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Published: 01 January 2017
Fig. 6.6 Effect of fast neutron fluence under light water reactor (LWR) conditions on mechanical properties of types 304 and 304L stainless steel at 288 °C (550 °F). (a) Fluence dependence of yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, uniform elongation, and reduction in area ( Ref 6.40 ). (b More
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Published: 01 January 2017
Fig. 6.2 Dependence of IASCC on fast neutron fluence for (a) creviced control-blade sheath in high-conductivity boiling water reactors (BWRs) ( Ref 6.6 ) and (b) as measured in slow-strain-rate tests at 3.7 × 10 −7 /s on preirradiated type 304 stainless steel in 288 °C (550 ° F) water ( Ref More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...) ( Ref 6.38 , 6.39 ). Fig. 6.6 Effect of fast neutron fluence under light water reactor (LWR) conditions on mechanical properties of types 304 and 304L stainless steel at 288 °C (550 °F). (a) Fluence dependence of yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, uniform elongation, and reduction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... volts (eV), with 1 eV being the energy imparted to an electron by an accelerating potential of 1 V. The radiation spectrum in terms of both wavelength and photon energy is shown in Fig. 2 . Production of X-Rays When x-rays are produced from the collision of fast moving electrons with a target...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... investigated for use as coolants in nuclear reactors. Sodium, for example, has been used as a coolant in fast breeder nuclear reactors. Most corrosion studies of molten metals have been carried out in conjunction with nuclear reactor applications ( Ref 1 – 4 ). Other applications of liquid metals include heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... relaxation Fast transient techniques yield information for uniform corrosion Electrochemical noise No external perturbation; indicates localized corrosion events and rates; well suited to MIC Electrical resistance Resistance measurement reflects loss of conductor cross section by pitting or general...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... a significant effect on formability, as shown by the curves in Fig. 4.8 . As the oxide content increases, yield strength increases and ductility decreases. Effect of Strain Rate Strain rate greatly influences the formability of beryllium. For instance, the stroke of a press brake is too fast for making...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... for the particular thermocouple materials. Thermocouples are of two basic types: contact and noncontact (or proximity). Contact Thermocouples There are various types of contact thermocouple arrangements the use of which permits accurate temperature measurements at fast response times. The simplest...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... for reactor vessels, heat-exchanger shells, separator drums, and piping for processes involving hydrogen at temperatures above 260 °C (500 °F). However, service and inspection data have limited these expectations under conditions of long-term hydrogen exposure on C-0.5Mo steel. As a result, low-alloy steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., or surface too hard or glossy to hold paint Before cure, brush out excess paint, and modify spray conditions. After cure, sand and apply another coat. Orange peel Hills, valleys in paint resembling skin of orange ( Fig. 6b ) Paint too viscous, gun too close to surface, solvent evaporated too fast...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... by heating with a second, higher frequency power supply. Use two power supplies of different frequencies simultaneously, a method being used for some high-power contour hardening. The purpose is to use frequencies that will produce uniform heating of a gear with a very fast heat cycle. This is illustrated...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... Therefore, films of proeutectoid ferrite form at the sites of the former austenite boundaries. If the cooling rate is fast, ferrite side-plates protrude from the proeutectoid ferrite and project into the austenite grains. These side-plates, called Widmanstätten plates, have a wedgelike shape...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... and allows fabrication with common shop equipment. Zirconium and hafnium are used in water-cooled nuclear reactors, but they serve different functions. Zirconium allows passage of thermal neutrons, while hafnium impedes their passage. It is also used in nuclear control rods as a neutron-absorbing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... in the memory of the instrument and determines which stored spectrum gives the best fit. Alloy identification is displayed on the module box. The measurement time for alloy sorting is very fast, in seconds. Examples of alloy sorting are as follows: Type 304 (UNS S30400) stainless steel or type 316...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... matrix on the F-14 and F-15 aircraft. Boron is made as a single monofilament using chemical vapor deposition, as shown schematically in Fig. 20.16 . A 12.7 μm tungsten wire is drawn through a long glass reactor where boron trichloride (BCl 3 ) gas is chemically reduced to deposit boron on the tungsten...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... and the attainment of maximum softness. Typical annealing heat treatments are conducted at minimum temperatures of 950 to 1120 °C (1750 to 2050 °F) for 5 to 20 min, followed by rapid cooling through the range of 650 to 870 °C (1200 to 1600 °F). Full annealing must be followed by fast cooling in the range of 650...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... Production rate Can be very fast Automatic processes quite fast Manual processes slow. Automated processes can be very fast. Seconds to hours depending on type Quality assurance Nondestructive testing (NDT) methods well established NDT for brazed joints established. Solder inspection can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... . Figure 12 Example of sample with logic diagnostic scan failure. The AOI in the red box shows the failing net. The sample is recommended to cleave along the longest length direction. In order to achiever fast and quality FIB planar slice and view result, cleaving direction is critical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... the other, which results in small microcracks in the microstructure as the grains actually pull away from each other. Subsequent thermal stresses (either by fast cooling or heating) are thereby dissipated by the opening and closing of these microcracks. Unfortunately, a consequence of the microcracks...