Chapter 12: Tensile Testing of Components
This chapter focuses on tensile testing of three types of engineering components that undergo significant loading in tension, namely, threaded fasteners and bolted joints; adhesive joints; and welded joints. It describes the standardized tensile test for externally threaded fasteners and provides a brief background on relationships among torque, angle-of-turn, tension, and friction. The chapter also describes the test methods covered in the ASTM F 606M standard, namely, product hardness; proof load by length measurement, yield strength, or uniform hardness; axial tension testing of full-sized products; wedge tension testing of full-sized products; tension testing of machined test specimens; and total extension at fracture testing. Finally, the chapter covers tensile testing of adhesive and welded joints.