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C*-integral

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... time-dependent fracture mechanics. It also introduces two new fracture indices, the J-integral for handling large-scale yielding and the C*-integral for creep crack growth, providing close-form and handbook solutions for each. C*-integral creep crack growth rate J-integral nonlinear fracture...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... Abstract The scanning acoustic microscope (SAM) is an important tool for development of improved molded and flip chip packages. The SAM used for integrated circuit inspection is a hybrid instrument with characteristics of both the Stanford SAM and the C-scan recorder. This chapter presents the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... over those brazed with a flux. Soldering, by definition, involves temperatures below 450 °C (840 °F); therefore, aluminum alloy filler metals are not used in soldering aluminum. Most solders for aluminum fall into one of three categories: (a) low-temperature lead-tin types, (b...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... , 2000 12. Murata Y. , Suga K. , and Yukawa N. , Effects of Transition Elements on the Properties of MCrAlY Carbides in IN-100 Nickel-Based Superalloy , J. Mater. Sci. , Vol 21 ( No. 10 ), 1986 , p 3653 – 3660 10.1007/BF02403016 13. Murphy H. , Sims C. , and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... – 163 23. Gubner R. , Andersson U. , Linder M. , Nazarov A. , and Taxén C. , “Grain Boundary Corrosion of Copper Canister Weld Material,” Technical Report, TR-06-01 , Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB , Jan 2006 24. Baeslack III W.A. , Becker D.W...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... 62 , 2003 , p 449 – 459 10.1016/j.compstruct.2003.09.019 3.9 Liang C.-C. , Chen H.-W. , and Wang C.-H. , Optimum Design of Dome Contour for Filament Winding Composite Pressure Vessels Based on a Shape Factor , Compos. Struct. , Vol 58 , 2002 , p 469 – 482 10.1016/S0263...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Kelvin. Beryllium normally exists in the close-packed hexagonal (hcp) crystalline form, referred to as α-beryllium, in contrast to β-beryllium, the body-centered cubic form that is stable between 1250 °C and its melting point of 1287 °C. Some characteristics of beryllium related to the beryllium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...: (Eq 15) J c = − κ c κ e z c 2 F 2 ( κ c + κ e ) ∂ μ M ∂ x To obtain an explicit function for the cation flux, Eq 15 needs to be integrated after variable separation, keeping in mind that...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... temperature-regulating devices. Alloys of iron and nickel have coefficients of linear expansion ranging from a small negative value (–0.5 ppm/°C) to a large positive (20 ppm/°C) value. Figure 1 shows the effect of nickel content on the linear expansion of iron-nickel alloys at room temperature. In the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... , and Campbell C. , 1955 . Differential Thermal Analysis of Inorganic Compounds , Anal. Chem. , Vol 27 , p 1102 10.1021/ac60103a018 Greenfield B.F. , Hyde K.R. , and Waterman M.J. , 1962 . “ Conversion of Beryllia to Anhydrous Beryllium Chloride ,” Report AERE-R-4149...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... contrast to disordered structures where atoms may occupy any given location. Superalloys consist of the austenitic fcc matrix phase γ plus a variety of secondary phases. Secondary phases of value in controlling properties are the fcc carbides MC, M 23 C 6 , M 6 C, and M 7 C 3 (rare) in virtually...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... commonly usable at service temperatures in the 750 °C (1380 °F) range, and in some cases as high as 1090 °C (2000 °F), while some types maintain their toughness down to almost absolute zero. The iron-chromium constitution diagram in Fig. 1 shows that at about 912 °C (1670 °F), pure iron changes from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... methods for data analysis and reporting described in ASTM E 1737 should now be followed. ASTM E 1737 is more general than ASTM E 813 and describes the method for determining either J Ic or J c under plane-stress conditions. J Ic is the critical value of the J -integral at which...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
...-speed or highly alloyed tool steels can be used. Carbide tools (such as grades C-2 and C-3), if feasible, optimize production rates. General-purpose high-speed tool steels (such as grades Ml, M2, M7, and M10) also are used. However, better results are generally obtained with more highly alloyed tool...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... (b). When a volume fraction of (a) is mixed with a volume fraction of (b) in the composite microstructure (c), the composite strength is given by the rule of mixtures as: σ c = f a σ a + f b σ b The composite ductility is given by a similar...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... manufacturability requirements ( Fig. 7.19 ). Fig. 7.19 GPM castings feeding and gating Both the structural castings of Group A and the high-pressure castings of Group B require high integrity. They require feed-driven gating designs to feed shrink porosity. The leakproof castings of Group C, which...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
...), 103 MPa (15 ksi), 2 h plus annealing at 732 °C (1350 °F), 2 h A second consideration is that the design for an integrally cast titanium component may not require quite the same strength level as would wrought ingot metallurgy material. Only after casting trials are run and properties are...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... machine products, automotive parts, cylinders and pistons, fasteners, machine parts, ordnance, recreation equipment, screws and rivets 2219 Structural uses at high temperature (to 315 °C, or 600 °F). High-strength weldments 3003 Most popular general-purpose alloy. Stronger than 1100 with same good...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... ): 023702 . 10.1063/1.3680584 [17] Kiyan T. , Brillert C. , Boit C. , “ Timing analysis of scan design integrated circuits using stimulation by an infrared diode laser in externally triggered pulsing condition ”, Microelectronics Reliability , ( 2008 ), 48 ( 8 ), pp. 1327 – 1332...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
.... References 17.1 Grossmann M.A. and Bain E.C. , Principles of Heat Treatment , 5th ed. , American Society for Metals , 1964 17.2 Williamson D.L. , Nakazawa K. , and Krauss G. , A Study of the Early Stages of Tempering in an Fe-1.2% C Alloy , Metall. Trans. A , Vol...