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Carbides

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the applications, compositions, and properties of cemented carbides and cermets. It explains how alloying elements, grain size, and binder content influence the properties and behaviors of cemented carbides. It also discusses the properties of steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter describes heat treatments that produce uniform grain structures, reduce residual stresses, and improve ductility and machinability. It also discusses spheroidizing treatments that improve strength and toughness by promoting dispersions of spherical carbides in a ferrite matrix...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Fig. 10.17 Cermet hardfacing containing carbide spheres in a metal matrix. Original magnification: 100× Fig. 10.18 Microstructure of titanium carbide cermet with a stainless steel matrix. Original magnification: 800× Fig. 10.19 Two-body abrasion test results of various...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
...Equilibrium states of the system Fe-Cr-C at 700 °C Table 3.1 Equilibrium states of the system Fe-Cr-C at 700 °C Steel composition, % Composition of extracted carbides (Fe 3 C), % In ferrite, % Cr Partition ratio of Cr between Fe 3 C and α-Fe Steel No. C Cr C Cr 1 1.02...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the production, properties, and uses of high-alloy white irons. It explains how the composition and melt are controlled to produce a large volume of eutectic carbides, making these irons particularly hard and resistant to wear, and how the metallic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
.... It explains how the properties of these steels are determined by alloying elements, such as tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium, manganese, and chromium, and the presence of alloy carbides. It describes the types of carbides that form and how they contribute to wear resistance, toughness, high-temperature strength...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... the presence of carbides during austenitization; plain carbon and low-alloy steels do not. This chapter describes the austenitization process used in each of the two cases, namely single-phase austenitization (the accepted method for plain carbon low-alloy steels) and two-phase austenitization (required...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... primary types, including high-speed and shock-resisting steels, and their associated subtype groups (W, L, S, O, A, D, H, M, and T series). It also discusses the types of carbides found in tool steels and their influence on mechanical properties. The chapter concludes with a discussion on heat treatment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... earth metals, rhenium, rhodium, selenium, tellurium, silicon, silver, tantalum, tin, titanium, tungsten, vanadium, and zinc, as well as carbides, oxides, and nitrides. carbides etchants metals microstructure oxides Etchants for Aluminum and Alloys Etchants for Antimony and Bismuth...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...Abstract Abstract This article explains how malleable iron is produced and how its microstructure and properties differ from those of gray and ductile iron. Malleable iron is first cast as white iron then annealed to convert the iron carbide into irregularly shaped graphite particles called...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... elements and carbides affect toughness, hardness, ductility, and strength as well as resistance to heat, corrosion, and wear. cobalt-base corrosion-resistant alloys cobalt-base heat resistant alloys cobalt-base wear-resistant alloys Composition Introduction and Overview Cobalt-Base Wear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., tungsten, and molybdenum, and related oxides and carbides. copper contact alloys gold contact alloys molybdenum contact alloys palladium contact alloys platinum contact alloys silver contact alloys tungsten contact alloys Composition Introduction and Overview Silver Contact Alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the synthesis of important beryllium compounds, including beryllium borides, beryllium carbide, beryllium carbonates, beryllium carboxylates, beryllium halides, beryllium hydride, beryllium hydroxide, beryllium nitrate, beryllium nitride, beryllium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... of the native oxides that form on the surface of beryllium and their ability to withstand acids, bases, and corrosive agents found in rain and seawater. It explains how carbides, inclusions, ions, and impurities contribute to corrosion damage, particularly pitting, and how corrosion reduces the ductility...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
...Abstract Abstract This chapter examines the isothermal phase transformations of the iron-carbide system. The discussion includes the formation of ferritic, eutectoid, hypoeutectoid, hypereutectoid, bainitic, and martensitic microstructures as well as their properties, composition...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... of elevated fracture, namely, rupture, transgranular fracture, and intergranular fracture. The next section focuses on some of the metallurgical instabilities caused by overaging, intermetallic phase precipitation, and carbide reactions. Subsequent sections address creep life prediction and creep-fatigue...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... carbide coatings, and boronizing. surface hardening steel pack carburizing liquid carburizing gas carburizing vacuum carburizing plasma carburizing gas nitriding liquid nitriding carbonitriding hardfacing flame hardening induction hardening aluminizing siliconizing chromizing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., such as cemented carbides. It also describes the methods of applying coatings to cutting tools to improve tool life. tool materials water-hardening tool steels shock-resisting tool steels cold work tool steels hot work tool steels low-alloy special-purpose tool steels mold tool steels high-speed tool...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... at 850 °C (1560 °F). Equiaxial ferrite. Etchant: Vilella. Courtesy of C. S. Viana, EEIMVR-UFF. Volta Redonda, RJ, Brazil. Source: Ref 8 Fig. 16.10 AIS 430A steel hot rolled. Elongated ferrite grains. Presence of fine precipitates, possibly carbides. Etchant: Vilella. Courtesy of C. S. Viana...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... temperatures, hydrogen atoms can be absorbed at the surface and then diffuse into the metal. Hydrogen atoms in the metal then react with iron carbide forming methane gas which can accumulate at grain boundaries and other interfaces. The chapter describes two applications, one in coal-fired boilers, the other...