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Columns (structural)

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
...Abstract Abstract Distortion failures are readily identified by the inherent change in size and/or shape. They are serious because they can lead to other types of failure or may even cause complete collapse of structures, such as bridges, ladders, beams, and columns. Distortion failures may...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110506
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Fig. 2 Example failure mode distribution snapshot Fig. 1 Example bitmap application Abstract Abstract Semiconductor memories are superb drivers for process yield and reliability improvement because of their highly structured architecture and use of aggressive layout rules...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... measuring machines as: Vertical Horizontal Fixed-table cantilever Moving-table cantilever Moving bridge Fixed bridge L-shaped bridge Column Gantry Moving ram, horizontal arm Moving table, horizontal arm Fixed table, horizontal arm In addition, the two...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... with which the ions land on the sample surface. Beam Current The number of ions per unit time, impinging on the sample surface Aperture diameter: Size of the selected aperture in the column defines the flux of ions that reaches the sample. Smaller apertures correspond to smaller beam currents...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.... Figure 22 STEM-BF image of a via in a test structure. The contrast at the interface is masked by diffraction effects. Figure 23 STEM-HAADF mass-contrast image clearly shows dark contrast at the interface, indicative of light elemental composition. Figure 24 (a) High-resolution phase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... injected Storage of prepared resin solutions not advisable over 12–24 h (must be determined for each material) Column equilibration For chromatogram reproducibility and analytical precision Temperature control to eliminate solvent compressibility, flow, and solubility fluctuations Analytical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
..., but it is in the production and heat treatment of cast irons. Gray and White Cast Irons Ductile and Malleable Cast Iron Summary of the Major Ideas in Chapter 16 References References 16.1. Metallography, Structures and Phase Diagrams , Vol 8 , Metals Handbook , 8th ed. , American Society for Metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... of over focus, with sharp edges only in the horizontal direction. Figure 7 Electron beam – sample interaction volume and interaction products. Figure 6 Diagram of an electron column (after Goldstein, et al. [1] ) Figure 9 Variation in backscatter emission with atomic number...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.... There are four major hardware capabilities that existing FIB platforms utilize to accomplish its goal, to enable advanced circuit edit operations on signal interconnects and transistor structures in the design layout. These include: 1) single columns, most often Ga liquid metal ion sources (LMIS) based, 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... an open (unfilled) TSV. Figure 11 Schematic of TSV and illustration of the defocus sequence. Figure 12 Local electrical probing of the investigated TSV structure and imaging of the resulting thermal emission at various focus positions. Figure 13 Comparison of the lateral...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
...-column press. It is usually built with a standard stroke, which provides good access and easy maintenance. In a standard-stroke press, the billet is loaded between the container and the stem. The press stroke is determined by the loading stroke and the extrusion stroke. There are no specific...
Book Chapter

By Kenneth A. Walsh
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...Abstract Abstract Beryllium, despite its relatively simple atomic structure, possesses a wide range of useful engineering properties. It has the highest strength-to-weight ratio and modulus of elasticity among structural metals and is an important alloy addition in copper, nickel, and aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... penetration with 7kV also showing a structural cross section with dimensions. (b) 8kV had optimal localization with 10kV having reasonable resolution with slightly higher signal to noise. Figure 97 AVC image of top side SOI sample at the metal 1 layer. Applying -5V on metal 1 node results...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... (bcc-fcc-bcc) between room temperature and its melting temperature. Notice that the elements in the central columns of the table are grouped into three groups of columns, with the elements having crystal structures of either bcc; some mixtures of structure, such as bcc and fcc for iron; and fcc...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... approach for determining only the molecular weight of a resin, but not the molecular weight distribution, involves dissolving the polymer in a suitable solvent. However, the more structurally complicated macromolecules require the use of hostile solvents, tedious sample preparations, and costly time delays...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
..., with the parallel columns growing progressively from the mold wall into the center of the casting. The final columnar structure results from parallel growth of different colonies of dendrites and the gradual lateral growth, or thickening, between them. Solid shrinkage occurs after the casting has solidified...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.9781627083423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... types, as illustrated in the left column of Table 14.1 . The various types are subdivided further according to a letter code followed by a number, as shown in the second column of this table. Chapter 6 of Ref 14.3 presents complete lists of all the tool steels along with an excellent discussion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... is not accurate enough. A third example is a pervasive situation that has seen little consideration in the field of structural design to resist fatigue failures. This example is not as obvious as the first two. It is discussed first because it is more general and has greater impact on more designs than the first...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... the Testing Evaluate the Specimens and the Environment Analyze the Results The sampling of test materials and the preparation of test specimens are extremely important variables in corrosion testing, because corrosion behavior can be significantly influenced by variations in metallurgical structure...