1-20 of 97 Search Results for

Caustic embrittlement

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Image
Published: 01 December 2018
Fig. 6.105 Boiler tube showing cracking due to caustic embrittlement More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
..., including general corrosion, under-deposit corrosion, microbially induced corrosion, flow-accelerated corrosion, stress-assisted corrosion, erosion-corrosion, cavitation, oxygen pitting, stress-corrosion cracking, and caustic embrittlement. The discussion is supported by several illustrations and relevant...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... corrosion or phosphate hide out Microbially induced corrosion Flow-assisted corrosion (FAC) Erosion corrosion Cavitation damage Oxygen attack or oxygen pitting Stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) Caustic stress-corrosion cracking or caustic embrittlement Stress-assisted corrosion (SAC...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract This chapter takes a practical approach to the problem of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in stainless steels, explaining how different application environments affect different grades of stainless steel. It describes the causes of stress-corrosion cracking in chloride, caustic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., bromides, iodides, and fluorides), sulfur-bearing compounds (such as H2S and sulfur-oxyanions), high-temperature and supercritical water, and caustics (such as NaOH), while accounting for temperature, composition, microstructure, properties, environmental contaminants, and other factors. The chapter also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... a shutdown, corrosion can be caused by pockets of water left in the process units and associated piping. Most petroleum refining and petrochemical plant operations involve flammable hydrocarbon streams, highly toxic or explosive gases, and strong acids or caustics that are often at elevated temperatures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... metal, such as sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide. caustic dip. A strongly alkaline solution into which metal is immersed for etching, for neutralizing acid, or for removing organic materials such as greases or paints. caustic embrittlement or caustic cracking. An obsolete historical term denoting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... in certain other problems. Hydrogen coming from moisture in certain weld consumables or during nonoptimal field welding conditions can become dissolved in liquid weld metal. This dissolved hydrogen can cause cracking during solidification, as well as embrittlement of the weld. Dissolved hydrogen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... ( Ref 18.12 , 18.15 , 18.22 – 18.24 ). In the late 19th century, cracking in sodium hydroxide (NaOH)—formerly known as caustic embrittlement—was a serious problem in riveted steam boilers ( Ref 18.15 , 18.25 ), where the faying surfaces under the rivets provided ideal places for the evaporation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910497
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
.... caustic. A strongly alkaline substance. Also, a hydroxide of a light metal, such as sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide. caustic embrittlement. An obsolete historical term denoting a form of stress-corrosion cracking most frequently encountered in carbon steels or iron-chromium-nickel alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
..., chlorination, ion exchange, demineralization, reverse osmosis, caustic and chelant treatment, oxygen scavenging, and colloidal, carbonate, phosphate, and sodium aluminate conditioning. boiler tubes carryover corrosion scaling water chemistry internal water treatment external water treatment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... stresses. These high residual tensile stresses can drastically reduce the fatigue strength or have other ramifications in service. Overheating can cause excessive grain growth, with resulting increases in hardenability and increased embrittlement. Underheating can cause poor mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... 122 – 127 6.13 Bain D. and Christophersen D. , Some Common Mechanisms Leading to Failures in Heat Recovery Steam Generators , Corrosion 2003 , NACE International , March 2003 , p 185 – 213 6.14 Dooley R.B. and Bursik A. , Caustic Gouging , Power Point...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... 1282 186 >2600 6534 651 Source: Ref 2.52 2.3.6 Hydroxides Stress-corrosion cracking of steels due to sodium hydroxide, generally called “caustic cracking” or “embrittlement,” has been a phenomenon most commonly associated with steam boilers. Recent SCC problems with continuous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
... acid embrittlement, caustic embrittlement, corrosion embrittlement, creep-rupture embrittlement, hydrogen embrittlement, liquid metal embrittlement, Appendix B: Glossary of Practical Heat Treating Terms / 241 neutron embrittlement, solder embrittlement, solid metal embrittlement, and stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.9781627084567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...). This results in embrittlement and susceptibility to intergranular corrosion in certain environments, such as high-temperature caustic. Where embrittlement and intergranular corrosion must be avoided, alloy 201 (UNS N02201), with a maximum carbon content of 0.02%, is specified. Titanium as a carbide...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of a tensile stress and a specific corrodent. Corrodents known to cause SCC in stainless steels are chloride solutions at elevated temperatures, caustic solutions, acids, aqueous solutions containing sulfur compounds, and high-temperature (300 °C, or 570 °F) water containing traces of dissolved oxygen. For SCC...