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2%Cr austenitic manganese steel

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... Austenitic Manganese Steels , Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys , Vol 1 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1990 2. Davis J.R. , Alloying: Understanding The Basics , ASM International , 2001 3. Philip T.V. and McCafferty T.J. , High...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
...-steels: (a) low hardenability 1038H, (b) 1541H with higher manganese, and (c) boron steel 15B41. All with recommended heat treating as follows: normalize (for forged or rolled specimens only) at 870 °C (1600 °F); austenitize: 845 °C (1550 °F). Source: Ref 6 Fig. 2 End-quench hardenability...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... with sour gas environments. Fig. 23-20 Charpy V-notch transition curve for the 0.1 C-3.1 Cr-0.5 Mo cast steel, 2 in. (51 mm) test coupons ( 10 ) Austenitic Stainless Steels Fully austenitic Cr-Ni stainless steels, as well as austenitic-ferritic, or so-called duplex Cr-Ni stainless steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
..., and vanadium. Many of the heat-resistant steels are considered pressure vessel steels and are covered under the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. These steels usually contain chromium and molybdenum (sometimes vanadium). The popular 2 ¼ Cr-1 Mo steel comes under this family of steels (discussed earlier...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... of martensite can be the same as the carbon content of the initial austenite; that is, it may have 2 wt.% carbon. Martensite has a tetragonal crystal lattice with the ratio c/a >1. The degree of tetragonality depends on the percentage of carbon in the steel. In a martensitic transformation, the chemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... specifications Table 2 Summary of characteristics and intended uses of HSLA steels described in ASTM specifications ASTM specification Title Alloying elements (a) Available mill forms Special characteristics Intended uses A 242 High-strength low-alloy structural steel Cr, Cu, N, Ni, Si, Ti...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., which is reversed). The values between bar ends are the shifts in 50% FATT. Source: Ref 2 Steel Composition, wt % Ni Cr C Sb Alloy Line A 3.5 1.7 0.4 … Line B 3.5 1.7 0.4 0.06–0.08 Line C 3.5 1.7 … >0.08 Line D 3.5 … 0.4 0.06–0.08 Line E … 1.7...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
...). This is a condition known as hot shortness. Note: the micrograph is out of focus, because the ferrite matrix was chemically attacked by the etch, thus leaving the focused copper in relief. 2% nital etch. 500× Fig. 3.38 Microstructure of segregation along a prior austenite grain boundary in the 0.7% C-3% Cr...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... carbon (max Mn range: 1.00–1.65) Manganese steels 13 xx Mn 1.75 Nickel steels 23 xx Ni 3.50 25 xx Ni 5.00 Nickel-chromium steels 31 xx Ni 1.25; Cr 0.65 and 0.80 32 xx Ni 1.75; Cr 1.07 33 xx Ni 3.50; Cr 1.50 and 1.57 34 xx Ni 3.00; Cr 0.77...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... for sulfur impurities causing embrittlement of steel when present at even extremely low concentrations: (1) The solubility of sulfur in both austenitic iron and ferritic iron is exceedingly low, being essentially zero, and (2) sulfur forms a chemical compound with iron, iron sulfide (FeS), that melts at 1190...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... a pronounced beneficial effect of nickel, which influences the adhesion of the protective scale, reduces the rate of cation diffusion in Cr 2 O 3 scales, and inhibits the breakdown of the scale. Nickel also stabilizes the fcc austenitic structure. The austenitic structure is inherently stronger and more creep...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... resistance equivalent number (PREN) equation: (Eq 11) PREN = % Cr + 3.3 ( % Mo )        + 30 ( % N ) + 10 ( % C ) Alloying can alter the oxidation-resisting performance of the austenitic stainless steels. Some elements form more protective oxide layers than Cr 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... times are required to initiate the transformations, consistent with the air hardening. Fig. 11-2 IT diagram for air-hardening A2 steel, containing 0.97% C, 0.48% Mn, 0.40% Si, 4.58% Cr, 1.04% Mo, and 0.25% V, after austenitizing for 1 h at 1010 °C (1850 °F). Source: Ref 2 The air...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
...-chromium phase diagram ( Fig. 2.3 ). At chromium contents of less than 20%, this phase is difficult to form. However, the presence of molybdenum, silicon, manganese, and nickel can shift this limit to lower levels. Wrought ferritic stainless steel containing 18% Cr and 2% Mo is reported to suffer from...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... a = 4.24 TiN Z-phase Tetragonal a = 3.037 c = 7.391 CrNbN M 23 C 6 fcc a = 10.57–10.68 Cr 16 Fe 5 Mo 2 C (e.g.) M 23 (C,B) 6 fcc a = 10.57–10.68 Cr 23 (C,B) 6 M 6 C Diamond cubic a = 10.62–11.28 (FeCr) 21 Mo 3 C; Fe 3 Nb 3 C; M 5 SiC M 2 N Hexagonal a = 2.8 c...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... austenitic manganese steels in Table 27-8 . Mean Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion, μm/(m · °K)<xref ref-type="table-fn" rid="t68200404-t27-tn7a">(a)</xref> of Cast Carbon and Low Alloy Steels (<bold><xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t68200404-ref2">2</xref></bold>) Table 27-7 Mean Coefficient...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
...; curve 5, Columbia Tool Steel Co. Curve Type Composition, % Quenching medium Specimen size C Mn W Cr Mo V 1 O1 0.90 1.10 0.50 0.50 ... ... Oil 1 (diam) × 2 in. 2 O2 0.90 1.55 ... ... 0.30 ... Oil 1 (diam) × 3 in. 3 O7 1.25 0.30 1.40 0.40 ... 0.20...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... Microhardness, kgf/mm 2 Manganese sulfides (a)  MnS 170  MnS + Cr &lt;450  MnS + Ni &lt;250  MnS + Co &lt;240  MnS + Fe &lt;300  MnS + Ti &lt;215  MnS + V &lt;340 A1 2 O 3 &gt;3000 SiO 2 1600 MnSiO 2 750 MnO 400 Nonmetallic inclusions with MgO present...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... where downtime cannot be tolerated ( 7 ). Austenitic Manganese Steel Castings Table 19-2 Austenitic Manganese Steel Castings Identification Chemistry Typ. prop. HDN BHN CVN(ft-lb) Rm temp. Spec. Grade C Mn Si Ni Cr Mo P ASTM A128 A 1.05-1.35 11.0 min 1.00 max...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... empirical relationships that have been formulated ( Ref 5 – 11 ). For example, according to Andrews ( Ref 11 ): M s ( ° C ) = 512 − 453   ( C ) − 16.9   ( Ni ) + 15   ( Cr ) − 9.5   ( Mo ) + 217   ( C 2 ) − 71.5...