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Heat exchanger tubes

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... , and Weckworth M.K. , Heat Exchanger Tube Fretting Wear: Corrosion of Tube Motion and Wear , Materials Evaluations Under Fretting Conditions , STP 780, American Society for Testing and Materials , 1981 , p 86 – 105 10.1520/STP29398S 10. Waterhouse R.B. , Fretting Corrosion , Pergamon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... corrosion resistance, these are often overlaid with stainless steels such as type 347. Other applications for low-alloy steels are furnace tubes, heat-exchangers shells, piping, and separator drums. Stainless Steels Stainless steels are extensively used in petrochemical plants because of the highly...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... steels. Materials selection should be based on careful testing in the specific service environment anticipated. Fig. 20 Severe localized corrosion on a type 316 stainless steel heat exchanger tube. Attack occurred beneath deposits, which were removed to show wastage. Source: Nalco Chemical Company...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...; pumps; valves, especially flow control and pressure let-down valves; centrifuges; tubular heat exchangers; impellers; and turbine blades. Surface films that form on some metals and alloys are very important in their ability to enhance resistance to liquid erosion-corrosion. Titanium is a reactive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... Heat Exchanger Tubes Example 3: Microbiological Corrosion of Butt Welds in Water Tanks <xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t51820043-ref18">(Ref 18)</xref> Sigma Precipitation in HAZs Corrosion Associated with Postweld Cleaning Corrosion Associated with Weld Backing Rings Effects of GTA Weld...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Reliable Heat Exchanger Tube Materials—Factors to Consider ,” API Power Chem 2014 , Queensland , May 27 , 2014 4.22 Janikowski D.S. , “ Selecting Tubing Materials for Power Generation Heat Exchangers ,” Southwest Chemistry Workshop , Irving, Texas , July 28 – 31 , 2003 4.23...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... factor. In some instances, the fouling factor was 75% lower than expected. The metal is functional in many marine applications because of the good corrosion resistance and high fracture toughness. Unalloyed metal has been used as heat exchangers, tubing, and pumps. The Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-6Al-2Nb-1Ta...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... be designed to prevent hot vapor pockets ( Fig. 4 ). In general, the open ends of inlets, outlets, and tubes in heat exchangers should be flush with tank walls or tubesheets to avoid buildup of harmful corrodents, sludges, and deposits ( Fig. 5 ). This is also true of tank bottom and drainage designs ( Fig. 6...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
.... 3.28 Cyclic oxidation tests at 1150 °C (2100 °F) for 1640 h in air, with specimens cycling to room temperature every 164 h for Type 310, RA85H, 800H, 353MA, RA330, and nickel-base alloys 600 and RA333. Source: Ref 33 Fig. 3.22 Type 321 heat-exchanger tubes, which were manufactured by two...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... glycol, the additives in antifreeze reduce the resistivity of the coolant and thus cause problems in hose columns. Many water-base cooling systems make use of a heat exchanger, especially those which use distilled water as the coolant. In distilled-water systems, tap water is passed through the tubes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... in water also lead to the fouling of heat transfer surfaces and eventually lead to failure of the tubes by overheating ( Ref 7.1 ). Therefore, quality control of the boiler water is of utmost importance and can be ensured through control of the chemistry of the water entering the boiler. The purposes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... similar properties. Cadmium also imparts wear resistance, a useful property for sliding electrical contacts. Arsenic improves resistance to both corrosion and high-temperature oxidation; these properties are required for products such as heat-exchanger tubing. Tellurium-bearing coppers (C14500 and C14510...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... • Puyear R.B. , Materials Selection Criteria for Chemical Processing Equipment , Metal Progress , Feb 1978 , p 40 – 46 • Puyear R.B. , Materials Selection Criteria for Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers for Use in the Process Industry , Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers , Apblett W.R...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... observed on heat exchanger tubes at tube supports and at bolted or riveted joints in structures such as truck bodies. The condition appears to be more likely to develop when aluminum contacts aluminum rather than when aluminum contacts a dissimilar metal. In service, this type of damage has been controlled...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... dimensions in mm. Source: S. Lampman, ASM International Another test, which has been used to a lesser extent, is the C-ring test ( Fig. 6b ), which is especially convenient for testing of materials produced in the form of thin-wall tubes, such as ceramic heat exchangers. In such cases, a slice...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... of a crash, corrugated section with the transition to the steering column was manufactured from an extruded tube. The corrugated region is heat treated to a strength of F 22 to F 25. Source: Alusuisse Fig. 2.22 Rear window frame of the Mercedes W124 manufactured from extruded aluminum sections...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... on the plates or tubes of the heat exchangers, which reduce the ability of the heat exchangers to extract heat. It is recommended that, depending upon the hardness of the water being used, the heat exchangers be cleaned. Plate-type heat exchangers are easier to clean than tube-type exchangers. One type...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... containers, building products, heat-exchanger tubing, and other general uses requiring good corrosion resistance. The alloys in this series contain primarily silicon, up to 14%. Because of their low melting points, these alloys are used primarily for braze and weld filler applications. These alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... to the boiler. The presence of either of these chemicals can cause corrosion of the boiler tubes. The failure of any process equipment such as heat exchangers and pumps is normally a source for ingress of oils and process chemicals into the condensate system. Once the condensate system is contaminated...