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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... ( Ref 5 ). With slight modification, this alloy became the 18-8—the most important stainless steel alloy ever produced ( FIG. 7.5 ). The years from 1910 to 1920 saw little advance in producing stainless steel. All available metal was diverted during the war to produce exhaust valves for aircraft...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
...-17Cr-15Mo) 188 stainless steel with molybdenum (passive) 188 stainless steel (passive) Chromium stainless steel 11–30% Cr (passive) Inconel (passive) Nickel (passive) Silver solder Monel 400 Cupronickels (Cu-40Ni to Cu-10Ni) Bronzes (Cu-Sn) Copper Brasses (Cu-Zn...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... fatigue. Austenitic steels have greater oxidation resistance and creep-rupture strength than ferritic/martensitic steels. They possess good room temperature ductility and are easy to fabricate. AISI 304 steel containing 18%Cr-8%Ni is the base alloy of the class of austenitic stainless steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
... to rupture would reveal what the longer rupture time would be for a lower temperature at the same stress. Their concept is illustrated in Fig. 2.4 , which shows the application of 18-8 stainless steel. When ( T + 460) (20 + log t ) is plotted against stress for the data available in the temperature range...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
.... , Distortion and Crack Formation by Heat Treatment of Tools , Radex Rundsch. , Vol 1 , 1989 , p 40 – 57 8. Kunitake T. and Susigawa S. , Sumitomo Search , May 1971 , p 16 – 25 9. Blackwood R.R. and Jarvis L.M. , Ind. Heat. , March 1991 , p 28 – 31 10...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... Galvanic series of selected commercial metals and alloys in seawater Noble or cathodic end of series Platinum Gold Graphite Titanium Silver Chlorimet 3 (62Ni-18Cr-18Mo) Hastelloy C (62Ni-17Cr-15Mo) 18-8Mo stainless steel (passive) 18-8 stainless steel (passive) Chromium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
.... Maleic and lactic acid are also similar to acetic acid, except that they are more aggressive toward sensitized 18-8 stainless and attack it intergranularly. Type 316 is a preferred material for handling fatty acids in the soap industry, particularly at higher temperatures. Carbon steel is used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... , John Wiley & Sons , 1971 10.1149/1.2407915 7. Rosenquist T. , Principles of Extractive Metallurgy , McGraw-Hill , 1974 8. Daniel P.L. and Rapp R.A. , Advances in Corrosion Science and Technology , Vol 5 , Fontana M.G. and Staehle R.W. , Ed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... as stainless steels. These steels are important in engineering in view of their resistance to oxidation and corrosion, mechanical properties at elevated temperatures, and toughness (for austenitic stainless steels). The most common compositions of stainless steels (for instance, 12% Cr, 18% Cr + 8% Ni, etc...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
..., but the statement of two independent values is sufficient. For example, the composition of an Fe-Cr-Ni alloy may be described fully by stating that it contains 18% Cr and 8% Ni. There is no need to say that the iron content is 74%. But the requirement that two parameters must be stated to describe ternary...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
..., such as 19-9DL (18-8 stainless steel with slight chromium and nickel adjustments, additional solution hardeners, and higher carbon) and Inconel-800H (21% Cr and high nickel with small additions of titanium and aluminum, which produce some γ′ phase) ( Ref 1 ). The field of stainless steels is broad...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
..., 1.5 Mg, 0.6 Mn) Mild steel Wrought iron Cast iron 13% chromium stainless steel type 410 (active) 188 stainless steel type 304 (active) 18–12-3 stainless steel type 316 (active) Lead-tin solders Lead Tin Muntz metal Manganese bronze Naval brass Nickel (active...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Spheroidizing 3.7.1.1 Austenitic Stainless Steels 3.7.1.2 Ferritic Stainless Steels 3.7.1.3 Martensitic Stainless Steels 3.7.1.4 Precipitation-Hardenable Stainless Steels 3.7.1.5 Duplex Stainless Steels When austenitic stainless steel of an 18-8 composition (18% Cr-8% Ni) is heated...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... 23.17 Eichelman A.H. Jr. , and Hull F.C. , The Effect of Composition on the Temperature of Spontaneous Transformation of Austenite to Martensite in 18-8 Type Stainless Steel , Trans. ASM , Vol 45 , 1953 , p 77 – 104 23.18 Reed R.P. , The Spontaneous Martensitic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... in Powder Metallurgy , Vol 8 , Metal Powder Industries Federation , Princeton, NJ , 1974 , p 41 – 60 18. Kato T. and Kusaka K. , On the Recent Development in Production Technology of Alloy Powders , Mater. Trans., JIM , Vol 31 ( No. 5 ) 1990 , p 363 – 374 10.2320...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... applied stress and average time to fracture in boiling 42% magnesium chloride solution for two 18-8 stainless steels (AISI types 304 and 304L) and two more highly alloyed stainless steels (AISI types 310 and 314). As indicated by the nearly level portions of the curves, the threshold stress...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... and up to 2 wt% Mn. Molybdenum, copper, silicon, aluminum, titanium, and niobium can be added to obtain certain desirable properties, such as halide pitting resistance or oxidation resistance. The original type 304 austenitic stainless steel contains 18 to 20 wt% Cr and 8 to 12 wt% Ni and is often...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.9781627083126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Ti Ta W Zr Other Nickel base B-1900 0.1 64 8 10 6 … 6 0.015 1 4 (a) … 0.10 … CMSX-2 … 66.2 8 4.6 0.6 … 56 … 1 6 8 6 … Hastelloy X 0.1 50 21 1 9 18 … … … … 1 … … Inconel 100 0.18 60.5 10 15 3 … 5.5 0.01 5 … … 0.06 1 V...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... stainless steels, nickel is foremost; when present at the 8% level with 18% Cr, the very popular 18-8 austenitic stainless steel, otherwise known as type 304, is formed. The range of nickel in stainless steels spans from near zero to 40% or more—approaching that of the nickel-base alloys. From 304 stainless...