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Fractography

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Abstract This article introduces the subject of fractography and how it is used in failure analysis. The discussion covers the structure of and fracture and crack-propagation behavior of polymeric materials, the distinction between the ductile and brittle fracture modes on the basis...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Abstract This article depicts typical fractographic features for a number of different composite materials, covering interlaminar and translaminar fracture characteristics in composite materials. fractography composites interlaminar fracture translaminar fracture FRACTURE SURFACES...
Image
Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 33 SEM fractography of a field on the zone 1 surface (see Fig. 32 ). Note the combination of tearing and intergranular fracture. Source: Ref 19 More
Image
Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 26 Fractography showing an H11 tool steel that has suffered abrasive erosion More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... from the starboard side of the aircraft. A close-up view of the threads near the fracture surface provides evidence of bending, while the presence of dimples in an SEM fractograph supports the theory that the link rod failed as a result of overload. fractography stabilizer link rod visual...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270196
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract Fastening screws used in fuel-injection pumps failed during assembly and were examined to determine the cause. Based on observations and the result SEM fractography and hardness measurements, the screws failed by brittle intergranular fracture due to hydrogen embrittlement associated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses the failure of an aileron control cable in an aircraft and explains how investigators determined the cause. Based on their observations and the results of SEM fractography, investigators concluded that the cable had been damaged by a shearing tool, leading to its...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... subjected them to high stress concentrations in the fillet region. They also concluded that the intergranular nature of the fracture, as revealed by scanning electron fractography, pointed to hydrogen embrittlement as a contributing factor. This chapter provides a summary of the investigation along...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... on their observations and the results of SEM fractography, investigators concluded that tensile overload was the predominate cause of failure. fractography visual examination wing control cable Summary A failed wing control cable of an aircraft was investigated. There was general degradation of the wire...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... on their observations and the results of SEM imaging described in the chapter, investigators concluded that the blade failed by low-cycle fatigue, acting on a preexisting crack. fractography high pressure turbine blades low-cycle fatigue SEM fractography visual examination Summary A nimonic alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract A turbine blade in an aircraft engine failed, fracturing at the root above the fir tree region. Fractography indicated that a fatigue crack initiated at the trailing edge of the blade and the final fracture occurred when the crack reached critical length. Although the exact cause...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... increased. It explains that the hub material was of good quality under uniform load and that it fractured quickly by cleavage due to the force exerted by the overinflated tire. fractography metallography visual examination wheel hub Summary A tire in an aircraft burst while inflating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
.... Based on visual examination, SEM fractography, and chemical analysis, investigators concluded that the hinge pins were not made from the specified steel and were not properly treated after cadmium plating. The pins failed due to hydrogen embrittlement, which may have been aggravated by welding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract During a major servicing of an aircraft, cracks were found in the bottom wing root fitting. Based on dye penetrant inspection and the results of SEM fractography and chemical analysis, investigators concluded that the cracks were due to stress corrosion. They also recommended...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses the failure of a compressor blade in an aircraft engine and explains how investigators determined the cause. Based on visual examination and the results of SEM fractography and chemical analysis, it was concluded that blade failed due to fatigue fracture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract The nose landing gear on an aircraft malfunctioned during landing roll. After the incident, two fractured studs were found in the retraction jack support beam. Based on visual examination and the results of SEM fractography, investigators concluded that the studs failed by fatigue...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract This chapter provides an overview of the tools and techniques used to examine failure specimens and the wealth of information that can be obtained from fracture surfaces, cracks, wear patterns, and other such features. It discusses the use of metallography, fractography, and optical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... and microscopic examination, dye penetrant inspection, fluorescent dye pressure testing, x-ray Mechanical disconnect Visual examination, dimensional inspection, surface fractography, stress analysis, strength of materials testing Metallic component compressive, tensile, brittle, fatigue failure Surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Abstract A second-stage compressor blade in an aircraft engine fractured after 21 h of service. The remaining portion of the blade was removed and examined as were several adjacent blades. Based on the results of SEM fractography, microstructural analysis, and hardness testing, the blade failed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... to overload conditions. It also recommends the use of twin suspension hooks to make attachment points more stable under difficult flight conditions. fractography scanning electron microscopy support structures visual examination Summary In an aircraft carrying electronic pods, while...