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Annealing

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract This chapter describes the general characteristics of major types of steel annealing, including the process of normalization, which is a process that refines or normalizes the microstructure of steel. The first part of the chapter begins with an overview of the three-stage process...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
.... The chapter concludes with a brief discussion on the mechanical properties of ferrite/pearlite microstructures in medium-carbon steels. annealing ferrite normalizing pearlite spherical carbides spheroidizing THIS CHAPTER DESCRIBES heat treatments that are designed to produce uniformity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
...Common types of annealing processes used on steels Table 7-1 Common types of annealing processes used on steels Annealing of cold worked material Sometimes called recrystallization annealing Heating is below eutectoid temperature (A 1 ) Stress relief annealing Used...
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Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 14.1 Stages of annealing. (a) Effect of annealing time at fixed temperature (400 °C, or 750 °F) on hardness of a Cu-5Zn solid-solution alloy cold worked 60%. (b) Effect of annealing temperature at fixed time (15 min) on hardness of a Cu-5Zn solid-solution alloy cold worked 60%. Source More
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 12.7 Comparison of (a) box or batch annealing and (c) continuous annealing relative to (b) the low-carbon side of the Fe-Fe 3 C equilibrium diagram. Source: Ref 12.13 More
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Published: 01 December 1996
Fig. 8-9 Effect of annealing time on the annealing curves of a Cu-5% Zn alloy. (From same source as Fig. 8-3a ) More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... Abstract This chapter examines the microstructure and properties of annealed and normalized steels containing more than 0.25% carbon. It shows, using detailed micrographs, how incrementally higher levels of carbon affect the structure and distribution of pearlite and how it intermingles...
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Published: 01 March 2006
Fig. A.22 Effect of annealing temperature on cold-worked metals More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 10.1 Recommended temperatures for austenization for full annealing, normalizing, and quenching of carbon steels. For alloy steels, the temperatures can be different in view of the changes in phase equilibria caused by alloying elements (see Ref 3 ). More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 10.3 Hyper-eutectoid steel subjected to spheroidizing annealing. Cementite in globules in a ferritic matrix. Etchant: nital. More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 10.6 Same steel presented in Fig. 10.5 subjected to another improper annealing cycle. Cementite in grain boundary network and coarse pearlite. Etchant: nital. More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 10.14 Schematic presentation of the heat treatment cycles for annealing (full) and normalizing, superimposed on a CCT curve of a hypothetical steel. A = austenite, P = pearlite, F = ferrite. More
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Published: 01 March 2002
Fig. 3.14 Iron-carbon equilibrium diagram showing region (shaded) of annealing temperatures More
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Published: 01 June 2008
Fig. 19.8 Batch and continuous annealing cycles. Source: Ref 7 More
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Published: 01 June 2008
Fig. 19.9 Three methods of batch annealing More
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Published: 01 June 2008
Fig. 19.10 Integrated cold rolling and annealing line More
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Published: 01 June 2008
Fig. 20.18 Intercritical annealing cycles. Source: Ref 19 More
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Published: 01 June 2008
Fig. 29.8 Microstructure of Hastelloy B. (a) As-cast structure. (b) After annealing. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 01 December 2018
Fig. 3.26 Temperature range for full annealing. Source: Ref 3.15 More
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Published: 01 December 2018
Fig. 3.27 Temperature range for process annealing. Source: Ref 3.15 More