosion attack were generally found to exhibit both oxidation and sulfidation. The hot corrosion morphology is typically characterized by a thick, porous layer of oxides with the underlying alloy matrix...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
..., such as 201 and 301, which are generally used when high strength or high formability is the main objective; (2) chromium nickel alloys used for high temperature oxidation resistance; and (3) chromium, molybdenum, nickel, and nitrogen alloys used for applications where corrosion resistance is the main...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... by conditioning of the metal, by conditioning the environment, and by electrochemical control. Finally, the chapter deals with high-temperature oxidation that usually occurs in the absence of moisture. uniform corrosion galvanic corrosion pitting corrosion crevice corrosion erosion corrosion cavitation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... to stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen embrittlement, and corrosion fatigue and compares and contrasts their effects on mechanical properties, performance, and operating life. It also includes information on high-temperature oxidation and corrosion prevention techniques. References References 1...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract Nickel and nickel alloys have an excellent combination of corrosion, oxidation, and heat resistance, combined with good mechanical properties. Nickel alloys can be divided into alloys that combine corrosion and heat resistance, superalloys for high-temperature applications...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... strength. This chapter focuses on key process considerations and factors that helped nitriding gain acceptance. These factors include a low-temperature process, no quench requirement, minimal distortion, high hardness values, and resistance to oxidation. distortion hardness nitriding oxidation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... or Intergranular Corrosion Steels with chromium contents above 12% show high resistance to oxidation and corrosion and are generally designated as stainless steels. These steels are important in engineering in view of their resistance to oxidation and corrosion, mechanical properties at elevated temperatures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
..., and cobalt are the alloy bases for a majority of high-temperature alloys. Most high-temperature alloys rely on chromium to form a protective chromium oxide scale to resist oxidation and other high-temperature corrosion attack. When the sulfur potential is high enough, sulfides of iron, nickel, cobalt...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... techniques. Books and conference proceedings of the past had limited scope, usually covering a single issue (creep, hot corrosion, etc.). No attempt has been made to pull together all of the issues that affect the reliability of high-temperature components. Further...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... low-alloy ferritic stainless. AL 466 is recognized as S40930 Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the alloy composition, metallurgy, mechanical behavior, stabilization, texture, anisotropy, high-temperature properties, and corrosion and oxidation resistance of ferritic stainless steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... (including hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen-induced blistering, high-temperature hydrogen attack, and hydride formation). All these forms are addressed in this chapter in the context of aqueous corrosion. For each form, a general description is provided along with information on the causes and the list...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... , 1965 ]. 26.1 Beryllium in Gaseous Atmospheres 26.2 High-Temperature Corrosion-Resistant Alloys References References Aylmore D.W. , Gregg S.J. , and Jepson W.B. , 1960 . The High Temperature Oxidation of Beryllium, Part I: In Dry Oxygen , J. Nucl. Mater. , Vol 2 , p...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... 281 10.1016/0043-1648(85)90026-2 14. Nagarajan V. and Wright I.G. , Influence of Oxide Scales on High Temperature Corrosion Erosion Behavior of Alloys , High Temperature Corrosion , Rapp R.A. , Ed., Conf. Proc. ( San Diego, CA ), March 2–6, 1981 , NACE, 1981 , p 398...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.9781627083041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of commercially pure nickel, Nickel 201 (N02201), have been used to handle elevated-temperature caustic environments. High-Temperature Corrosion The various types of attack by high-temperature gases usually are referred to as oxidation, sulfidation, carburization, nitriding, and halogen-gas corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... temperature cannot, in general, be isolated from the moisture effect, because most of the more tropical exposure sites are also in regions with high humidity. One exception is arid Phoenix, AZ. Atmospheric Corrosion of Various Metals The average atmospheric corrosion rates of various metals for 10 year...