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Contaminants

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
...Abstract Abstract Contaminants can be a cause of numerous types of system failures. There are numerous techniques for confirming contaminant presence. When the presence of a contaminant is suspected, the failure analysis team must find and eliminate the contaminant source, which can be obvious...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
...Abstract Abstract Superalloys are susceptible to damage from a variety of surface contaminants. They may also require special surface finishes for subsequent processing steps such as coating applications. This chapter describes some of the cleaning and finishing procedures that have been...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... account of various factors pertinent to the characterization of materials and analysis of optical components, namely transmission, haze, yellowness, refractive index, surface irregularity, birefringence, internal contamination, surface gloss, and color. In addition, details on ad hoc tests used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., namely heavy-metal contamination, blast residues, flux inclusions, and galvanic attack. corrosion resistance magnesium alloys chemical composition heat treatment grain size cold working heavy-metal contamination blast residues flux inclusions galvanic attack MAGNESIUM AND MAGNESIUM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... on spray forming and consolidation by atmospheric pressure, and includes a section on powder-based disk components, where it discusses the general advantages of P/M as well as the effects of inclusions, carbon contamination, and the formation of oxide and carbide films due to prior particle boundary...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... to achieve the desired objectives of quenching, annealing, and aging along with the associated risks of surface damage caused by oxidation, carbon pickup, alloy depletion, intergranular attack, and environmental contaminants. It also discusses heat treatment atmospheres, furnace and fixturing requirements...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... decisions. It discusses the basic concepts of fusion welding and the differences between solid-solution-hardened and precipitation-hardened wrought superalloys. It addresses joint integrity, design, weld-related cracking, and the effect of grain size, precipitates, and contaminants. It covers common fusion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... and describes the effect of impurities and feedwater parameters on high-pressure boiler components. It discusses deposition and scaling, types of corrosion, and carryover, a condition that occurs when steam becomes contaminated with droplets of boiler water. The chapter also covers water treatment procedures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...Abstract Abstract Sulfur is one of the most common corrosive contaminants in high-temperature industrial environments and its presence can cause a number of problems, including sulfidation. This chapter describes the sulfidation behavior of a wide range of alloys as observed in three types...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... (such as chlorides, bromides, iodides, and fluorides), sulfur-bearing compounds (such as H2S and sulfur-oxyanions), high-temperature and supercritical water, and caustics (such as NaOH), while accounting for temperature, composition, microstructure, properties, environmental contaminants, and other factors...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... strengths and development times for Turnbull‘s blue Material (300-series SS) Contaminant powder Solution strength, % Development time, min K 3 Fe(CN) 6 NaCl Powder, not lubed Fe or 410L 0.1 0.1 <3 Powder, lubed (a) Fe or 410L 0.25 0.25 120–180 Green parts (b) Fe or 410L...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... defects, and the need for contaminant-free surfaces and atmospheres. It describes common forms of fusion, arc, and solid-state welding along with the use of filler metals, shielding gases, and stress-relief treatments. It also discusses the practice of titanium brazing and the role of filler metals...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
..., and other contaminants that form or are otherwise deposited on the surface of titanium during processing operations such as hot working and heat treatment. This chapter explains what makes titanium susceptible to the formation of scale and how it can be removed via belt grinding, abrasive blasting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... contaminants and defects associated with various quenchants and processing atmospheres and provides insights on how they can be removed and, in some cases, prevented. It also recommends the application of a rust preventative shortly after parts have cooled. Cleaning Surface Finish Rust Protection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Classification Criteria Example posting Work controls Beryllium-regulated area Airborne or the potential for airborne beryllium contamination at or above 0.2 μg/m 3 as an 8 h time-weighted average (TWA) Work control procedure including hazard analysis and controls. Respiratory protection...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... with each mating surface can induce a leak. One such cause is any imperfection on either mating surface, such as a scratch, gouge, or surface finish that is too rough. Contaminants caught between the gasket and the mating surfaces can allow a leak path. Sometimes, gaskets are used with sealants...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
.... Over-temperature alarms or shutdown controls installed on quench systems should be tested on a six-month basis to make certain that protective devices are operating. In addition, quality control methods should be established to ensure that there is no contamination of the quenchant. Oil quenches can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
.... , Rudy J.F. , Schwarztbart H. , and Kessler H.D. , Spot Welding of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy , Weld. J. , Vol 37 ( No. 4 ), Research Supplement , 1958 , p 129s – 137s Chemical and Metallurgical Characteristics Contamination Control Alloy Selection Susceptibility to Stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...). (c) 500 kg load, 10 mm ball. (d) Properties of C and E are identical, but AZ91E casting have 0.17% minimum Mn and maximum contaminant levels of 0.005% Fe, 0.0010% Ni, and 0.015% Cu. (e) Properties of A and B are identical, but AM60B castings have maximum contaminant levels of 0.005% Fe...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... of Timet Fig. 9.12 Sejournet glass-lubricated extrusion process. Billet surface preparation and heating are important in contributing to extruded surface quality. Fig. 9.11 Continuous vacuum annealing is used to process thin strip free from surface contamination. Courtesy of Timet...