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1045

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Published: 30 September 2023
Figure 13.6: Dimensions of BUE in cutting at very low speeds (1045 steel; rake angle, 0°; feed, 10 to 30 μ m; dry). More
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Published: 30 September 2023
Figure 13.43: Effects of fluid application on tool life in cutting of annealed 1045 steel (fluids: oil with HSS, 40:0 emulsion with WC). More
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Published: 01 March 2002
Fig. 3.29 Microstructure of an AISI/SAE 1045 steel billet showing a decarburized layer of uniform thickness (a zone of complete decarburization) consisting of columnar grains of ferrite. The microstructure below decarburized layer is ferrite and pearlite. 2% nital and 4% picral etch. 32× More
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Published: 01 March 2002
Fig. 3.30 Microstructure of an AISI/SAE 1045 steel billet showing (a) a large oxidized crack in the decarburized zone and (b) internal oxidation along a small crack (see arrow in a). 2% nital and 4% picral etch. (a) 32× and (b) 500× More
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 16.6 Hardness distributions in water-quenched bars of SAE 1045 steel. The various bar diameters are indicated. Source: Ref 16.16 More
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 16.8 Hardness distribution in oil-quenched bars of SAE 1045 steel. The various bar diameters are indicated. Source: Ref 16.16 More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 4.6 A 1045 steel air cooled from 850 °C (1560 °F) to room temperature, with dark austenite grains surrounded by white pearlite grains. Nital etch. Original magnification: 100 × More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 10.11 Predicted Rockwell C hardness versus tempering temperature for 1045 steel More
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 17.1 Section view of a 25 mm (1 in.) diameter induction-hardened 1045 steel. The trace created by diamond pyramid hardness (DPH) indentations is visible More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 7.28 Cross section of AISI 1045 wire rod, fully annealed. Ferrite and pearlite. Etchant: nital 2%. Courtesy of ArcelorMittal Aços Longos, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil. More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 9.42 C45 steel (similar to AISI 1045) heated at 20 °C/s (35 °F/s). Treatment interrupted by quenching from 765 °C (1410 °F). F = ferrite, P = pearlite, and M = martensite. The martensite regions were austenite at the moment the heat treatment was interrupted and the sample quenched More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 10.15 AISI 1045 wire rod normalized. Pro-eutectoid ferrite and pearlite. Etchant: nital 2%. Courtesy of ArcelorMittal Aços Longos, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil. More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 10.16 AISI 1045 forging, normalized. Pro-eutectoid ferrite and pearlite. Etchant: nital 2%. Courtesy of Villares Metals S.A., Sumaré, SP, Brazil. More
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Published: 30 November 2013
Fig. 36 Characteristic X-shaped crack pattern in a grade 1045 steel crankshaft after testing in reversed torsional fatigue in a special machine, not in an engine. In this case, the original crack was in the transverse shear plane, not in the longitudinal shear plane as in Fig. 35 . More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 11.44 Three positions in a plate of AISI 1045 steel produced via continuous casting, as-cast. Though the microstructures are composed of ferrite and pearlite, the structural heterogeneity when comparing the three images is evident, esspecially in (b) and (c), where segregation becomes More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 11.45 The same AISI 1045 steel from Fig. 11.44 forged with a 4:1 deformation reduction. (a) Normalized. (b) Annealed. Ferrite and pearlite. Some alignment of the microstructure can be observed, particularly in (b) (See section “ Banding ,” in this chapter). Etchant: nital. Courtesy More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 11.51 A bar of AISI 1045 forged from a 29 t ingot to a 700 mm (28 in. diameter) cylinder. Normalized. (a) and (b) samples from the bar region closer to the ingot top, (c) and (d) samples from the bar region closer to the foot of the ingot. Micrographs (a) and (b) shown heterogeneity More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 14.17 Transverse cross section of wire rod of AISI 1045 steel annealed (a) and (c) and subjected to forced air accelerated cooling (Stelmor) from the austenitic region (b) and (d). Lever-rule calculations are applicable only to cooling near equilibrium, which is the case of the annealed More
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Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 17 Ratcheting marks, indicated by the arrows, in an SAE 1045 shaft fractured by fatigue More
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Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 4 Crack resulting from the normalization heat treatment of an AISI 1045 steel cast hull caused by thinning of the wall due to deficiency of the tooling or the core alignment More