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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
...Abstract Abstract This chapter describes two types of auxiliary equipment required in most induction heating installations: cooling systems and device timers. Water- and vapor-based systems used for cooling the power supply and the induction coil are described. The chapter concludes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... generator. Source: Ref 13 Fig. 3 Small batch-type furnace. Note steel frame, insulating brick, electrical resistors, and rolltop table in front of furnace for handling work. Source: Ref 3 Abstract Abstract This chapter, a detailed account of furnaces and related equipment for heat...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... of cost elements enter into the analysis. These include equipment and energy costs, production lot size and ease of automation, material savings, labor costs, and maintenance requirements. This chapter discusses each of these factors. It compares the cost elements of induction heating with those of its...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... temperature, and so forth. The major applications of induction technology include through heating, surface heating (for surface heat treatment), metal melting, welding, brazing, and soldering. This chapter summarizes the selection of equipment and related design considerations for these applications...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... the development and marketing of a large number of completely automated heating/handling/control systems by induction equipment manufacturers. Power supplies, coil design, and controls for these systems have been covered in previous chapters. This chapter deals with materials handling and automation. Basic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... times, the high heating rates of induction are needed for processing nonconductors. This chapter describes broad methods of accomplishing such objectives: modification of the field of magnetic induction, use of devices to prevent auxiliary equipment or certain portions of a workpiece from being heated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... 18.6 5 10 12 7.11–9.14 0.280–0.360 7.8 15.5 18.6 5 10 12 Note: This table is based on use of proper frequency and normal overall operating efficiency of equipment. Values may be used for static and progressive methods of heating; however, for some applications, higher inputs can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... temperatures for carbon and alloy steels Table 3 Approximate induction austenitizing temperatures for carbon and alloy steels Carbon content, % Temperature for furnace heating Temperature for induction heating °C °F °C °F 0.30 845–870 1550–1600 900–925 1650–1700 0.35 830–855...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... with accurate control of the working temperature and strain rate. It describes the materials typically used as well as equipment and tooling, die heating procedures, part separation techniques, and postforging heat treatment. forgings hot-die forging isothermal forging nickel alloys titanium alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
...Abstract Abstract Besides the induction coil and workpiece, the induction generator (source of ac power) is probably the most important component of an overall induction heating system. Such equipment is typically rated in terms of its frequency and maximum output power (in kilowatts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides a discussion of nitriding furnace equipment and control systems. The discussion covers the essential design criteria of the furnace, types of nitriding furnaces, insulation for the reduction of furnace heat losses, and factors influencing furnace...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... power sources for induction heating Power source Frequency range Power range Efficiency, % Features Line frequency 60 Hz 100 kW to 100 MW 90–95 High efficiency; low cost; no complex equipment; deep current penetration Motor-generator 500 Hz to 10 kHz 10 kW to 1 MW 75–85 Low...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... of light: bulb life is usually short (six hours), and considerable heat is generated. Fig. 10 General lighting devices. Source: Ref 1 When considering such equipment, it is wise to choose the sturdiest available. Two things to look for are heavy-duty swivel adjustments on the light head...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
...Incremental (scan) versus static contour gear hardening by dual-frequency induction heating: Sample gear development data Table 10.1 Incremental (scan) versus static contour gear hardening by dual-frequency induction heating: Sample gear development data Characteristic Data Gear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter reviews the major marine applications of stainless steels, including the desalination equipment, shipping containers, and heat exchangers that handle seawater. stainless steels desalination equipment shipping containers heat exchangers Summary...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... to as box annealing. Blue annealing In this process, hot rolled ferrous sheet is heated in an open furnace to a temperature within the transformation range and then cooled in air. The formation of a bluish oxide on the surface is incidental. Box annealing Refers to heating steel in a sealed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
..., and the influence of equipment-related parameters such as press speed, contact time, and tooling geometries. forging heat transfer temperature 6.1 Introduction In metal forming processes, both plastic deformation and friction contribute to heat generation. Approximately 90 to 95% of the mechanical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
... Carburizing: Processing and Equipment As shown in Fig. 1(a) , it is estimated that 90% of gear carburizing is performed in a carbonaceous gas atmosphere. In this type of carburizing, carbon is induced into the ferrous base material heated in the gaseous atmosphere with a carbon potential that allows...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... molding 0.1–200 High, 50–125 features 0.1–5 0.004–0.2 High production rate, hard tooling Slip casting 10–1000 High 1–3 0.04–0.12 Slow, low precision, porous mold Slurry casting 50–40,000 High 10–50 0.4–2.0 Heated slurry cast into mold Tape casting 0.1–100 Simple, flat sheet...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
...-polypropylene, polyoxymethylene-polyethylene Key function Green strength Tool lubrication Shape retention Capital equipment comparison for binder removal, rationalized to 1 kg/h (2.2 lb/h), reported in U.S. dollars Table 7.5 Capital equipment comparison for binder removal, rationalized to 1 kg...