Chapter 3: Uniaxial Tensile Testing
This chapter discusses the methodology of the tensile test and the effect of some of the variables on the tensile properties. The methodology and variables discussed are shape of the item being tested, method of gripping the item, method of applying the force, determination of strength properties other than the maximum force required to fracture the test item, ductility properties to be determined, speed of force application or speed of elongation, and test temperature. The chapter presents the definitions of the basic terms and their units, along with discussions of basic stress-strain behavior and the differences between related terms, such as stress and force and strain and elongation. It considers the parts of a tensile test, namely, test-piece preparation, geometry, and material condition; test setup and equipment; and test procedures. The chapter provides information on post-test measurements and describes the effect of strain concentrations and strain rate on tensile properties.
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