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Exhaust pipes

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
.... An exhaust system normally consists of a manifold to collect exhaust gases, a catalytic converter to reduce NO x and CO emissions, and a muffler; each of these are connected by piping. Each component of the system has different requirements for formability, resistance to oxidation, resistance to external...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., and combinations of these as modified by environment. Elevated-temperature problems are real concerns in industrial applications such as boilers, steam and gas turbine parts, containers in contact with molten metal, heat-treating furnaces and equipment, cement mills, incinerators, exhaust valves and manifolds...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... to the exhaust pipe (typically of 409Nb composition) is soaked for 15 min in a solution of 5000 ppm sulfate plus 100 ppm chloride at a pH of 2.5. After drying in air for 75 min, the part is exposed for 20 h to 85% relative humidity at 60 °C (140 °F). This is followed by soaking for 90 min in air at 427 °C (800...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... in practice that the exhaust burnt quite readily during processing at the nitrocarburizing temperature. The furnace was modified by the inclusion of a pilot flame at the exhaust pipe. It was decided that the furnace atmosphere would be the standard nitrogen/ammonia/carbon dioxide nitrocarburizing system ( Ref...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... Product application Automotive Suspension components such as front and rear knuckles and control arms, brake calipers, crank-shafts, cam shafts, exhaust manifolds, wheel hubs, balance shafts, gears, bushings, flanges, brackets Off-highway and class eight trucks Axle housings, differential...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... highquality seamless and welded pipe and tubing. Pipeline needs have fueled the market for highstrength, low-alloy plate. Offshore production in often-hostile environments has presented severe material challenges. And, as the light sweet crude that was easily found and produced on land is exhausted, future...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... was the answer for aircraft engine exhaust valves and requisitioned the available supply for the war years 1914 to 1919. Thomas Firth and Sons made 50 tons for knives before the war. That production lot is considered the beginning of the stainless steel industry. FIG. 7.4 Harry Brearley invented the 12...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... on the exhaust line so that the ammonia is decomposed before being dispersed into the atmosphere. Ensure that everyone concerned with the nitriding process knows where the main safety shutoff valve is located. Ensure that the safety shutoff valve is in position and can be turned with relative ease...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
..., is crushed to a size of 1 to 10 mm (0.04 to 0.4 in.) and is fed into the combustion chamber. Atmospheric air, which acts as both the fluidization air and the combustion air, is then delivered at pressure and flows through the bed after being preheated by the exhaust flue gases. The energy so produced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... of a thermal fatigue crack in an engine exhaust valve is shown in Fig. 16.13 . Fig. 16.13 Thermal fatigue crack produced in the hardfacing alloy on an exhaust valve from a heavy-duty gasoline engine Stress concentrations can be reduced through appropriate design changes that take thermal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... the heater and the vessel wall. Hot gases that are not corrosive to steel can form corrosive condensates on the cold portions of a poorly insulated unit. Proper design or insulation can prevent such localized cooling ( Fig. 3 ). Conversely, vapors from noncorrosive liquids can cause attack; exhausts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... in a superheater. Exhaust gases from the boiler are drawn by an induced-draft fan through an electrostatic precipitator and then vented off through the chimney stack. Most modern boilers have superheaters and a reheater arrangement. A superheater is a component of a steam generating unit in which steam...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... during design, and material properties have an impact on product performance, manufacturing characteristics, and the configuration of a part. The following example of materials selection is for steels in an automotive exhaust system, which involves several material property requirements. Subsequent...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... systems : control rod drive mechanisms, valve stems, springs, ducting Chemical and petrochemical industries : bolts, fans, valves, reaction vessels, piping, pumps Pollution control equipment : scrubbers Metals processing mills : ovens, afterburners, exhaust fans Coal gasification...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...) because of its use in automobile exhaust systems. Duplex grades (containing approximately 50% austenite and 50% ferrite) and precipitation-hardening grades (mostly martensitic) are also available for higher strength applications. Stainless steels are used for consumer products; for machinery...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
... patented in 1919 by Armstrong. Fig. 5 P.A.E. Armstrong, who developed silicon-chromium steels used for gas engine exhaust valves. Source: Thum, 1933 , p 486 At the symposium, Armstrong presented an excellent 13-page paper that covered a history of stainless steels and other corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of the cathodic reaction when the initial oxygen in the shielded region is exhausted. Thus, in the shielded region, the anodic corrosion reaction continues because the corrosion potential is maintained by the reduction of oxygen on the outside surface. However, chloride or other anions now migrate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... in construction. It then describes the various causes of failure in boiler tubes, headers, and steam pipes, explaining how and why they occur, how they are diagnosed, and how to mitigate their effects. The final and by far largest section in the chapter is a tutorial on damage and life assessment techniques...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
.... Combined-cycle plants in which both combustion and steam turbines are employed in tandem result in greater efficiency and are becoming increasingly common. In these plants, the exhaust gases from a combustion turbine are used to make steam to drive a steam turbine. Fig. 1.1. Schematic illustration...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... were built in the 1970s; sour gas well pipe came along in the 1980s; and automotive valves for passenger car engines were used in the 1990s. Engineering Properties The nonaerospace use of titanium can be broken down into four general categories. Although each is based on the general property...