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High-carbon steel (alloy steel)

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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 3 Oxidation of carbon steel and high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steel in air. Source: Ref 2 More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 3.7 Oxidation of carbon steel and high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steel in air. Source: Ref 13 , reproduced from Ref 14 More
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Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 5-29 Multiplying factors for alloying elements in high-carbon steels quenched from 830 °C (1525 °F). See text for discussion of Si*. Source: Ref 50 More
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Published: 01 January 1998
Fig. 5-30 Multiplying factors for alloying elements in high-carbon steels quenched from 927 °C (1700 °F). See text for discussion of Si*. Source: Ref 50 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... and how to improve them. alloying elements carbon steel high strength steel low-alloy steel mechanical strength steel products toughness MODERN SOCIETY as we know it would not exist without steel. All steels are fundamentally alloys of iron and carbon, with the possible addition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... Abstract The high-carbon, high-chromium tool steels, designated as group D steels in the AISI classification system, are the most highly alloyed cold-work steels. This chapter describes the microstructures and hardenability of high-carbon, high-chromium tool steels and discusses the processes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... the CCT diagram to the right to achieve longer times for its “knee.” The shift can be accomplished by increasing the carbon content and adding small amounts of alloying elements. Figure 2.15 shows a shifted CCT diagram for high-strength, low-alloy (HSLA) steel AISI/SAE 4340 obtained by increasing carbon...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... steels high-fracture-toughness steels maraging steels austenitic manganese steels high-strength low-alloy steels dual-phase steels transformation-induced plasticity steels nominal composition ALTHOUGH PLAIN CARBON STEELS are widely used, they are not adequate for all engineering applications...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... overlaps the technology of carbon and low-alloy carbon steels, produced in large tonnages, which may be hardened by quench and tempering heat treatments. Although this association between tool steels and other hardenable steels is true, most texts on tool steels exclude treatment of the high-tonnage bar...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
.... high-strength low-alloy steel microalloying Composition Introduction and Overview High-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steels, or microalloyed steels, are designed to provide better mechanical properties and/or greater resistance to atmospheric corrosion than conventional carbon steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... edge Alloy Steels Alloy steels evolved from carbon steels as a way to improve hardenability. Hardenability is the ease with which a steel can harden and the hardened structure depth from the surface after the steel hardens. If a steel has high hardenability, it does not mean...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... The general category of carbon and low-alloy steels encompasses plain carbon steels, alloy steels, high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steels, and a variety of other low-alloy steels. Each of these subcategories is described in the following sections. Plain Carbon Steels The more commonly used steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... include water-hardening; shock-resisting; oil-hardening cold-work; air-hardening, medium-alloy cold-work; high-carbon, high-chromium cold-work; low-alloy, special-purpose; mold; hot-work; and high-speed tool steels. air-hardening tool steel annealing austenitizing high-carbon tool steel high...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
.... Producing ferrochromium was a historic event, because it can be added to molten iron to produce stainless steel (containing 10 to 30% chromium). Berthier’s ferrochromium contained 17 to 60% chromium and had a very high carbon content. Although not realized at the time, this high carbon content would...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... precise specifications. Carbon, microalloyed, and alloy steels are used for components requiring critical and stringent levels of ductility, strength, toughness, fatigue resistance, high-temperature creep resistance, fracture resistance, oxidation resistance, and wear resistance. These steels are also...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... of various alloy carbides relative to the hardness of martensite and cementite (Fe 3 C), the carbide typically found in plain carbon and low-alloy carbon steels. As shown, the precipitated metal carbides such as MC and M 2 C attain very high hardness, and they contribute significant wear resistance to tool...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... steels. The high carbon and alloy contents of tool steels are used to produce very high strength and hardness by the formation of crystalline phases such as martensite and various carbides. The phases are arranged into microstructures by solidification or powder processing, hot rolling, and heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... be classified in a number of ways depending on the basis of classification. A brief list of some of the criteria used for classification of steels ( Ref 3.7 ) includes: Composition—plain carbon, low-alloy, and high-alloy steels Principle alloying element present—Ni steel, Cr steel, Cr-Ni steel, or Cr...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses the alloy composition, metallurgy, mechanical behavior, stabilization, texture, anisotropy, high-temperature properties, and corrosion and oxidation resistance of ferritic stainless steels. ferritic stainless steels alloy composition mechanical behavior...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... Identifying symbol Water-hardening tool steels W Shock-resisting tool steels S Oil-hardening cold-work tool steels O Air-hardening, medium-alloy cold-work tool steels A High-carbon, high-chromium cold-work tool steels D Mold steels P Hot-work tool steels, chromium, tungsten...