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Combustion chambers

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... Example 1: Cavitation Erosion of a Water-Cooled Aluminum Alloy 6061-T6 Combustion Chamber Cavitation Erosion Testing Liquid impingement erosion has been defined as “progressive loss of original material from a solid surface due to continued exposure to impacts by liquid drops or jets” ( Ref 8...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... vessel in which water is heated to produce hot water, steam, superheated steam, or any combination of these under pressure by the application of heat. The necessary heat is produced by burning solid, liquid, or gaseous fuel under a controlled supply of air in the combustion chamber of the boiler. Thus...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... from high-temperature applications of superalloys. Example 1: Gas Turbine Combustion Chamber Gas turbines require a combustion chamber in which to burn the fuel to produce the hot gases that drive the turbine. In some engines, the combustors are very large (annular combustors), and in others...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... expensive than electrical heating (depending, of course, on locality and geography). Once again, heating of the fluidized-bed process chamber can be either external or internal. External Combustion Heating When the fluidized-bed container is heated by an external gas combustion system, the container...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... filament winding from a laboratory curiosity to the major industry it is today. In solid rocket motors, the case or combustion chamber is a major part of the rocket motor structure and inert weight. The necessity of developing the lightest-weight structures was the driving factor for the development...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... applications up to 1090 °C (1995 °F) REX-78 … Used for blading in Whittle engine V-57 GTE rotors … W-545 GTE parts, bolts … MA-956 GTE combustion chambers, energy-conversion systems Ferritic-matrix ODS alloy. Exceptional strength and resistance to oxidation, carburization, and hot corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
... Hoover Dams. Pressures in some areas exceed 55 MPa (8000 psi). Temperatures within the engine vary from liquid hydrogen at −252 °C (−423 °F), at the beginning and end of each firing, to over 3315 °C (6000 °F) in the engine main combustion chamber during operation. Owing to the high pressures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... the economizer is finally sent to the boiler drum, whereas the heat carried out with the flue gases, coming out of the economizer, is further utilized for preheating the air before supplying it to the combustion chamber. The efficiency of conventional fossil fuel or coal-fired power plants is mainly governed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... with its use. Second, it speeds up the rate of carbon transport from the gas-to-steel surface so that carburizing rates are increased, particularly at short times. Many bladesmiths use furnaces that are heated by combustion of air-natural gas or air-propane. Both natural gas (CH 4 ) and propane (C 3 H...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Composition, % Common high-temperature applications Cr Ni Co Mo Nb Ti Al Fe C Other N06002 Hastelloy X 22.0 49.0 1.5 max 9.0 … … 2.0 15.8 0.15 0.6 W Combustion chambers, heat treatment components N06075 Nimonic 75 19.5 75.0 … … … 0.4 0.15 2.5 0.12 0.25 max Cu Gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
...% oxygen. Such atmospheres exist in any heat treating furnace where the work chamber does not contain products of combustion, or where specially prepared atmospheres are not admitted (see Fig. 3 ). In many heat treating applications, this type of atmosphere is acceptable, and it may be satisfactory when...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
...Abstract Abstract The overall chemical composition of metals and alloys is most commonly determined by x-ray fluorescence (XRF) and optical emission spectroscopy (OES). High-temperature combustion and inert gas fusion methods are typically used to analyze dissolved gases (oxygen, nitrogen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... heats of combustion for most metals can lead to extensive damage in a metal fire. The many hazards associated with the reactivity of materials in oxygen and fluorine have led to considerable research on the compatibility of materials with these cryogens. Numerous tests have been devised to screen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... process gas stagnation within the process chamber (also called the retort). Fig. 1 Typical PC/PLC screen configuration for nitriding furnace control. Courtesy of Plateg USA, Meadville, PA Essential Furnace Design Criteria A well-designed gas nitriding furnace provides accurate, uniform...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... the components to capture burnout vapors or to combust the vapors into a natural gas flame. Fig. 7.20 Carbon residue after thermal binder removal of various wax binders from injection-molded Fe-Nd-B. The residual carbon is measured after heating at 3 °C/min (5 °F/min) to 600 °C (1110 °F) in hydrogen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... face of the die or the feeder chamber by a shear. A saw is used for copper alloys, and this cuts the extrusion between the container and the die. The discard in this case is still in the container bore. A shear is often used for separation in the extrusion of brass wire. Shears and saws are always part...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... spray process, a combustible gas serves as the heat source that melts the coating material, which may be in rod, wire, or powder form. Commonly selected gases include acetylene, propane, methyl-acetylene-propadiene (MAPP) gas, and hydrogen, along with oxygen. In general, changing the nozzle and/or air...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... methods are classified in two ways: by fire response characteristics and by particular applications of polymeric materials. fire resistance flammability test polymers A MATERIAL IS FLAMMABLE if it is subject to easy ignition and rapid flaming combustion. Combustion is defined as an oxidation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... described subsequently are drawn from actual production experience. The examples identify cleaning and finishing problems and the procedures used to solve them. Example 1. Turbine Combustion Chambers Made from Hastelloy X Sheet Example 2. Removing Annealing Scale from Superalloys Example 3. Welding...