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Published: 01 December 2009
Fig. 10.7 Hurled plate formation. When the detonator fires, it shears the aluminum cup at its output end, creating a plate that is hurled across a gap. When this plate strikes the next explosive train component, kinetic energy ignites it. More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract This chapter discusses material-related problems associated with coal-fired burners. It explains how high temperatures affect heat-absorbing surfaces in furnace combustion areas and in the convection pass of superheaters and reheaters. It describes how low-NOx combustion technology...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... such as waterwall, fuel ash, and hot corrosion, acid dew-point or cold-end corrosion, and polythionic acid corrosion. It also addresses stress corrosion cracking and includes relevant case studies. acid dew point corrosion boiler tubes fire-side corrosion fuel ash corrosion hot corrosion polythionic acid...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Abstract Combustion byproducts such as soot, ash, and abrasive particulates can inflict significant damage to boiler tubes through the cumulative effect of erosion. This chapter examines the types of erosion that occur on the fire side of boiler components and the associated causes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Fireside corrosion can be a serious problem in oil-fired boilers and in refinery furnaces fired with low-grade fuels. This chapter provides an overview of fireside or oil-ash corrosion and the problems it can cause in utility power boilers and petrochemical refinery furnaces...
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Published: 01 November 2013
Fig. 18 Schematic of a radiant-fired dry-hearth reverberatory furnace illustrating the position of the sloping hearth relative to the molten bath. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 01 March 2000
Fig. 21 Log-heating, gas-fired furnace. Source: Ref 11 More
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Published: 01 February 2005
Fig. 20.18 A two-part die heating system comprising gas-fired infrared heater and resistance heaters [ Shah, 1988 ] More
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Published: 01 December 1989
Fig. 1.3. Historical development of fossil-fired turbine-generators ( Ref 4 ). More
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Published: 01 December 1989
Fig. 1.4. Schematic diagram of a coal-fired steam power plant ( Ref 4 ). More
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Published: 01 December 1989
Fig. 5.6. Temperature dependence of fire-side corrosion for 2¼Cr-1Mo ferritic steel and type 321 austenitic stainless steel ( Ref 6 ). More
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Published: 01 December 1989
Fig. 8.9. Comparison of fire-side corrosion resistance of various alloys ( Ref 43 ). More
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Published: 01 December 1989
Fig. 9.2. Past and future trends of heavy-duty gas-turbine firing temperatures and corresponding blade-material developments ( Ref 4 and 5 ). More
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Published: 01 December 2018
Fig. 6.121 Optical micrograph indicating fire-side intergranular stress corrosion cracking and grain dropping in superheater tube, 400× More
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Published: 01 March 2006
Fig. 8 Gas-fired fluidized-bed furnace with internal combustion. 1, insulating lagging; 2, refractory material; 3, air and gas distribution box; 4, fluidized bed; 5, parts to be treated. Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 01 March 2006
Fig. 9 Externally gas-fired fluidized-bed furnace. Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 10.4 Coal-fired boiler, showing two main areas for discussion of materials problems in a boiler: the furnace combustion area (i.e., furnace walls) and the heat-absorbing surfaces in the convection path, such as superheaters and reheaters. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 11.8 Summary of the design steam-exit temperatures for oil-fired boilers built during the 20th century. Source: Ref 16 More
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Published: 01 December 2015
Fig. 5 Eroded tube inserts from the inlet end of a fire-tube boiler. The inserts were eroded by particle-laden flue gas, which was forced to turn as it entered the boiler. More
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Published: 01 June 1988
Fig. 1.3 Comparison of times for through heating by induction and gas-fired furnace techniques as a function of bar diameter. From R. Daugherty and A. A. Huchok, Proceedings, 11th Biennial Conference on Electric Process Heating in Industry , IEEE, New York, 1973 ( Ref 2 ) More