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Blooms

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... be reversed. Rolling then takes place alternately in two opposite directions. Reversing mills are among the most widely used in industry and can be used to produce slabs, blooms, plates, billets, rounds, and partially formed sections suitable for rolling into finished shapes on other mills. Vacuum-melted...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Fig. 3.28 Microstructure of an AISI/SAE 1080 steel bloom showing excessive decarburization along (a) the bloom surface and a shallow crack and (b) a magnified view at the crack tip. Note that ferrite has nucleated on the prior austenite grain boundaries. 4% picral etch. (a) 40× and (b) 100...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... 16.1 . In addition to shaping the metal, bulk deformation is used to refine the structure that results from solidification. To refine the inhomogeneous structure resulting from solidification, cast ingots and continuously cast slabs and blooms are typically hot worked into intermediate product forms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... to provide the coke necessary for blast furnace operation. Electric arc furnace (EAF) steelmaking does not require coke or hot metal and relies solely on scrap steel charges. As a result of such increased efficiency, EAF steelmaking is now almost exclusively used to produce the blooms and billets...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... of Fig. 2.2 is an overall picture of steel production starting from liquid pig iron. The vertical integration of pig iron to rolling, blooms, slabs, and plates is driven by the economics and competitiveness of the commodity market. The basic oxygen furnace (BOF) process is based on this approach...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... 19.4.3 Ladle Metallurgy 19.4.4 Residual Elements and Cleanliness 19.4.5 Ingot Casting 19.4.6 Continuous Casting Semifinished blooms, billets, and slabs are transported from the steelmaking plant to the rolling mills. Steel products are classified into two basic types according...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.9781627082914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... for rolling. Two-high (reversing and nonreversing) and three-high mills are normally used for both breakdown and finishing of flat products and shapes. Reversing two-high mills are often used for processing heavy pieces and long lengths of slabs, blooms, plates, and rounds. Fig. 9.6 Typical rolling...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... – 1076 . 1-2.5 Classification of Macroetch Features 1-2.3 Macroetchants for Revealing Strain Patterns 1-2.4 Macroetch Specifications 1-3.2 Billet and Bloom Macrostructures 1-3 Applications of Macroetching 1-3.1 Solidification Structures 1-2 Visualization and Evaluation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... in Table C-1 . Unit and hardness conversion factors are listed in Tables D-1 through D-7 . Table E-1 lists ISO specifications for steel castings. Plain Carbon Steels—Bars, Rods, Wire, Blooms, Billets and Slabs (<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t68200422-ref1">1</xref>) Table A-1 Plain Carbon Steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... information in sulfur prints. Print (a) corresponds to the macrograph of Fig. 15.36(b) . Print (b) corresponds to the macrograph of Fig. 15.36(c) . Courtesy of M. Oliveira and M. Talarico, CETEC, MG, Brazil. Fig. 15.38 Transverse cross sections of blooms rolled from continuous casting billets...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
.... Solidification Structures Billet and Bloom Macrostructures Continuously Cast Steel Macrostructures Forging Flow Lines Grain or Cell Size Alloy Segregation Weldments Response to Heat Treatment An object appears to increase in size as it is brought closer to the eye. In determining...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
..., or “critical” alloying elements. Application of alloy phase diagrams in processing includes their use to select proper parameters for working ingots, blooms, and billets, finding causes and cures for microporosity and cracks in castings and welds, controlling solution heat treating to prevent damage caused...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... on temperature, time at temperature, nature of furnace atmosphere, reduction of area between the bloom and the finished size, and the type of steel. Figure 9.1(a) and (c) show two examples of decarburization. Figure 9.1(a) shows surface decarburization and the increase in surface hardness, with hardness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... produces a grain structure between that of VAR and typical cast product, with commensurate intermediate segregation patterns. Continuous slab, billet, and bloom casting have become the standard methods of making stainless steel primary products, replacing the obsolete ingot method. There are some...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... for Macrostructural Evaluation ,” E1180-08 (Reapproved 2014), ASTM , 2014 5. Bramfitt B.L. and Benscoter A.O. , Common Etchants for Irons and Steels , Adv. Mat. Proc. , June 2002 , p 42 – 43 6. “ Method of Macroetch Testing Steel Bars, Billets, Blooms, and Forgings ,” E381-01...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Premium-quality alloy steel blooms and billets for aircraft and aerospace forgings A711 Carbon and alloy steel blooms, billets, and slabs for forging Fig. 17.10 Variation in Charpy V-notch impact energy with temperature for furnace-cooled Fe-Mn-0.05C alloys containing varying amounts...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... photochemistry. In addition to its light-absorbing capability, the performance of an ultraviolet absorber depends on its compatibility with the polymer matrix and its long-term permanence. If the ultraviolet absorber is incompatible with the polymer, it will tend to bloom out of the polymer and be ineffective...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.9781627082587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7