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Cylinder rods

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
..., a clutch/brake, a drive shaft, a connection (also called a pitman arm or connecting rod), and a slide (ram) guided by the gibs ( Fig. 10.1 ). Depending on the design, a press may have gear set(s) to reduce the speed and increase the torque ( Ref 10.2 , 10.3 , 10.4 ). Fig. 10.1 Schematic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... the motion of the blank holder during the forward stroke. The return motion of the pressure box is controlled by the lifting piston rod (9), which slides inside the lifting cylinder, while the displacement cylinder passively follows the pressure box during the return stroke. The lifting piston rod has...
Book Chapter

By Eren Billur
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... of cylinder. However, single-acting cylinders require a method of returning. If the cylinder is extending upward, such as in a die cushion or in a pushup press, gravity may retract the rod. In small shop presses, spring-return cylinders are employed ( Fig. 12.3b ). It is also common that a single-acting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
...Abstract Abstract The machinery and equipment required for rod and tube extrusion is determined by the specific extrusion process. This chapter provides a detailed description of the design requirements and principles of machinery and equipment for direct and indirect hot extrusion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... a cylinder cart, or it can be a stationary installation. Filler metal, when needed, is provided by a welding rod that is melted progressively along with the surfaces to be joined. Oxyfuel gas welding can be used to join thin carbon steel sheet and carbon steel tube and pipe. The advantages of oxyfuel gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... Hydraulic Presses 11.3 Screw Presses 11.4 Hammers References References [Altan et al., 1972] Altan T. , Nichols D.E. , “ Use of Standardized Copper Cylinders for Determining Load and Energy in Forging Equipment, ” ASME Trans., J. Eng. Ind. , Vol 94 , Aug 1972 , p 769...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
.... During a test run of a prototype engine, two bolts of one of the connecting rods failed. The bolts were made of En 24 steel in the W condition. Subsequently, the material of the bolts was changed to maraging steel MDN 250. They were hardened to about 48–50 HRC and fitted in a single-cylinder engine...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... shapes such as disks, rods, or plates, but also possible are complex shapes with many features. The selection of forming process is largely dependent on process capabilities. Long, thin structures such as honeycombs, rods, or tubes are best fabricated using extrusion. Complex, 3-D structures (especially...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... actuating piston rod cylinder Fig. 17 Appearance of longitudinal crack in the main landing gear linear actuating piston rod cylinder Fig. 18 Fracture surfaces. (a) Circumferential crack 1 (4.3 mm). (b) Circumferential crack 2 (4.3 mm). (c) Longitudinal crack (5 mm) Fig. 19 SEM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.9781627083164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...: Prediction of Load for Forging of a Connecting Rod References References [Altan et al., 1973] Altan T. , Boulger F.W. , Becker J.R. , Akgerman N. , Henning H.J. , Forging Equipment, Materials and Practices , Batelle , 1973 . [Altan et al., 1983] Altan T...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... mandrels,” which were a loose fit in the hollow billet and were heavily tapered toward the die, this was replaced—following a patent by Arnold Schwieger in 1903—by a piercing system located behind the main cylinder ( Fig. 1.10 ). Fig. 1.10 First rod and tube press (Arnold Schwieger, 1903...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... basic types of extrusion are direct and indirect, which are commonly used in aluminum industries as shown in Fig. 1 and 6 . Solid and hollow shapes are designed and extruded for a wide range of programs: Solid sections, bars, and rods extruded from solid billets by direct extrusion (discussed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... more economical in the manufacture of rods, bars, sections, and tubes from many aluminum alloys. Fig. 6 Schematic of an indirect extrusion press. 1, counter platen; 2, die slide; 3, shear; 4, billet container; 5, moving crosshead; 6, die stem; 7, sealing element; 8, cylinder crosshead; and 9...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.9781627083423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
.... If you need to size an air cylinder to slide a load, then you only need to weigh the load and multiply it by coefficient of friction (COF): Mathematics does not get easier. The same situation exists with rolling friction. If your automobile battery died with the car in the driveway and you want...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
.... The vertical sprue results in higher metal velocities, and there is a potential for oxide entrainment. Applications The applications of the evaporative foam casting method include: Cylinder blocks and heads Transmission valves (die casting is replacing the evaporative foam process...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... types of gray iron. However, in certain fields, such as mineral beneficiation, cast iron grinding balls for ball mills, rods for rod mills, and rollers for other crushing devices have led to the development of alloy white irons that are now considered the standard materials for all sorts of mineral...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
..., “Mechanical Presses,” in this book. The kinematics of the slide motion are determined by the main drive (i.e., crank and connecting rod or pitman arm). The available machine load ( L M ) is a function of stroke( s ). Energy-Restricted Machines: Although not commonly used in sheet metal forming...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... alloy piston during the test run of an 8-cylinder 1100 kVA marine engine because of a slight departure from alignment. After about 100 hours of test running at less than full power, one of the pistons broke into a multitude of pieces, some of which got pulverized. The connecting rod had worked its way...