Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys
Chapter 8: Recovery, Recrystallization, and Grain Growth
Annealing, a heat treatment process, is used to soften metals that have been hardened by cold working. This chapter discusses the following three distinct processes that can occur during annealing: recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth. The types of processes that occur during recovery are the annihilation of excess point defects, the rearrangement of dislocations into lower-energy configurations, and the formation of subgrains that grow and interlock into sub-boundaries. The article also discusses the main factors that affect recrystallization. They are temperature and time; degree of cold work; purity of the metal; original grain size; and temperature of deformation. The types of grain growth discussed include normal or continuous grain growth and abnormal or discontinuous grain growth.
Recovery, Recrystallization, and Grain Growth, Elements of Metallurgy and Engineering Alloys, Edited By F.C. Campbell, ASM International, 2008, p 117–133, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240117
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