Case 21: Failure of Aircraft Engine Compressor Rotors
Two compressor rotors of similar design and construction were severely damaged during operation. In one rotor, all the blades in the third and fourth stages had been sheared off and some had lifted from the dovetail portion of the drum. The damage in the other rotor was more extensive. Most of the blades in the first four stages had sheared off and many lifted from the dovetail region, particularly in the first two stages where several mounting dovetails had also fractured. Based on visual examination and the results of SEM fractography, metallography, and chemical analysis, investigators concluded that the compressor rotors failed due to stress-corrosion cracking in the dovetail mountings. They also provided recommendations to prevent or mitigate future occurrences.
Failure of Aircraft Engine Compressor Rotors, Failure Analysis of Engineering Structures: Methodology and Case Histories, By V. Ramachandran, A.C. Raghuram, R.V. Krishnan, S.K. Bhaumik, ASM International, 2005, p 115–117, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270115
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