Binder and Polymer Assisted Powder Processing
Chapter 8: Sintering Densification
After shaping and first-stage binder removal, the component (with remaining backbone binder) is heated to the sintering temperature. Further heating induces densification, evident as dimensional shrinkage, pore rounding, and improved strength. This chapter begins with a discussion on the events that are contributing to sintering densification, followed by a discussion on the driving forces, such as surface energy, and high-temperature atomic motion as well as the factors affecting these processes. The process of microstructure evolution in sintering is then described, followed by a discussion on the tools used for measuring bulk properties to monitor sintering and density. The effects...
Sintering Densification, Binder and Polymer Assisted Powder Processing, By Randall M. German, Animesh Bose, ASM International, 2020, p 169–191, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290169
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