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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... (0.25) Chromized carbon steel 0.008 (0.32) Chromized 2.25Cr-1Mo 0.007 (0.28) Source: Ref 26 Results of field tests on austenitic stainless steel tubes and co-extruded tubes in the reheater of a 500 MW (e) boiler Table 10.10 Results of field tests on austenitic stainless steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...Analysis of deposits in terms of percent water soluble collected from the corrosion probe at metal temperatures of 475–675 °C (890–1250 °F) at 0.4% boiler oxygen in a utility boiler fired with fuel oil containing 2.65% S, 49 ppm V, and 44 ppm Na Table 11.1 Analysis of deposits in terms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...Examples of flue gas compositions generated by different WTE mass-burning boilers Table 12.1 Examples of flue gas compositions generated by different WTE mass-burning boilers Gas Composition, vol% Ogden-Martin (US) (a) Saint Ouen (France) (b) Richtlinien (Germany) (c) Kuririn...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Ridge National Laboratory. Fig. 13.1 Recovery boiler. Source: Ref 6 Fig. 13.2 Recovery boiler illustrating three zones of reactions in the furnace. Source: Ref 8 Fig. 13.3 Char beds formed in the sloped floor boiler. Source: Ref 9 Fig. 13.4 Char beds formed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... extends for more than 50 mm (2 in.). The location of test specimens to evaluate the process are indicated. Etchant: hot hydrochloric acid. Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the properties and compositions of steels used in pressure vessels, piping, boilers, rebar, and other structural...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...Abstract Abstract Boilers are engineered systems designed to convert the chemical energy in fuel into heat to generate hot water or steam. This chapter describes boiler applications and types, including firetube boilers, watertube boilers, electric boilers, packaged boilers, fluidized bed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Nominal chemical composition of low-alloy steels used in subcritical-boiler-related applications Table 4.1 Nominal chemical composition of low-alloy steels used in subcritical-boiler-related applications Type Grade specifications C Si Mn Cr Mo W Co V Nb B N Others 1-1/4 Cr...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...Data on damage classification and expended life fraction of creep damage for boiler components Table 8.1 Data on damage classification and expended life fraction of creep damage for boiler components Stage of damage Microstructure Expended life fraction Stage 1 (service rendered...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
...Abstract Abstract This chapter covers the failure modes and mechanisms associated with boiler components and the tools and techniques used to assess damages and predict remaining component life. It begins with a review of the design and operation of a utility boiler and the materials used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... and the role of diffusion, nucleation, and growth. It also discusses alloying, heat treating, and defect formation and briefly covers condenser tube materials. alloying elements austenitic stainless steels boiler tubes condenser tubes continuous cooling transformation diagram creep-resistant steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...Inclusion rating in a boiler tube sample Table 5.1 Inclusion rating in a boiler tube sample Type A Type B Type C Type D Thin Thick/heavy Thin Thick/heavy Thin Thick/heavy Thin Thick/heavy Inclusion rating … 2.5 … … … … 1.5 1.0 Comparative data...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...Abstract Abstract Water chemistry is a factor in nearly all boiler tube failures. It contributes to the formation of scale, biofilms, and sludge, determines deposition rates, and drives the corrosion process. This chapter explains how water chemistry is managed in boilers and describes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Abstract Abstract Boiler tubes subjected to cyclic or fluctuating loads over extended periods of time are prone to fatigue failure. Fatigue can occur at relatively low stresses and is implicated in almost 80% of the tube failures in firetube boilers. This chapter covers the most common forms of boiler...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the effects of corrosion on boiler tube surfaces exposed to water and steam. It describes the process of corrosion, the formation of scale, and the oxides of iron from which it forms. It addresses the primary types of corrosion found in boiler...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Fig. 6.126 Erosion and longitudinal rupture of boiler tube due to misaligned soot blower Fig. 6.127 (a) Eroded surface of a screen tube near bend. (b) SEM image of area eroded due to furnace gases containing fly ash, 100× Fig. 6.131 Superheater tube cut by steam leaking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides an outline of the failure modes and mechanisms associated with most boiler tube failures in coal-fired power plants. Primary categories include stress rupture failures, water-side corrosion, fire-side corrosion, fire-side erosion, fatigue, operation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...° bending and (b) opposite end view showing a burst opening with disordered contours Fig. 6.24 (a) Scattered recesses at rupture lips, 200×. (b) Heavily deformed grain structure at rupture lip indicative of plastic deformation, 400× Fig. 6.1 (a) Thick-lip rupture in a boiler tube due...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... in an austenitic stainless steel pipe, 100× Abstract Abstract Fossil fuels produce many byproducts that, if not fully combusted, put boiler tubes at risk. Fuel ash, chemical residues, and process heat pose the greatest threat and are the primary contributors to fireside corrosion. This chapter covers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... revealing plate-like and spongy morphology of particles, 75× Fig. 6.151 SEM image showing thicknesses of multiple layers of plate-like particles Abstract Abstract This chapter examines boiler tube failures attributed to operation-related causes. It discusses failures due to rapid start...