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Chemical processing equipment, corrosion

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Pleasant, OH in 1967 resulted in the loss of 46 lives and cost millions of dollars. Perhaps most dangerous of all is corrosion that occurs in major industrial plants, such as electrical power plants or chemical processing plants. Plant shutdowns can and do occur as a result of corrosion. This is just...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... of the corrosive environment and equipment operating conditions. This review requires input from knowledgeable process engineers. Precise definition of the chemical environment, including the presence of trace compounds, is vital. For example, the nickel-molybdenum alloy Hastelloy B-2 (UNS N10665) is highly...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Abstract This chapter discusses the techniques applicable to the diagnosis of corrosion failures, including visual and microscopic examination of corroded surfaces and microstructure; chemical analysis of the metal, corrosion products, and bulk environment; nondestructive evaluation methods...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... and development at Continental Oil Company. This later work resulted in several installations of anodic protection to control the corrosion of chemical plant equipment ( Ref 3 – 6 ). Simultaneous investigations at the Pulp and Paper Institute of Canada led to installation of anodic protection to protect pulp...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... in the chapters that follow. Process Benefits Ferritic nitrocarburizing improves the surface characteristics of plain carbon steels, low-alloy steels, cast irons, and sintered ferrous alloys. As described in later sections of this chapter, resistance to wear, fatigue, and corrosion are improved...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
..., inadvertent use of acids and caustic chemicals can cause damage to the boiler. The presence of either of these chemicals can cause corrosion of the boiler tubes. The failure of any process equipment such as heat exchangers and pumps is normally a source for ingress of oils and process chemicals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter presents the primary considerations and mechanisms for corrosion and how they are involved in the selection of materials for process equipment in petroleum refineries and petrochemical plants. In addition, specific information on mechanical properties, corrosion, sulfide...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...) up to the atmospheric boiling point. However, the presence of small quantities of oxidizing metal ions, such as ferric ion (Fe 3+ ), will result in severe corrosion. Other operating conditions that require definition, especially for equipment used in the chemical-processing industry, include...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... of equipment. Since this revolution occurred in the 1990s before the latest surge in nickel prices, it is safe to say that future pulp-and-paper projects will be essentially the exclusive domain of duplex stainless steels because of their lower cost per unit of corrosion resistance, high strength, and near...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... Abstract This chapter presents the salts used and the process advantages of salt bath nitriding. It describes bath testing and analysis including the materials and equipment, analysis procedure, and determination of sodium carbonate and sodium cyanate for titration testing of the nitriding salt...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... enamels, general metal finishing Chlorinated rubber Solvent Air dry Water, alkali, acid resistance Abrasion resistance, hardness, gloss, sensitivity to solvents Moderate Maintenance coatings, ship bottom paints, swimming pool paints, chemical process equipment Epoxy Solvent, waterborne...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... array of products that we see or use every day ( Fig. 7 ). In products ranging from jet engines to automotive components to biomedical implants, thermal spray technology reduces cost and extends useful life. Industrial machinery, chemical process equipment, power generation equipment, and other products...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... castings are used in chemical processing plants and corrosive environments. Wear Resistance of cast steels is reviewed in Chapter 19 . It varies from a relatively soft medium carbon steel of .25 percent carbon to the extremely hard “work-hardening” manganese grades and the high chrome irons. Cast...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... as a primer on bridges, offshore structures, and steel in the building and chemical-processing industries. Used as a weldable preconstruction primer in the automotive and shipbuilding industries. Use eliminates pitting corrosion. Zinc-rich organic Galvanic protection afforded by the zinc content...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... equipment, maintenance, or repair. Actual Process Streams Actual process streams reveal the synergistic effects of combinations of chemicals or contaminants. In addition, the possibility is remote that the corrosion of specific coupons contaminates the process and affects the corrosion resistance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... steels are used in marine applications, nuclear and fossil fuel power plants, and transportation, chemical processing, mining, construction, and metal- processing equipment. All of these areas present unique corrosion problems. Corrosive Service As a rule, only the low-carbon, or mild, steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... Alloys Nickel-copper alloys are strong and tough, offering corrosion resistance in various environments, including brine, sulfuric, and other acids, and are immune to chloride ion stress corrosion. They are used in chemical processing and pollution control equipment. Alloy 400 (Monel) is a nickel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
..., processability, aesthetics, and the influence of design features. cleaning corrosion hydrogen embrittlement inorganic coating mechanical properties organic coating residual stress wear THE DESIGN ENGINEER is faced with a wide range of options when selecting a surface treatment for a given...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... materials for chemicals constitute a complex and demanding process where corrosion (in all its many forms) is an inherent hazard. The costs in terms of lost production, the replacement of materials of construction, and the constant personnel involvement in corrosion control are substantial...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... Hydrogen Embrittlement Testing of Plating Processes and Aircraft Maintenance Chemicals • F 746, Test Method for Pitting or Crevice Corrosion of Metallic Surgical Implant • F 897, Test Method for Measuring Fretting Corrosion of Osteosynthesis Plates and Screws • F 945, Test Method for Stress...