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Carbon-manganese steel

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract Alloy steels are alloys of iron with the addition of carbon and one or more of the following elements: manganese, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, niobium, titanium, tungsten, cobalt, copper, vanadium, silicon, aluminum, and boron. Alloy steels exhibit superior mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... of the steels to be considered may contain up to 1.5% Mn and up to 0.5% Mo, we need to note that the presence of these alloying elements can affect both the eutectoid composition and the eutectoid temperature ( Fig. 3.13 and 3.14 ). Manganese additions reduce the carbon content of the eutectoid composition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
.... It explains why manganese is sometimes added to steel and how unintended consequences, such as the development of sulfide stringers, can offset the benefits. It also examines the effect of alloying elements on the iron-carbon phase diagram, particularly their effect on transformation temperatures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... 12 xx Resulfurized and rephosphorized 15 xx Plain carbon (max Mn range: 1.00–1.65) Manganese low-alloy steels 13 xx Mn 1.75 Nickel low-alloy steels 23 xx Ni 3.50 25 xx Ni 5.00 Nickel-chromium low-alloy steels 31 xx Ni 1.25; Cr 0.65 and 0.80 32 xx Ni 1.75...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
...Types and approximate percentages of identifying elements in standard carbon steels Table 1 Types and approximate percentages of identifying elements in standard carbon steels Series designation Description 10XX Nonresulfurized, 1.00 manganese maximum 11XX Resulfurized 12XX...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
..., and sintered steels and the morphology of manganese sulfide inclusions in castings. carbon content inclusions pearlite proeutectoid cementite proeutectoid ferrite We have now dealt with the structures of annealed and normalized steels containing up to about 0.25% C. The pearlite constituent...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
.... It explains that gas-carburizing atmospheres contain water vapor and carbon dioxide, providing oxygen that reacts with alloying elements, particularly manganese, chromium, and silicon. It examines the composition and distribution of oxides produced in different steels and assesses the resulting composition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Solidification Method Product Forms Finishing Method Microstructure Required Strength Level Heat Treatment Quality Descriptors All steels are iron-carbon alloys with carbon contents from 0.02% to less than 2%. The so-called plain carbon steels contain small amounts of manganese...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...-pearlite steels, which use additions of alloying elements such as niobium and vanadium to increase strength (and thereby increase load-carrying ability) of hot-rolled steel without increasing carbon and/or manganese contents. Extensive studies during the 1960s on the effects of niobium and vanadium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... been reported, it is more common in carbon and carbon-manganese steels than in higher-alloy grades ( Ref 1 ). An example of preferential corrosion in the HAZ of a carbon steel weldment is shown in Fig. 1 . This phenomenon has been observed in a wide range of aqueous environments, the common link...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...Carbon steels classified according to carbon content Table 1 Carbon steels classified according to carbon content Carbon, % Low-carbon steel Mild steel Medium-carbon steel High-carbon steel Ref ≤0.15 0.15–0.30 0.30–0.50 0.50–1.00 1 ≤0.15 0.15–0.35 0.35–0.60 0.60...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... 1.1282, D95S3 1.1291, MK97 1.1545, C105W1 1.1645, C105W2 G4801 SUP4 1449 95HS 1449 95CS 970 060A99 A35-553 XC100 3545 C100 7064 C100 1870 Cross-references of standard SAE carbon-manganese steels to selected chemically similar steels Table A7.2 Cross-references of standard SAE carbon...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... are in low-carbon steels, grades that are regarded as being comparatively straightforward to weld. Brazing and braze welding processes involve melting an alloy that has a liquidus temperature below that of the steel but above 450 °C, [1] the molten alloy is made to wet the surfaces of the workpieces...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter addresses the issue of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in carbon and low-alloy steels. It discusses crack initiation, propagation, and fracture in aqueous chloride, hydrogen sulfide, sulfuric acid, hydroxide, ammonia, nitrate, ethanol, methanol, and hydrogen gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Steels References References 1. Bain E.C. , Davenport E.S. , and Waring W.S.N. , The Equilibrium Diagram of Iron-Manganese-Carbon Alloys of Commercial Purity , Trans. AIME , Vol 100 , 1932 , p 228 2. Shih C.H. , Averbach B.L. , and Cohen M. , Work...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... with adding high amounts of manganese. See, for example, the article “ Austenitic Manganese Steels .” Fig. 33 Relation between gouging wear and carbon content for various types of steel and cast iron Carbon Content Low-carbon sheet steels are generally preferred for forming. These steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... eventually disappears. During heat treatment, exposure of steel or cast iron to an oxygen-rich atmosphere for a long time and at a high temperature can cause oxygen to penetrate austenite grain boundaries and react with carbon and other elements, such as silicon, manganese, and aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... are complex oxides of manganese, silicon, and aluminum used to deoxidize steel, and Kiessling documents in detail the many oxides that may form in the MnO-SiO 2 -Al 2 O 3 ternary oxide system ( Ref 9.4 ). Zhang and Thomas present the following instructive list of sources of inclusions in low-carbon-aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
.... The easiest way to classify steels is by their chemical composition. Various alloying elements are added to iron for the purpose of attaining certain specific properties and characteristics. These elements include, but are not limited to, carbon, manganese, silicon, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, vanadium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... parts per million. Steels are iron-base alloys containing one or more alloying elements, generally including carbon, manganese, silicon, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, vanadium, titanium, niobium, and aluminum. Fig. 19.1 Classification of ferrous alloys 19.1 Brief History of Steel 19.2...