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Fresh water

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... Abstract Aluminum generally has excellent resistance to corrosion and gives years of maintenance-free service in natural atmospheres, fresh waters, seawater, many soils and chemicals, and most foods. This chapter explains why aluminum and aluminum alloys are naturally resistant to corrosion...
Image
Published: 01 July 2000
corrosion of a type 304 stainless steel pipe used for untreated fresh water. Underlying pits completely penetrate the wall thickness. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... resistance Oxidation resistance Typical applications S40300 S40300 is resistant to the corrosive action of the atmosphere, fresh water, and various alkalis and mild acids but is not recommended where resistance to severe corrodents is a prime factor. S40300 does not possess the superior corrosion...
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Published: 01 August 2018
etching. 30 ± 2 ml of solution (#1) (1 g Na 2 S 2 O 5 (sodium metabisulfite) + 100 ml distilled water and 30 ± 2 ml of solution (#2) (4 g dry picric acid + 100 ml ethanol). Immerse for 10 to 20 s, wash with ethanol, and dry with fresh air. More details in the original reference. Reproduced More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
.... For the output of fresh water, lesser alloying is required. Stainless steel types 304 (UNS S30400), 316 (UNS S31600), 2101 (UNS S32101), 2003 (UNS S32003), or even 439 (UNS S43035) may be used depending on the combination of salinity and temperature of the output water. Besides their high corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... in the grains in the blade material, compared with the dovetail material, can give it better stress-corrosion resistance. Conclusion The damages observed on both the rotors can be attributed to SCC of dovetail mountings. Recommendations The rotors should be subjected to fresh water compressor wash...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... to those of quenched and tempered martensites at the same hardness level. Their early work evaluated the hardness of steels transformed completely at isothermal temperatures and is summarized in Fig. 12.4 . The hardness of fresh martensite at room temperature is found in the upper left of the figure...
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Published: 01 January 2000
to convert the normally adherent and insoluble zinc carbonates into zinc sulfite and zinc sulfate. These sulfur compounds are water soluble and adhere poorly to the zinc surface. They are removed by rain with relative ease, exposing a fresh zinc surface to additional corrosion. In general, zinc dissipates More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
...) (100) (111) Comments Deform then age samples 20 min at 100-200X to decorate dislocations. Electropolish sample, then etch with solution at left (Fry's reagent) for 10 s (Hahn and Sapey). Chemically polish samples in 5 mL HF, 80 mL H 2 0 2 (30 and 15 mL water. Etch in nital. Reveals both fresh and aged...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
..., can be heated to 122°F (50°C). Use fresh. Rinse samples in 5% aq. HNO,. Outlines constituents except Al3Mg2 and (AlCrFe). Vilella's reagent, general-purpose reagent. Immerse sample first in boiling water, then in etch for up to 15 s. General-purpose etch, reveals grain structure. 0.5, 1, 5, or 25 g...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230493
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... 27.2.2 Beryllium Recovery The copper-depleted solution is mixed with additional scrap beryllium solutions and diluted to 1 g Be/L with either fresh water or recycled raffinate. Caustic is added to adjust the pH of the solution to 1.0 ± 0.1. Beryllium is extracted into a kerosene solution...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... (Beaujard). Grind through 600-grit SiC. Immerse sample for 5 min at 20°C (Marshall). Prepolish sample through 6-(j.m diamond. Swab with fresh solution at 20-25°C for 4-10 s. Flush immediately with cold water (Christ and Smith). 3mLHF 97 mL H 2 0 2 (30%) Adjust HF concentration to obtain gas evolution. Good...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... of the weld); C, corrosion resistance in continuous or alternate immersion of fresh or salt water, T, performance in service at sustained temperatures >65 °C (>150 °F); M, color match after anodizing. (b) No filler suitable. Note: Combinations having no ratings are not recommended. Source...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... mLHF 69 mL H 2 0 10 mL HC1 2 mL HNO3 88 mL H 2 0 20 mL HNO3 10 mL H 2 S 0 4 20 mL H 2 0 Remarks Developed by Vilella. Use fresh solution with polished surface. Warm sample in water before etching. Repolishing and reetching sometimes improves contrast. Use at 160-180°F. Mix HC1 and H 2 0 , heat to 160...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...× Immersion of any solid surface in a natural aqueous environment, such as seawater or fresh water from lakes, rivers, streams, and ponds, initiates a continuous and dynamic process, beginning with adsorption of nonliving, dissolved organic material and continuing through the formation of bacterial and algal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... for butt welds); D, ductility (rating based on free bend elongation of the weld); C, corrosion resistance in continuous or alternate immersion of fresh or salt water, T, performance in service at sustained temperatures >65 °C (>150 °F); M, color match after anodizing. Note: Combinations having...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
.... Use Detects oxygen-rich regions, which appear high against a dark background. Remarks Care must be taken when making up the solution because the reaction is strongly exothermic. The reagent must be used when fresh. Progress of the etch can be judged visually from the dark-blue film...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...) × ∑ z i 2 C i D i Δ ϕ / L Test solution resistivity Table 2 Test solution resistivity Test solution Ratio by volume Resistivity, ohm-cm Natural Seawater … 25 Fresh (tap) water adjusted with seawater 28:1 500 Fresh (tap) water adjusted with seawater 68:l...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... procedure, the deposited copper should be inspected to ensure it does not contain pinholes. In addition, if too much plated work is processed for short cycles through the cyanide salt bath, the copper plate will begin to strip off and go into solution with the cyanide salt. When fresh work is introduced...