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Hard-drawn carbon steel

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
.... The carbon in solution in the ferrite then contributes to dynamic strain aging or to strain aging if wire is given subsequent low-temperature heat treatments. Fracture Mechanisms of Patented and Drawn Steel Wire As noted, fully pearlitic microstructures are capable of intensive wire drawing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
.... On very severe forming, intermediate annealing may be required to either enhance ductility or reduce required pressure. Stainless steel in the as-drawn condition will have residual stress and may have sufficient hardness to be susceptible to delayed failure if placed in a corrosive environment. Bright...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... strength Elongation in 2 in., % Reduction in area, % Hardness, HB MPa ksi MPa ksi 1010 Hot rolled 325 47 180 26 28 50 95 Cold drawn 365 53 305 44 20 40 105 1020 Hot rolled 380 55 205 30 25 50 111 Cold drawn 420 61 350 51 15 40 121 1025 Hot rolled...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... strength Yield strength Elongation, in 50 mm (2 in.), % Reduction in area, % Hardness, HB MPa ksi MPa ksi 405 Annealed bar 480 70 275 40 30 60 150 Cold drawn bar 585 85 480 70 20 60 185 409 Annealed bar 450 65 240 35 25 …   75 HRB 430 Annealed bar 515 75...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... Abstract This chapter covers the fundamentals of heat treating. It begins with a review of the composition, classification, and properties of iron and steel, the phases of the iron-carbon system, and the basic types of heat treatments. It then discusses the topics of hardness and hardenability...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... show there is little difference in quench crack propensity between a fine-grained and a coarse-grained steel. Medium-carbon steels are often quenched with water or low-polymer water quenchants to produce high hardness, and they are susceptible to cracks if they are not handled properly. At high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
... to flame hardening Material Typical hardness, HRC, as affected by quenchant Air (a) Water (b) Plain carbon steels 1025–1035 ... 33–50 1040–1050 ... 55–60 1055–1075 50–60 60–63 1080–1095 55–62 62–65 1125–1137 ... 45–55 1138–1144 45–55 55–62 1146–1151 50...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... are unusually good. High sulfur content reduces transverse impact and ductility. Can be drawn by heavy drafts at elevated temperature, 370 °C (700 °F), which results in relatively high strength and high hardness, up to 35 HRC. Machinability is excellent. Widely used for producing machined parts put in service...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
...% compression, which is equivalent approximately to the average compressive strain in the material beneath a hardness indentation. This yield stress may be called the equivalent yield stress ( Y e ). Tabor then showed that: HV   ~   2.8 Y e The net result for steels is that the HV...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
... Recommended maximum surface hardness and effective case depth hardness vs. carbon percent for induction-hardened gears Fig. 9.1 Variations in hardening patterns obtainable on gear teeth by induction hardening Abstract Some gears may need to be hardened only at the surface without altering...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... (12) 2 Steel, 1.00% carbon  Hot-rolled 570 (83) 930 (135) 200 (29) 85 (12) 10  Oil-quenched, not drawn 965 (140) 1515 (220) 200 (29) 85 (12) 1 Nickel steel, 3.5% nickel, 0.40% carbon, max. hardness for machinability 1035 (150) 1170 (170) 200 (29) 85 (12) 12...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
...Feeds and speeds for the shaving of carbon and low-alloy steel gears with high-speed steel tools Table 1 Feeds and speeds for the shaving of carbon and low-alloy steel gears with high-speed steel tools Material Hardness, HB Condition Gear tooth size Feed per revolution of gear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
..., 0.04 S max (d) 0.15–0.35 Si Mechanical properties of selected gear steels Table 3 Mechanical properties of selected gear steels Steel Condition Tensile strength Yield strength Elongation, in 50 mm, % Reduction in area, % Hardness, HB MPa ksi MPa ksi Carbon steel bar...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... (700 °F), which results in relatively high strength and high hardness, up to 35 HRC. Machinability is excellent. Widely used for producing machined parts put in service without heat treatment. Can be purchased in the cold-drawn condition and heat treated. Depending on precise carbon content...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
..., Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil. Fig. 12.37 Longitudinal cross section of a AISI 1006 steel wire cold drawn from 5.5 to 1.15 mm (0.2 to 0.06 in.) diameter. (a) As drawn (cold worked), hardness 249 HV 100 gf. (b) Annealed, hardness 135 HV 100 gf. The hardness impressions, performed with the same load...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... of various steels after exposure for many hours at temperatures above red heat. Temper colors appear at approximately twice the temperature of ordinary carbon steels, for the higher heats, so that the temper should be drawn to a definite temperature in a bath or furnace instead of drawing to a color...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... , as well as blisters and slag inclusions in hot rolled products. For products that are cold drawn, die scratches may be added. Most flaws in steel bars can be traced back to the pouring of the hot metal into molds. Factors that work against obtaining a perfect homogeneous product...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... the carbon range of the group, strength and hardness will increase with an increase in carbon and with cold work. Such increases in strength are at the sacrifice of ductility or the ability to withstand cold deformation. When under 0.15% C, the steels are susceptible to grain growth and consequent...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... being cut. D decarburization (decarb). A surface condition on steel parts for which the surface has lower carbon content. The carbon has burned out during the original making or subsequent heat treating of the steel. A heat-­ treated part with this condition will have lower hardness on the surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.9781627083119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9