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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... corrosion, and use of Pourbaix diagrams. The phenomenon of precipitation runoff on the corroded metal surface is then discussed. The chapter also describes the role of microbes or bacteria in the corrosion of metals. It concludes by providing information on the trends in atmospheric corrosion research...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... influenced corrosion. It ends with some information on the inhibition of corrosion by the action of bacteria. microbiologically influenced corrosion biofilms corrosion prevention corrosion rate A GREAT VARIETY of microscopic organisms (microorganisms) are present in virtually all natural...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... systems, and pipelines. The following sections provide information on the factors influencing corrosivity of produced fluids and the methods of inhibitor application. The chapter discusses the primary causes of corrosion problems and inhibition in waterfloods and provides an overview of bacteria-induced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... bacteria on corrosion, is addressed in a separate section. Acidity/Alkalinity A wide variety of acid or alkaline conditions are encountered in common environments. As shown in Fig. 1 , environments can range from strong acids, represented by low pHs (e.g., pH≤1); to neutral environments with pH 7...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... by the presence and activities of microorganisms, including bacteria and fungi. It has been estimated that 20 to 30% of external corrosion on underground pipelines is MIC-related ( Ref 5 ). Microorganisms located at the metal surface do not directly attack the metal or cause a unique form of corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... for the ozone to attack. Microbiological Attack The resin portion of a plastic material is generally not susceptible to attack by fungi or bacteria. It is the additives, such as plasticizers, lubricants, stabilizers, pigments, and their carrier systems, that can be susceptible to microbiologic attack...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., water, inorganic salts, and products associated with the normal metabolic processes of the bacteria ( Ref 4 ). When applied to plastics, the definition of biodegradation may be stated as the conversion of all constituents of a plastic or hybrid material containing plastics to carbon dioxide, inorganic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
...; prevention differs with the individual case and the conditions. Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) occurs in the presence of bacteria or microorganisms, whereby the by-products produced by the microorganisms are harmful to the material and, in turn, lead to corrosion. Microorganisms can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... bacteria and fungi. Normally, MIC is not observed in a boiler when in operation because MIC-related bacteria generally grow in the temperature range 4 to 80 °C (40 to 175 °F). However, MIC can occur when the boiler is idle or out of service and during transportation due to improper handling. In addition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... 1996 3 “ The Application of High Corrosion Resistance Stainless Steel YUS270 in Food Processing Facilities and Equipment ,” Nippon Steel Technical Report 87, Jan 2003 4 Holah J.T. and Thorpe R.H. , Bacteria Retention on Cleaned Surfaces , J. Appl. Bacteriol. , Vol 69...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... more information on this form of attack. Biological Effects The most important biological effect on corrosion in oil and gas production is the generation of H 2 S by sulfate-reducing bacteria—SRB— (Desulfovibrio Desulfuricans) . These are anaerobic bacteria that metabolize sulfate ions (using...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... Deposit color can also be an indication of the types of microorganisms that are active in the system. For example, iron bacteria deposits on stainless steel, such as those produced by Gallionella , are often reddish. Investigators have shown that in almost all cases the environment causing the damage...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
...-reducing bacteria (SRB) (e.g., Desulfovibrio ) Anaerobic Reduce sulfate ( SO 4 2 − ) to sulfide (S 2– ), which usually shows up as hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S) or, if Fe is available, as black iron sulfide (FeS) S 2– Sulfur/sulfide oxidizing bacteria (e.g., Thiobacillus...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
..., dust, sand, and silt particles, which are inorganic in nature. Suspended impurities in water make water turbid. Organic materials in the form of microorganisms such as algae, fungi, and bacteria, as well as natural organic matter from the decay of dead plants and animals in the form of fulvic and humic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... that accelerate attack include increases in the velocity or the acidity of the water, increases in the relative motion or agitation between the metal and the water, increases in temperature or aeration, and the presence of certain forms of bacteria. Note that water must contain oxygen to be corrosive, unless...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... for compatibility with cathodic protection systems. In addition, resistance to soil stresses may be required. In atmospheric corrosion, resistance to ultraviolet degradation, bacteria, and fungi is sometimes an important consideration. The coating process can be broken down into the following steps...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.9781627083027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7