Metallographer’s Guide: Practices and Procedures for Irons and Steels
Chapter 8: The Art of Revealing Microstructure
This chapter discusses the important aspects that a metallographer should understand in order to effectively reveal a microstructure. It begins by exploring etching response and how it can be a tool for revealing various microstructural features. The next part of the chapter discusses methods for revealing microstructure in the as-polished (unetched) specimen, then guidelines for selecting and using etchants when needed. The chapter discusses different types of etchants in terms of their ingredients, etching procedure, and major uses. The etchants discussed include basic etchants (nital and picral and their variations) and tint etchants for carbon and low-alloy steels and...
The Art of Revealing Microstructure, Metallographer’s Guide: Practices and Procedures for Irons and Steels, By Bruce L. Bramfitt, Arlan O. Benscoter, ASM International, 2002, p 215–244, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400215
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The ASM Data Ecosystem is a new and innovative product line that arms ASM Members and the scientific community with the tools and data required to exponentially expand the boundaries of materials science to meet the needs of Industry 4.0.