1-20 of 361 Search Results for

Gases

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... in environments where they are subjected to high-temperature corrosion, oxidation, and the erosive effects of hot gases. This chapter discusses the nature of these attacks and the effectiveness of various protection methods. It describes the primary forms of oxidation, the development of protective oxides...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
..., and other gases, causing the formation of oxides as well as sulfides in most alloys. The third environment, for which less data exists, contains either SO2 or O2-SO2 mixtures. References References 1. Lai G.Y. , J. Met. , July 1985 , p 14 2. Swales G.L. , in Behavior...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
..., submerged arc welding, gas metal arc welding, gas tungsten arc welding, plasma arc welding, plasma-GMAW welding, electroslag welding, and electrogas welding. The basic characteristics of gases used for shielding during arc welding are briefly discussed. electrogas welding electroslag welding flux...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... defects, and the need for contaminant-free surfaces and atmospheres. It describes common forms of fusion, arc, and solid-state welding along with the use of filler metals, shielding gases, and stress-relief treatments. It also discusses the practice of titanium brazing and the role of filler metals...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
...Abstract Abstract The overall chemical composition of metals and alloys is most commonly determined by x-ray fluorescence (XRF) and optical emission spectroscopy (OES). High-temperature combustion and inert gas fusion methods are typically used to analyze dissolved gases (oxygen, nitrogen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... martensitic transformations at very low temperatures are discussed. In particular, the martensitic transformations and their effects in austenitic stainless steels, iron-nickel alloys, practical superconductors, alkali metals, solidified gases, and polymers are discussed. alkali metals alloy systems...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the compatibility problems that arise from chemical or physical interactions between liquefied gases and the common materials used in their production, storage, transportation, distribution, and use. The discussion covers the compatibility of materials...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... they are driven by Gibbs energy changes. It plots the energy of formation for many important metal oxides and explains how to construct isothermal stability diagrams to analyze complex reactions involving metals, alloys, and gases containing more than one reactive component. gas-metal systems isothermal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
.... Information on the gases and gas mixtures used for controlled atmospheres is then provided. The second part of the chapter focuses on the processes involved in normalizing, along with information on furnace equipment for normalizing. In addition, the chapter includes information on processes involved...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... on the stability of surface layers and processes involved in the degradation of surface finish and control of the compound zone formation. Gases primarily used for ion nitriding and the control parameters used in ion nitriding are also covered. The chapter also presents the philosophies and advantages...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... there are hot combustion gases, whereas on the shell side there is water). The tubes are submerged in water so that the hot combustion gases can pass through the tubes several times, thereby transferring their heat across the tube walls to the water filling the outer shell. As a result of this, the water...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... powder (~200 mesh), so as to facilitate its complete combustion during the combustion process. A portion of the primary air is heated by means of heat from the flue gases and then mixed with cold air as per the requirements of the PC. Normally the temperature is maintained at 60 to 70 °C (140 to 160 °F...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... machining process, with propagation directed to the internal diameter Fig. 19 Sample that was analyzed Fig. 12 Internal porosity formed from the surface Fig. 7 Typical morphology of a defect called a pinhole, caused by gases Fig. 1 Sharp edge elimination. (a) Sharp...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Fig. 6.126 Erosion and longitudinal rupture of boiler tube due to misaligned soot blower Fig. 6.127 (a) Eroded surface of a screen tube near bend. (b) SEM image of area eroded due to furnace gases containing fly ash, 100× Fig. 6.131 Superheater tube cut by steam leaking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... gases usually are referred to as oxidation, sulfidation, carburization, nitriding, and halogen-gas corrosion. In oxidizing, sulfidizing, and carburizing gases, high chromium contents, such as in type 310 (25% Cr, S31000) or its cast variant HK (J94224), improve resistance to attack. In addition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... mil (1 μm) thick layer of pyrolytic graphite is deposited on a resistance-heated carbon substrate to provide a smooth surface and control its electrical conductivity. The coated substrate is then chemically vapor deposited using a mixture of silane and hydrogen gases. When the substrate exits...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... to a mass production industry by its embracing the needs of the automotive market. An exhaust system normally consists of a manifold to collect exhaust gases, a catalytic converter to reduce NO x and CO emissions, and a muffler; each of these are connected by piping. Each component of the system has...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... is generally initiated by sulfur. The dew point of sulfuric acid depends on the exact concentration of sulfur trioxide in the flue gases and decreases with an increasing concentration of sulfur trioxide, but is normally below 150 °C (between 120 and 150 °C, or 250 and 300 °F). The factors governing acid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... antifrictional properties. The published patent revealed that the gaseous atmosphere consisted of ammonia and hydrocarbon or other carbon-containing gases of unspecified proportions and that the treatment was undertaken in the temperature range of 450 to 590 °C (840 to 1095 °F). During the 1960s, further...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
.... When the material reaches the decomposition temperature, one or more of the following types of products is evolved: Combustible gases (CH 4 , C 2 H 6 , CO, acetone, etc.) Noncombustible gases (CO 2 , HCl, HBr, H 2 O) Liquids Solids (ash, char) Entrained solid particles or polymer...