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Chromium steel

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...Abstract Abstract This appendix is a collection of isothermal diagrams for carbon steels, chromium-molybdenum steels, nickel-chromium-molybdenum steels, nickel-molybdenum steels, and chromium steels. isothermal diagrams carbon steels chromium-molybdenum steels nickel-chromium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...Abstract Abstract This appendix is a collection of selected continuous cooling transformation diagrams for carbon steels; Mn steels; Mn-Mo, Mn-Ce, Mn-Ni-Mo, and Mn-Ni-CrMo steels; silicon steels; nickel steels; Ni-Cr-Mo steels; and chromium steels. continuous cooling transformation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... 12 xx Resulfurized and rephosphorized 15 xx Plain carbon (max Mn range: 1.00–1.65) Manganese low-alloy steels 13 xx Mn 1.75 Nickel low-alloy steels 23 xx Ni 3.50 25 xx Ni 5.00 Nickel-chromium low-alloy steels 31 xx Ni 1.25; Cr 0.65 and 0.80 32 xx Ni 1.75...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the evolution of engineering alloy steels, namely chromium, nickel, and nickel-chromium alloy steels. The discussion includes the automotive demand and development of specifications for the alloy steels. It also covers various research on heat treatment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
...Abstract Abstract Steels contain a wide range of elements, including alloys as well as residual processing impurities. This chapter describes the chemical composition of low-alloy AISI steels, which are classified based on the amounts of chromium, molybdenum, and nickel they contain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
..., and Ford’s pioneering use of weight-saving vanadium alloys in Model T cars. It explains how interest in chromium alloys spread throughout the world, spurring the development of commercial stainless steels. The chapter concludes with a bullet point timeline of early 20th century achievements and a brief...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... stainless steel tableware One of the greatest advances in modern metallurgy was the discovery of a steel that did not rust. Until this point, all steel would eventually transform to iron oxide (i.e., rust). The discovery of this new steel was made when research started on high-chromium alloy steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... of steel. Alloy steels also have definite ranges of carbon and limits on manganese, silicon, copper, phosphorus, and sulfur but may also contain definite ranges or minimum quantities of aluminum, chromium, cobalt, niobium, molybdenum, nickel, titanium, tungsten, vanadium, zirconium, or any other element...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... alloying. Source: Ref 11 Results of static corrosion tests at various temperatures for 3250 h in molten lead for chromium steels Table 16.3 Results of static corrosion tests at various temperatures for 3250 h in molten lead for chromium steels Alloy Depth of attack, μm (mils) 750 °C...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract Alloy steels are alloys of iron with the addition of carbon and one or more of the following elements: manganese, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, niobium, titanium, tungsten, cobalt, copper, vanadium, silicon, aluminum, and boron. Alloy steels exhibit superior mechanical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...Abstract Abstract Steels that resist corrosive attack from normal atmospheric exposure and contain a minimum of 10.5% Cr and 50% Fe are generally classified as stainless steels. Their special qualities lie in a chromium-rich oxide surface film that quickly regrows when damaged. This chapter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... beyond specified limits. Besides these elements, steels can also have one or more of the alloying elements chromium, manganese, nickel, molybdenum, titanium, niobium, tungsten, vanadium, cobalt, or boron, depending on the end use. There are approximately 2500 different grades of steel and hence...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... cold-work steels A2 T30102 1.00 … … 5.00 … … 1.00 … … A3 T30103 1.25 … … 5.00 1.00 … 1.00 … … High-carbon, high-chromium cold-work steels D2 T30402 1.50 … … 12.00 1.00 … 1.00 … … D5 T30405 1.50 … … 12.00 … … 1.00 3.00 … Low-alloy, special...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... ( No. 21 ), 1954 , p 151 – 153 11.3. Beswick J.M. , The Effect of Chromium in High Carbon Bearing Steels , Metall. Trans. A , Vol. 18 , 1987 , p 1897 – 1906 10.1007/BF02647019 Plain carbon and low-alloy AISI steels are generally austenitized at temperatures that produce...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... of selected alloying elements such as manganese, silicon, chromium, nickel, sulfur, molybdenum, vanadium, niobium, and tungsten as well as other alloy/impurity elements that impart specific properties. The many varieties of steels cover a wide range of applications and product forms. Examples of steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., the isothermal stability curve for the formation of chromium carbide in type 316 stainless steel is presented. Source: Ref 49 Fig. 5 Isothermal precipitation kinetics for carbides, nitrides, σ/χ, and α′ phases in ferritic alloys containing 26% Cr, 1–4% Mo, and 0–4% Ni. Source: Ref 49 Fig. 6...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... by accident because of their unusual resistance to corrosion ( Ref 13.1 ). The austenitic stainless steel type was discovered in Germany by E. Maurer when he noticed that certain chromium-nickel steels did not rust after being left in a room with acid fumes. The ferritic stainless steel type was discovered...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... of boron on the hardenability of steel. (i) Chromium improves toughness in conjunction with nickel. (j) Detrimental unless grain is refined. (k) Effective in aluminium-killed steels because nitrogen forms AIN particles that control grain size and improve strength and toughness. Nitrogen lowers...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... may contain several percent of alloying elements, such as carbon, manganese, nickel, molybdenum, chromium, and silicon, in addition to the impurities sulfur, oxygen, and phosphorus. Alloy steels typically contain very small amounts of titanium, niobium, and aluminum. The total amount [1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Nickel (Ni) An essential alloying element in some steels. Added to increase solid-solution strength and hardness as well as to increase hardenability. Toughens steels, especially at low temperatures. Does not form a carbide in steel. Renders high-chromium stainless steels austenitic Chromium (Cr...