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Bellows, corrosion

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... A failure analysis expert often is handed a failed component and then asked the simple question, “What caused this failure?” Performing a metallurgical evaluation may reveal fatigue striations or corrosion as the physical root cause. However, that may not be the reason the failure occurred. Most...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
..., and the damages to the plant and the community were inevitable. It may be recalled that the court of inquiry concluded that when the leaking reactor No. 5 was replaced by a dog-leg pipe with bellows at the two ends, to bridge reactors 4 and 6, there was no proper design study, no proper consideration...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... of the vibration it absorbs. The material used must have exceptional formability to be formed into a bellows. The greater hot strength and formability of austenitic steels thus prevails. The exible joint is also exposed to road salt in some regions, so it must resist hot salt corrosion. This may force the use...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... Overloading Ill-trained operators Unexpected service conditions Temperature and stress excursions Vibrations Changes in environment Environmental Effects Various types of chemical corrosion Stress corrosion Corrosion fatigue Erosion Maintenance Wrong...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... both limits and advantages. In service at elevated temperature, the life of a metal component is predictably limited, whether subject to static or dynamic loads. In contrast, at lower temperatures, and in the absence of a corrosive environment, the life of a component in static service is unlimited...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... on the surface. Several pits in an austenitic stainless steel thin-walled bellows are shown in Fig. 18.6 . Pitting occurs on alloys with passive films and is considered to be more dangerous than uniform corrosion damage because it is more difficult to detect, predict, design against, and can lead to a sudden...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... A.1A</xref> Table A.1B Applications and comments to selected superalloys in Table A.1A Alloy Application Comments AiResist 213 Sheets, tubing … Elgiloy Springs High strength and corrosion resistance Haynes 188 GTE combustors, flame holders, liners and transition ducts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses common forms of corrosion, including uniform corrosion, galvanic corrosion, pitting, crevice corrosion, dealloying corrosion, intergranular corrosion, and exfoliation. It describes the factors that contribute to stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen embrittlement...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
.... With the founding of these two companies, and of those that followed, titanium mill products began to be produced in sufficient quantities to enable aerospace and industrial designers to exploit the unique engineering properties of titanium: high strength, low density, and corrosion resistance. By 1951...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... of particulates or on matrices reinforced with whiskers or fibers. Composites The first known fiberglass-reinforced composite product was a boat hull manufactured in the mid-1930s. Fiberglass-reinforced composites applications have revolutionized the aerospace, sporting goods, marine, electrical, corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter outlines the step-by-step processes by which materials are selected in order to prevent or control corrosion and includes information on materials that are resistant to the various forms of corrosion. The various forms of corrosion covered are general (uniform) corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Abstract Corrosion problems can be divided into eight categories based on the appearance of the corrosion damage or the mechanism of attack: uniform or general corrosion; pitting corrosion; crevice corrosion, including corrosion under tubercles or deposits, filiform corrosion, and poultice...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., have superb spring qualities, high fatigue resistance, excellent formability and solderability, and high corrosion resistance. They are primarily produced as strip for electrical products. Other uses include corrosion-resistant bellows, diaphragms, and spring washers. Leaded (Cu-Sn-P-Pb) Tin...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter presents the primary considerations and mechanisms for corrosion and how they are involved in the selection of materials for process equipment in petroleum refineries and petrochemical plants. In addition, specific information on mechanical properties, corrosion, sulfide...
Book Chapter

By Kenneth A. Walsh
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... corrosion resistance High electrical and thermal conductivity Nonmagnetic Copper-beryllium dies for plastic pressing High hardness and thermal conductivity Copper-beryllium electrodes for resistance welding High hardness and electrical conductivity Safety tools in mines and oil tankers...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... in steel mill products; and corrosion, erosion, and physical abuse on parts that have been in service. Visual Inspection Procedure The part should first be carefully examined with the naked eye. Then, magnifying devices may be used to further examine suspect areas revealed by the naked eye...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Abstract Durability is a generic term used to describe the performance of a material or a component made from that material in a given application. In order to be durable, a material must resist failure by wear, corrosion, fracture, fatigue, deformation, and exposure to a range of service...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... compatible with the chemistry of the components being joined both environmentally (corrosion, oxidation, etc.) and mechanically (acceptable yield, tensile, and other mechanical properties), but not necessarily the composition of any of the components being joined. Fusion welding effects a metallurgical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
.... Bellows, a device used for blowing air into a fire, were used to raise the temperature. With further refinements, this process was used for many centuries to produce what we call “ wrought iron .” During the many early years that humans used iron, wrought iron was the dominant form. It could be worked hot...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... resistance and low density) Pistons and valves (wear resistance and capability of developing a thermal barrier by high-temperature oxidation treatment) Bellows for expansion joints to be used in corrosive environments (good aqueous corrosion resistance) Tooling (high-temperature strength and wear...