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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... bending conditions. It describes the basic principles of air bending, stretch bending, and U- and V-die bending as well as rotary, roll, and wipe die bending, also known as straight flanging. It also discusses the steps involved in contour (stretch or shrink) flanging, hole flanging, and hemming...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter documents the key findings of an investigation into the failure of an aircraft’s main wheel bearing housing. Using annotated images and a detailed SEM fractograph, it shows what investigators observed that led them to conclude that the flange on one of the hubs...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract An aircraft tire burst while inflating, causing one of the flanges on the wheel hub to fracture. This chapter provides a summary of the investigation along with key findings. It includes images of the damaged hub and describes how various parts failed as the pressure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... a flange. Based on visual examination, SEM fractography, and chemical analysis, investigators concluded that the hinge pins were not made from the specified steel and were not properly treated after cadmium plating. The pins failed due to hydrogen embrittlement, which may have been aggravated by welding...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the rise of steel minimills in the late 1960s through the leadership of F. Kenneth Iverson and Gerald Heffernan. The discussion covers the development of processes for flat products, flanged beams, and railroad rails. The chapter also covers the growth...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides a concise, design-oriented summary of more than 30 sheet forming processes within the categories of bending and flanging, stretch forming, deep drawing, blank preparation, and incremental and hybrid forming. Each summary includes a description and diagram...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... with deformation processes such as stretching, bending, flanging, deep drawing, and blanking. It then describes the complex tribology of AHSS forming operations, the role of lubrication, the effect of tool steels and coatings, and the force and energy requirements of various forming presses. It also discusses...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... opening with a punch to draw the metal into the desired shape without causing wrinkles or splits in the drawn part. The term deep drawing implies that some drawing in of the flange metal occurs and that the formed parts are deeper than could be obtained by simply stretching the metal over a die ( Ref...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...Failure analysis of steel forgings and components Table 1 Failure analysis of steel forgings and components Case study Defect Solution Crankshaft underfill Unable to fill crankshaft flanges with existing press capacity Introduce creep stages for last increment of displacements...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.9781627083164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... ( Fig. 4.8 ), resulting in flange wrinkling. In the first forming stage, the minimum blank holder force of 50 kN (11 kip) was selected to prevent wrinkling, that is, the upward movement of the blank holder. A similar strategy was used to determine the blank holder forces in subsequent forming stages...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
.... With the improvement of corrosion-resistance properties, and three major automotive uses—antilock brake system sensor rings, exhaust system flanges, and oxygen sensor bosses—the market distribution of sintered stainless steels has shifted to an automotive preponderance, as is typical of the powder metallurgy (PM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... of the engines. Even after a three-engine landing, the fire warning continued. On strip examination of the engine, the hoses and rubber gaskets were found to be burnt. One of the bottom mounting bolts of the burner flange had melted and separated from the stem. The problem was traced to the burner being fitted...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... boundary 59 Free surface 70–95 AlN interface 65 Fe 3 C interface 84 TiC interface 96 Source: Ref 34 Chemical analysis of the flange and pipe Table 3 Chemical analysis of the flange and pipe Chemical element Flange Pipe C 0.80 0.07 Mn 0.67 1.10 Si 0.25...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... difficult to detect and is very expensive to correct. It can cause a blowout in the well to occur because of the corroded casing and can result in a fire or spill. Insulating flanges can cause corrosion from stray currents. Usually the insulating flange is separating pipes that have different ownership...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
...     2024-T4 1.6 0.064 Austenitic stainless steels     Annealed 1.3 0.050 (b)     Quarter hard 0.8 0.032 (c)     Titanium alloys 1.0 0.040 (d) Stretch flanging Aluminum alloy 2024-T4 1.6 0.064 Austenitic stainless steels     Annealed 1.3 0.050     Quarter hard...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
.... The main objective of this study was to develop a one-step model to check the feasibility of a specific geometry in a very short time. This feasibility check focuses only on the occurrence of wrinkles along flanges in the transition zone. Figure 10.14 shows the model used by Groche et al. ( Ref 10.15...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... with Die In SHF-D, the sheet is formed against the female die by the hydraulic pressure of the fluid, as shown in Fig. 8.4(a) . During the forming process, the blank holder controls the material movement from the flange into the cavity and also seals the fluid medium to avoid leakage. Fig. 8.4...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... computers has been developed under Air Force funding, called the Composite Design and Analysis Code ( Ref 9.3 ), where the entire composite pressure vessel, composite skirts, and associated hardware (polar boss, O-rings, closure, and fasteners) and attachments (attach flanges and fasteners) can be designed...