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Chlorides

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... resistance to pitting and crevice corrosion in chloride environments. This chapter provides information on the classifications, properties, and general welding considerations of ferritic stainless steels. The emphasis is placed on intergranular corrosion, which is the most common cause of failure in ferritic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... and phase stability diagrams. It provides an extensive amount of high-temperature corrosion data for metals and alloys in gaseous environments containing chlorine and hydrogen chloride; fluorine and hydrogen fluoride; bromine and hydrogen bromide; and iodine and hydrogen iodide. halogen gases high...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... in molten chlorides, molten nitrates, molten fluorides, molten carbonates, and molten sodium hydroxide. molten salt corrosion 15.1 Introduction 15.2 Corrosion Process 15.3 Corrosion in Molten Chlorides 15.4 Corrosion in Molten Nitrates/Nitrides 15.5 Corrosion in Molten Sodium Hydroxide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... chloride and includes a list of structurally similar compounds. amorphous materials chemical bonding chemical elements crystal structures MATERIALS are so important to civilization that the terms stone age, bronze age , and iron age have been used to describe periods of history. Perhaps...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter addresses the issue of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in carbon and low-alloy steels. It discusses crack initiation, propagation, and fracture in aqueous chloride, hydrogen sulfide, sulfuric acid, hydroxide, ammonia, nitrate, ethanol, methanol, and hydrogen gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter takes a practical approach to the problem of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in stainless steels, explaining how different application environments affect different grades of stainless steel. It describes the causes of stress-corrosion cracking in chloride...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... (such as chlorides, bromides, iodides, and fluorides), sulfur-bearing compounds (such as H2S and sulfur-oxyanions), high-temperature and supercritical water, and caustics (such as NaOH), while accounting for temperature, composition, microstructure, properties, environmental contaminants, and other factors...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
...), except the presence of residual oxides from incomplete reduction during sintering. Source: Ref 41 Abstract Abstract This chapter describes a number of corrosion testing methods for sintered stainless steels, including immersion, salt spray, and electrochemical tests, ferric chloride...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
...Abstract Abstract Leaks can occur as the result of several failure causes. This chapter reviews the causes, features, and impact of various types of leaks, namely gasket leaks, O-ring leaks, bond-joint leaks, weld leaks, polyvinyl chloride leaks, valve leaks, and structural leaks. bond...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter reviews the basic chemistry of beryllium metals and compounds, including beryllium hydroxide, beryllium carbonates, beryllium fluoride, and beryllium chloride. It discusses the uses as well as application challenges of various forms of beryllium and includes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Inorganic Chemistry , Bailar J.C. , Emeleus H.J. , Nyholm R. , and Trotman-Dickenson A.F. , Ed., Pergamon Press Ltd. , Oxford, England Furby E. , and Wilkinson K.L. , 1960 . The Melting and Boiling Points of Beryllium Chloride and an Investigation of the NaCl/BeCl 2...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... toughness generally restricts use of these grades to sheet or lighter-gage tubulars. Ferritic stainless steels are highly resistant and are in some cases immune to chloride stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). These grades are frequently considered for thermal transfer applications. The same properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... will disappear, and only clear water will remain. The sugar or salt has dissolved into the water, and the final liquid is said to be a solution of sugar or salt in water. What has happened to the sugar or salt? Consider the salt, because its molecule (sodium chloride [NaCl] for table salt or calcium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... 2 at 90°C and a pH of 1.0. Procedure: Use at 190 to 200°F and adjust pH to between 4 and 6. Cobalt can be electroplated by substituting cobalt chloride for nickel chloride. Electrolytic Nickel (U.S. Patent no. 2,532,283–4) 30 g nickel chloride, NiCl 2 ·6H 2 O 10 g sodium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... 240 (464) Nil Adipylchloride and chlorobenzene solution ... ... Nil Adiponitrile Vapor 371 (700) 0.008 Aluminum chloride, aerated 10 100 (212) 0.002 25 100 (212) 3.15 Aluminum chloride 10 100 (212) 0.002 10 150 (302) 0.03 25 60 (140) Nil 25 100 (212) 6.55...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Friedman J. , and Hanafee J.E. , 2000 . “ Corrosion/Electrochemistry of Monocrystalline and Polycrystalline Beryllium in Aqueous Chloride Environment ,” Report UCRL-ID-137482, Lawrence Livermore National Lab 10.2172/792322 Hill M.A. , Butt B.P. , and Lillard R.S. , 1996...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Hydrogen Chloride ,” presented at the 11th International Incineration Conference ( Albuquerque, NM ), May 11–15, 1992 29. Krause H.H. , Chlorine Corrosion in Waste Incineration , Materials Performance in Waste Incineration Systems , Lai G.Y. and Sorell G. , Ed., NACE , 1992...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...) for commercially pure titanium. Ti-6Al-4V can exhibit SCC in chloride. Pitting (anodic breakdown) Localized corrosion that can pit or lead to holes in the material When potential exceeds breakdown for oxide layer; increase in temperature and acidity lower breakdown potential * Adapted and revised from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... be present in very low concentrations (<10 ppm) in the environment, yet be highly concentrated in crevices, pits, under deposits, and so on. For instance, when type 304 stainless steel cracks in a solution containing only a few parts per million of chloride, the chloride concentration is usually found...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Guide for Examination and Evaluation of Pitting Corrosion G 48 Standard Test Methods for Pitting and Crevice Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steels and Related Alloys by Use of Ferric Chloride Solution G 49 Standard Practice for Preparation and Use of Direct Tension Stress-Corrosion Test...