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Chemical processing industry

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter focuses on the applications of stainless steels in chemical and process industry, covering what data are necessary and how they can be found. It begins with an overview of single- and dual-environment systems and the corrosion issues they face. This is followed...
Image
Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 8.10 Cast titanium components produced by (a) rammed graphite method, 300 mm (12 in.) long chemically pure titanium pump housing for the chemical process industry; (b) rammed graphite method, Ti-6Al-4V helicopter hub; (c) investment casting airframe components; and (d) investment casting More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of specifications for virtually all metal and nonmetal materials of construction; special volumes apply to the chemical-process industry ( Ref 16 ) and to corrosion testing ( Ref 17 ). Similar standards in countries other than the United States include DIN (Germany), BS (Great Britain), AFNOR (France), UNI (Italy...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... are used extensively in the aerospace industry and, to a lesser but increasing measure, in the chemical process, marine, biomedical, automotive, and other industries. Figure 6.1 shows a typical aircraft part cast in Ti-6Al-2Sn-2Zr-2Mo-2Cr+Si, and Fig. 6.2 shows a variety of smaller cast titanium parts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Pleasant, OH in 1967 resulted in the loss of 46 lives and cost millions of dollars. Perhaps most dangerous of all is corrosion that occurs in major industrial plants, such as electrical power plants or chemical processing plants. Plant shutdowns can and do occur as a result of corrosion. This is just...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... in Table 3 . An excellent source of information on rubber linings can be found in MTI Manual No. 7, Practical Guide to the Use of Elastomeric Linings , published by the Materials Technology Institute (MTI) of the Chemical Process Industries, Inc. This guide provides practical information pertaining...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... implement them in critical industries such as mining, energy production, transportation, and mineral and chemical processing. The chapter also describes basic approaches to dealing with corrosion and wear in steel. corrosion protection corrosion resistance steel wear resistance SURFACE...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... to be considered in making materials selections, but it is of major importance in many industries, such as the chemical processing or pulp and paper industries. Eventual choice of material is the result of several compromises. For example, the technical appraisal of any alloy will generally be a compromise between...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... and eventual failure of components and systems in the processing and manufacturing industries and reductions in the service life of components. Thermal sprayed coatings prevent, or limit, the effects of corrosion and wear by providing protection against chemical and physical interactions of a material...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... are closest to the application, is even poorer ( Ref 28 , 29 ). Studies have shown that, while management is always informed of the reasons for failure in the chemical-processing industry, site personnel are informed only 77% of the time; designers, 55%; materials suppliers, 37%; and contractors, only 11...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
.... In particular, in the last decades of the 20th century, the accumulated knowledge of the relations between chemical composition, structures, properties, and performance, together with the effect of processing on these features, has reached a level that allows continuous scientific development of new alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... Castings” Introduction Steel is the most versatile engineering material available today. Steel can be easily welded and processed and plays a vital role in maintaining the high standard of living enjoyed by the industrialized nations of the world. The versatility of steel can be easily...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... heterogeneity, than it does on the ambient bulk water chemistry. Industries Affected The various industries that have been affected by microbiological corrosion problems are listed in Table 2 . References to problems in the chemical-processing, nuclear power, oil field (both onshore and offshore...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...Abstract Abstract This chapter is a brief account of the applications of stainless steel in processes pertinent to the pulp-and-paper industry. stainless steel pulp and paper industry Summary THE PULP-AND-PAPER INDUSTRY has seen more benefits from developments in stainless steel...
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 8.16 Dendrites formed during the solidification of a metallic alloy. The spacing between the dendrite “branches” or arms in steel solidified in industrial processes range from hundreds of micrometers to millimeters. The most common measurement to characterize dendrite spacing is the spacing More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... applications and as severe as the chemically active product streams in the chemical-processing industries. Stainless steels are categorized in five distinct families according to their crystal structure and strengthening precipitates. Each family exhibits its own general characteristic in terms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...Abstract Abstract Black liquor recovery boilers are an integral part of the kraft pulping process used in paper mills. Besides recovering chemicals for reuse, they also produce process steam. High operating temperatures and exposure to process chemicals and combustion byproducts make recovery...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... the German invasion. His name was William J. Kroll, and his titanium process became the basis for the titanium industry for the United States and overseas ( FIG. 9.2 ). This was not the first time that Kroll had been to the United States. He was in the United States in 1932 during an attempt to sell...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
...” reasons for failures may not always reach the designer. Indeed, communication to contractors, who are closest to the application, is even poorer. Studies have shown that, while management is always informed of the reasons for failure in the chemical-processing industry, site personnel are informed only 77...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... are reviewed. The background and purpose of each application are presented and practical cases are discussed. high-pressure cold spray process automotive industry additive manufacturing fabrication methods protective coatings THE COLD SPRAY (or cold gas dynamic spray, CGDS) process is a novel...