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Fuel lines

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Published: 01 August 1999
Fig. 6 Corrosion (a) of aluminum alloy 6061-T6 aircraft fuel line (arrow). (b) Close-up of corrosion on fuel line. Note pitting and corrosion products. (c) Intergranular corrosion of the fuel line at area A from (a) More
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Published: 01 September 2008
, propelling engine fragments into the fuselage. The fragments severed the right engine main fuel line, which resulted in a fire that rapidly engulfed the cabin area. Source: Ref 4 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... environments as described in the following example. Example 1: Aircraft Fuel Line IGC Inspections revealed fuel line corrosion beneath ferrules ( Fig. 6 ). The cause of the corrosion was traced to the fuel line marking process, which involved electrolytic labeling of ferruled aluminum alloy 6061-T6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... the fuel line, causing an inflight fire and resulting in a serious accident. All the occupants of the aircraft died and the aircraft was a total loss. Investigations revealed that the subject steel disc had been made by conventional air melting followed by casting, forging, and machining to shape. Air...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... system 1918: Fruehauf Trailer Company founded 1933: Aluminum railroad cars at Chicago World Fair 1934: First aluminum hopper car , B&O Railroad 1935: The Comet , aluminum-intensive three-car train from Boston to Providence 1941–1945: Tanker trucks for military aircraft fuel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... process and equipment. Iron is present in iron ore as iron oxide, contaminated with impurities. Iron oxide is reduced to metallic iron in a blast furnace by using coke as fuel and a reducing agent and limestone as a fluxing agent. A blast of air is blown into the lower section of the furnace...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... for methanol and ethanol modified fuels Epoxy (polyamide) Superior to amine-cured epoxies for water resistance. Excellent adhesion, gloss, hardness impact, and abrasion resistance. More flexible and tougher than amine-cured epoxies. Temperature resistance: 105 °C (225 °F) dry; 65 °C (150 °F) wet Cross...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... Energy costs are determined by the base fuel cost and the over-all efficiency of the heating system. On the average, electricity costs about 3.5 times as much as natural gas in recent years ( Fig. 12.1 ). However, heating-system efficiencies can mitigate this difference in fuel cost. Efficiency...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... for wreckage buried 152 m (500 ft) deep and scattered over 259 km 2 (100 square mi.) of Mediterranean sea floor. Meanwhile, a special investigating committee recommended some 50 modifications to the Comet, all preventative measures based on possible but unproven midair explosion theories. Fuel lines were...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... nation. The sources of fuel for power generation fall under the category of either nonrenewable energy sources such as coal, natural gas, oil, and nuclear; or renewable energy sources such as hydro, wind, solar, biomass, geothermal, and marine. Since 1970, the world has seen rapid growth in energy demand...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Abstract Boilers are engineered systems designed to convert the chemical energy in fuel into heat to generate hot water or steam. This chapter describes boiler applications and types, including firetube boilers, watertube boilers, electric boilers, packaged boilers, fluidized bed combustion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... during the War of 1812 increased demand for iron but did little to change the nature of making it. The United States continued to use charcoal as fuel for reducing iron ore in the blast furnace. This was a matter not of backward technology but of availability. Massive deposits of bituminous coal lay...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... to minimize the probability of a fire, the engineer responsible for materials selection must recognize that a fire or temperature excursions may occur and that the equipment is expected to retain its integrity in order to avoid fueling the fire. This often limits the application of materials with low melting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... organization develops and implements initiatives offering steel solutions, based on innovative designs and advanced new steels, to address challenges facing automakers to increase fuel efficiency, reduce emissions, increase safety, and maintain affordability of vehicles. The automotive industry responds...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
.... Other gasses such as a propane-air mix may be used for the heating process. The advantages of fuel-fired heating include: Flexibility to switch between various fuels with a simple orifice change Ability to recover heat from the exhaust gases with a recuperator device Faster heat-up times...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
.... These vacuum processes are usually the last step before the metal is cast. Energy Conservation The foundry industry is very conscious of the cost of energy and tries to minimize its use. Some sources of heat are more economical than others, and the metallic charge is often preheated with gas fuel so...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract Irradiation-assisted stress-corrosion cracking (IASCC) has been a topic of engineering interest since it was first reported in the 1960s, having been observed in stainless steel cladding on light water reactor fuel elements. This chapter summarizes the results of decades...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... components trucks rail transport Summary THE ADEQUATE DURABILITY and life span of cars, trucks, or any transport system requires freedom from corrosion. This has required subsystems, such as those for exhaust and fuel, to resist more corrosive environments for longer periods of time. The main...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... turbines. Other applications include fuel cells, photocatalytic and anti-microbial coatings, and biomaterials or biotechnology uses. These technologies are not sufficiently mature to meet industrial standards and customer needs. However, collaboration among researchers will provide understanding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... Car 65. Source: Thum, The Book of Stainless Steels , 1935 , p 429 As with many new models of automobiles, Reading Car 65 was plagued with problems from the start. On the second day of service, the fuel line became plugged, and the car had to be towed back to the shop at Budd. In the first six...