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Axles

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...Chemical analysis of nose landing gear piston axle Table 1 Chemical analysis of nose landing gear piston axle Chemical composition, % Si Mn Ni Cr Mo V Fe 1.42 0.72 1.79 0.68 0.49 0.008 bal Allowable chemistries of the submitted bolts Table 2 Allowable...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Chemical composition of the axle material Table 8 Chemical composition of the axle material Composition, wt% C Mn Si P S Ni Cr Mo 0.17 0.63 0.23 0.10 0.011 1.45 1.59 0.30 Mechanical properties at room temperature Table 9 Mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... reduction ABS housings Mass reduction Body Front cross member Vehicle front-axle mass reduction Middle cross member Body mass reduction Shock towers Body mass reduction A & B pillars Body mass reduction Instrument panels Cabin noise reduction Engine Cylinder head Front axle...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... where the fatigue fracture of the axle presented in Fig. 15.24 (Chapter 15, “Engineered Special Bar Quality Steel (Engineered Steels),” in this book) started. (a) The radial aspect of the marks inside the defect that started the fatigue failure. (b) A view of the region where fatigue started...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... for heating and quenching, as employed for the thermal treatments indicated. AF, audio frequency; RF, radio frequency. Source: Ref 6 Fig. 10.2 Bending fatigue response of furnace-hardened and induction-hardened medium-carbon steel tractor axles. Shaft diameter: 70 mm (2.75 in.). Fillet radius: 1.6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... Fretting Damage on an A357 Transmission Housing B-1 Forward Equipment Bay Panel TD-63 Hydraulic Actuator Body Al-2024 and Al-7075 Aircraft Components B-1 Nose Landing Gear False Axle LAU-128 Missile Rail Aging Aircraft Hinge Fitting B-1B Chafing The HPCS repair process has been...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... and is called fatigue failure. Consider an axle supporting a load heavy enough to cause it to bend down slightly at its center point between the wheels, as shown schematically in Fig. 5.13 . This bending will cause the metal to be pulled apart at the location T and also to be pushed together at the location...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
.... Etchant: picral 4%. Courtesy of ArcelorMittal Tubarão, ES, Brazil. Fig. 15.24 Fatigue failure in a forged railway axle. The wheel is still mounted in the axle. The fracture started at the radius transition corresponding to the area of the axis where the wheel is assembled. The arrow indicates...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
.... 12.3 . Another example, illustrating preforming for a truck axle forging, is seen in Fig. 12.4 . Fig. 12.3 Example of preforming by reducer rolling in forging of connecting rods. (a) Preforms prepared in reducer rolls. (b) Finish forging before and after trimming. [ Altan et al., 1973...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... applications. Induction-hardened tractor axles have a significant increase in bending fatigue over axles that are conventionally furnace hardened. Axles and shafts are also induction case hardened to produce high torsional strength, and many parts such as gears are selectively induction hardened to provide...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... carbon steel bars Merchant quality Special hardenability Special internal soundness Nonmetallic inclusion requirement Special surface Scrapless nut quality Axle shaft quality Cold extrusion quality Cold-heading/forging quality Cold-finished carbon steel bars Standard quality Special...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... examples of material testing by means of eddy-current testing Table 12.7 Application examples of material testing by means of eddy-current testing Component Parameters to be tested Bearing parts Case depth, structure, and hardness pattern Axle components Case depth, structure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... is elongated inward, toward the axle. This indicates that the rim had exerted a very heavy force on this tie-rod before the nut had been sheared off. Fig. CH10.3 Fracture surface of the hub Metallography and Scanning Electron Fractography Discussion Conclusion and Recommendations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...-temperature toughness, ductility, and resistance to corrosion. The metallurgists equipped a car with axles made from this new nickel alloy steel. The steel was manufactured by the Bethlehem Steel Company. The axles survived a 1600 km (1000 mile) trip from Kokomo, IN, to New York City over roads generally...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... >200 >8 3.2 0.125 Source: Ref 2 Fig. 9.15 Grain-boundary oxidation and melting due to overheating during forging. Unetched. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 9.8 Quench cracks in axle shaft flange radius. Source: Ref 4 Fig. 9.9 Quench crack in induction-hardened shoulder...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... (asterisks) are quite common in this type of part. Also, multiple fatigue origins are quite common with parts under high nominal stress; ratchet marks perpendicular to the surface separate adjacent fatigue areas. Modified from Ref 4 Fig. 24 Large axle shaft of medium-carbon steel with fatigue...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... in specifying a 5% nickel steel for axles ( FIG. 5.3 ). The first attempt at alloy steel specifications was by a group known as the Association of Licensed Automobile Manufacturers. In 1910, they issued specifications written by Henry Souther for a nickel steel, two nickel-chromium steels, and three carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... between bearing and axle. 7.1 Solidification Structures of Monotectics Acknowledgment References References 7.1 Rhines F.N. , Phase Diagrams in Metallurgy , McGraw-Hill , 1956 , p 72 7.2 Askeland D.R. , The Science and Engineering of Materials , 2nd ed. , PWS-KENT...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... of an induction-hardened axle of 1541 steel. The fatigue crack originated (arrow) at a fillet (with a radius smaller than specified) at a change in shaft diameter near a keyway runout. Case hardness was about 46 HRC at the surface. Note the well-defined chevron marks in the two brittle fractures pointing toward...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... the integral quench. Figure 4.14 : Single-turn machined coil with integral quench for scanning designed for close impingement of quenchant after scanning. The machined taper at the quench holes provides the desired angle of quenchant impingement. This particular coil was designed for axle shaft hardening...